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Small Estates (Distribution) ACT 1955

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98

Incorporating all amendments up to 1 December 2011

First enacted ... ... ... ... ... ...

1955 (Ordinance No. 34 of 1955)

Revised ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

1972 (Act 98 w.e.f. 1 November 1972)

Date of coming into operation ... ...

Kelantan :1 December 1955 ; Johore., Negeri Sembilan., Pahang., Perak., Perlis., Selangor and Terengganu : 1st July 1957; Kedah :1 August 1962; Penang : 23 December 1965; Malacca : 30 December 1965 ; Federal Territory of Labuan :1 January 1989

SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955
ACT 98

Part I PRELIMINARY

SECTION

1.Short title and commencement

2.Interpretation

Part II ADMINISTRATION OF SMALL ESTATES

SECTION

3.Application of Part and definition of small estate

4.Jurisdiction in respect of small estates

5.High Court to grant probate of testamentary dispositions relating to small estates

6.High Court to have power to reseal a grant of representation affecting a small estate

7.Power of the Registrar to transfer petitions relating to an intestate small estate to a Land Administrator

8.Petition for distribution

8a.When any movable property is administered by the Corporation

9.Service of notice of petition for distribution

10.Appointment of representatives of minors or persons of unsound mind

11.Place of hearing of petition for distribution

11a.Land Administrator's power to summon and examine witnesses, administer oaths or affirmations and compel production and delivery of documents

12.Procedure on hearing and the duties of Land Administrator thereon

13.Order for distribution of small estate

13a.Direction or declaration by the Corporation in respect of movable property

14.Determination of collateral disputes

15.Powers of the Land Administrator in distributing the estate

16.Procedure after hearing

17.Subsequent applications

18.Duty of Settlement Officer and penghulu

19.Reference on point of law or custom

Part III SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO NEGERI SEMBILAN

SECTION

20.Application of Part

21.Interpretation

22.All tribal estates to be "small"

23.Jurisdiction

24.Principles of distribution

25.Appeals

Part IV SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO SABAH

SECTION

26.Application of Part

26a.Certain native estates to be "small"

26b.Small estates of natives of Sabah

26c.Procedure of Native Courts in Sabah

26d.Sale of native land in Sabah

Part V MISCELLANEOUS

SECTION

27.Estate partly administered

28.Exclusion of provisions of certain other laws

29.Appeal

30.Regulations

31.Appearance of advocates

32.Repeal

33.Saving and transitional

34.Special provisions for Malacca and Penang

Omitted or Deleted Section

Omitted or Deleted Section

Omitted or Deleted Section

An Act relating to the distribution of small estates of deceased persons and matters incidental thereto.

[Kelantan--1 December 1955, L.N. 494/1955; Johore, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor and Terengganu--1 July 1957, L.N. 258/1957; Kedah--1 August 1962, L.N. 170/1962; Penang--23 December 1965, Pg. L.N. 35/1965; Malacca--30 December 1965, M.L.N. 65/1965; Federal Territory of Labuan--1 January 1989, P.U.(B) 724/1988]

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/1.Short title and commencement

Part I PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be cited as the Small Estates (Distribution) Act 1955, and shall come into force in relation to any State on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint and the Minister may appoint different dates for different provisions of this Act.

(2) In bringing this Act into force in Sarawak the Minister may by order make such modification thereto as he deems necessary in relation to its application to the estates of deceased persons who at the time of their death were natives of Sarawak.

(2A) This Act shall come into force in the Federal Territory of Labuan on such date as the Minister may by order specify, and such order may provide for such modifications to this Act in its application in the Federal Territory of Labuan as the Minister may deem necessary, and also for the consequential repeal or amendment of any other written law in so far as it applies in the Federal Territory of Labuan.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/2.Interpretation

2. Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--

"Land Administrator"

means--

(a) in relation to Sarawak, the District Officer appointed for a district and includes any Assistant District Officer or Sarawak Administrative Officer appointed for the district or part thereof;

(b) in relation to Sabah, the Collector of Land Revenue appointed for a district and includes any Assistant Collector of Land Revenue appointed for the district or part thereof; and

(c) in relation to the States in * West Malaysia the Land Administrator appointed for a district and includes any Assistant District Land Administrator appointed for the district or part thereof; 

"Corporation"

means the Amanah Raya Berhad, a company incorporated under the Companies Act 1965 [Act 125] pursuant to section 3 of the Public Trust Corporation Act 1995 [Act 532];

"Director General of Lands and Mines"

means the Director General of Lands and Mines (Federal) and, in relation to an estate the whole of the immovable property comprised in which is situated in Sabah or Sarawak, includes the Director of Lands and Surveys, Sabah, or the Director of Lands and Surveys, Sarawak, as the case may require;

"Director of Lands and Mines"

means a Director of Lands and Mines (State) and includes the Director of Lands and Surveys for Sabah and the Director of Lands and Surveys for Sarawak;

"distribution order"

means an order for the distribution of a small estate made under this Act;

"High Court"

means the High Court in Malaya or the High Court in Sabah and Sarawak, as the case may require;

"native"

means a native of Sabah or a native of Sarawak;

"native of Sabah"

has the meaning assigned to the word "native" in the Interpretation (Definition of Native) Ordinance of Sabah [Cap. 64 ];

"native of Sarawak"

has the meaning assigned to the word "native" in the Interpretation Ordinance of Sarawak [Cap. 1];

"Native Title"

has the meaning assigned thereto in the Land Ordinance of Sabah [Cap. 68 ];

"Official Administrator"

(Deleted by Act A1331) [Act 97];

"penghulu",

with reference to Sabah and Sarawak, shall be construed as a reference to a native chief by whatever style called;

"petition for distribution"

means a petition for the distribution of a small estate lodged under section 8;

"prescribed"

means prescribed by regulations made by the Minister under section 30;

"purchaser"

means a person who, at the date of the filing by himself, or by any other person, of a petition for distribution, is in occupation of any land registered in the name of the deceased, whether as sole proprietor or co-proprietor, by virtue of an agreement for the sale of that land or any interest therein by the deceased to himself or to any person through whom he claims;

"Registrar"

means the Registrar of the High Court and includes a Deputy Registrar, a Senior Assistant Registrar and an Assistant Registrar of the High Court;

"Registrar of Titles"

includes a Registrar or Assistant Registrar appointed under section 3 of the Land Code of Sarawak [Cap. 81];

"State"

includes a Federal Territory.

"valuation officer"

means a valuation officer employed by the Government and includes an assistant valuation officer.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/3.Application of Part and definition of small estate

Part II ADMINISTRATION OF SMALL ESTATES

3. Application of Part and definition of small estate

(1) This Part shall have effect throughout Malaysia.

(2) For the purposes of this Act a small estate means an estate of a deceased person consisting wholly or partly of immovable property situated in any State and not exceeding two million ringgit in total value.

(Omitted by P.U.(B) 217/1974).

(3) For the purposes of this section the value of the property comprised in an estate shall be deemed to be its value at the date of the filing of a petition for probate or letters of administration or lodging of a petition for distribution under this Act in respect of the estate or, if more than one such petition has been filed or lodged in respect of the same estate, at the date of the filing or lodging of the earliest petition.

(4) In ascertaining the value of the property comprised in an estate no deduction shall be made on account of the debts of the deceased but there shall not be included in the estate for those purposes any property which the deceased held or was entitled to as a trustee and not beneficially:

Provided that any land held in the name of the deceased by any form of registered title shall be deemed to be part of his estate whether subject to caveat or not unless the land is expressly registered in his name as representative or as trustee or as guardian.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/4.Jurisdiction in respect of small estates

4. Jurisdiction in respect of small estates

(1) Save as in this Act otherwise provided no interest in any small estate shall devolve on or vest in any person by virtue of any instrument other than an order or grant made under this Act.

(2) The Land Administrator of the district where a petition has been lodged or in the case of more than one petition has been lodged, the Land Administrator of the district where the first petition has been lodged, shall have exclusive jurisdiction to deal with the distribution and administration of the whole estate wherever situated:

Provided that the Director of Lands and Mines where all the property is situated in one State or the Director General of Lands and Mines where the property is situated partly in one State and partly in another, may upon application duly made in that behalf, order that any pet it ion under this Act shall be heard and determined by the Land Administrator of any other district, notwithstanding that the property in that district consists solely of movable property, whenever it is made to appear that such an order will tend to the general convenience of the parties or witnesses or is otherwise expedient for the ends of justice; and the Land Administrator shall thereupon have exclusive jurisdiction to order distribution of the estate and, if necessary, to grant letters of administration thereof.

(3) Any order made by the Director of Lands and Mines or the Director General of Lands and Mines under subsection (2) shall be final and not subject to any appeal.

(4) A copy of any order made under subsection (2) shall be sent to the applicant and to any Land Administrator who in the opinion of the Director of Lands and Mines or the Director General of Lands and Mines, as the case may be, is affected thereby.

(5) The Land Administrator for each district in which is situated any part of the immovable property comprised in an estate in respect of which a petition for distribution has been lodged or a valuation officer shall determine the value of that property, as at the date of lodging the petition, or, if more than one petition has been lodged, as at the date of lodging the earliest petition, and every such valuation shall be conclusive for the purposes of this Act

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/5.High Court to grant probate of testamentary dispositions relating to small estates

5. High Court to grant probate of testamentary dispositions relating to small estates

(1) Subject to this section, nothing in this Act shall affect the exclusive jurisdiction of the High Court to grant probate of any will or testamentary disposition or letters of administration in any case in which the deceased has left a valid will or other valid testamentary disposition in respect of a small estate or part thereof and the grant when made shall have effect in all respects as if the estate had not been a small estate.

(2) If upon the hearing of any petition for probate or for letters of administration with a will or copy of a will annexed, probate or letters of administration with the will or a copy of a will annexed are not granted the Court may if satisfied that all the necessary parties are before the Court--

(a) grant letters of administration to any person to whom letters would have been granted on an intestacy if the estate had not been a small estate;

(b) direct that a petition for distribution of the estate be lodged under section 8; or

(c) order any Land Administrator named in the order to proceed with the distribution of the estate as if a petition therefor had been duly lodged. 

(3) Where any order is made under paragraph (2)(c) the Land Administrator therein named shall, upon receipt of a copy of the order, forthwith proceed to distribute the estate in accordance with this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/6.High Court to have power to reseal a grant of representation affecting a small estate

6. High Court to have power to reseal a grant of representation affecting a small estate

Nothing in this Act shall affect the exclusive jurisdiction of the High Court to reseal any grant of representation made outside Malaysia in respect of the estate of a deceased person and where any grant has been resealed affecting a small estate, the grant shall have effect as if the estate had not been a small estate.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/7.Power of the Registrar to transfer petitions relating to an intestate small estate to a Land Administrator

7. Power of the Registrar to transfer petitions relating to an intestate small estate to a Land Administrator

(1) If the Registrar is satisfied that any intestate estate in respect of which a petition for letters of administration has been filed in the High Court is a small estate he shall transfer such petition to the Land Administrator having jurisdiction to order distribution of that estate under section 4 and the Land Administrator may at his discretion either treat the petition as if it were a petition for distribution of the estate under section 8 or if the case so requires direct that a fresh petition under that section shall be lodged.

(2) If at any stage of any proceedings in the High Court relating to the estate of a deceased person it appears--

(a) that the deceased was a member of a tribe within the meaning of Part III or that any part of the estate was property affected by a tribal custom within the scope of Part III; or

(b) that the deceased at the time of his death was a native of Sabah, 

the proceedings shall be stayed and the matter shall be referred to the Director General of Lands and Mines and the proceedings shall not be continued in the High Court unless and until the Director General of Lands and Mines has certified in writing under his hand that the estate is not, or is not deemed to be, a small estate under this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98/8.Petition for distribution

8. Petition for distribution

(1) Where any person has died intestate leaving a small estate, any person claiming to be interested in the estate as a beneficiary, or a creditor, or a purchaser, or in the circumstances mentioned in subsection 18(1) the penghulu or a Settlement Officer of the district or of the locality in which any land of which the deceased was the proprietor is situated, or the Official Administrator, may lodge with the Land Administrator at any district wherever the immovable property comprised in the estate is situated a petition, in the prescribed form, for the distribution of the estate.

(2) The petitioner shall deliver to the Land Administrator all issue documents of title or other documents evidencing title to immovable property relating to the estate in his possession or power.

(3) The Land Administrator shall thereupon give notice to the principal registry of the High Court of the lodging with him of the petition and shall ascertain from the registry whether any petition relating to the estate has, before that petition having been lodged, been filed in the High Court or lodged with any other Land Administrator.

(4) If no such petition has been so filed or lodged the Land Administrator shall investigate the facts and matters alleged in the petition and determine whether the estate is or is not a small estate and whether he has jurisdiction under section 4.

(5) For the purpose of determining whether any estate is or is not a small estate the Land Administrator or a valuation officer shall value the movable property comprised therein wherever situate, if any.

(6) The valuation of the movable property comprised in an estate by the Land Administrator or a valuation officer under this section shall be conclusive for the purpose of this Act.

(7) If the Land Administrator decides that the estate is not a small estate he shall transfer the petition, with or without amendment, to the High Court and the petition shall, unless the Court otherwise directs, be treated therein as if it were a petition for letters of administration upon an intestacy:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply in any case where a petition in respect of the estate has been transferred to the Land Administrator under subsection 7(1).

(8) If the Land Administrator decides that the estate is a small estate, he shal l deal with the pet it ion in accordance with subsection 4(2) but if it appears to him that it would be more expedient for the pet i t ion to be heard by another Land Administrator, he may apply to the Director of Lands and Mines or the Director General of Lands and Mines, as the case may require, for an order to be made under subsection 4(2).

(9) If upon ascertaining from the principal registry of the High Court the Land Administrator has notice that any other petition for distribution had been previously lodged in respect of the estate with any other Land Administrator or that any application has been made to the Director of Lands and Mines or the Director General of Lands and Mines under subsection 4(2) or that any petition for probate or letters of administration with a will or a copy of a will annexed has been filed in the High Court in respect of the estate he shall forthwith stay all proceedings upon the petition before him until either, as the case may be, an order has been made by the Court under paragraph 5(2)(c) directing him to distribute the estate or an order has been made under subsection 4(2) conferring jurisdiction upon him.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/8AWhen any movable property is administered by the Corporation

8A When any movable property is administered by the Corporation

Where a petition for distribution is lodged with a Land Administrator and that any movable property comprised in the estate had been administered or is being administered by the Corporation, the Corporation shall deliver to the Land Administrator any document relating to the property for the purpose of determining whether the estate is or is not a small estate.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/9.Service of notice of petition for distribution

9. Service of notice of petition for distribution

(1) Subject to section 8 the Land Administrator having jurisdiction in respect of the small estate shall, as soon as possible after the lodging of the petition for distribution thereof, cause notice of the petition and of the date and place of hearing to be served in the prescribed manner upon all persons who are named in the petition as beneficiaries of or claimants to the estate or any interest therein or who appear to the Land Administrator to be interested in the distribution of the estate:

Provided that no proceedings under this Act shall be invalid on account of any omission or failure to serve any such notice upon any person unless the omission or failure has in the opinion of the High Court occasioned any substantial injustice.

(2) The Land Administrator shall also cause notice of the petition and of the date and place of the hearing thereof to be published in such manner and at such times and places as may be prescribed.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/10.Appointment of representatives of minors or persons of unsound mind

10. Appointment of representatives of minors or persons of unsound mind

(1) Where any person, who is named in the petition as a beneficiary of or claimant to the estate or any interest therein or who appears to the Land Administrator to be interested in the distribution of the estate, is or appears to the Land Administrator to be a minor or a person of unsound mind the Land Administrator may, by an order in writing, appoint some suitable and proper person to be the guardian of the minor or person of unsound mind for the purposes of all proceedings for the distribution of the estate under this Act and all such proceedings shall be as effective and binding upon all persons concerned as if that person had not been a minor or person of unsound mind.

(2) In appointing a person to be a guardian under this section, the Land Administrator shall have regard to any personal law or custom affecting the minor or person of unsound mind.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/11.Place of hearing of petition for distribution

11. Place of hearing of petition for distribution

(1) Every petition for distribution shall be heard in such place in his district as the Land Administrator having regard to the convenience of the parties and witnesses generally may appoint.

(2) Every place in which a petition for distribution is heard shall during the hearing be deemed an open and public place to which the public shall have access.

(3) Without prejudice to the extent of his powers under subsection (1), where the question, or one of the questions, at issue in any hearing of a petition for distribution relates to a particular lot of land the Land Administrator may, in his discretion, hold the hearing, or any part thereof at a convenient place on or near to that land.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/11a.Land Administrator's power to summon and examine witnesses, administer oaths or affirmations and compel production and delivery of documents

11a. Land Administrator's power to summon and examine witnesses, administer oaths or affirmations and compel production and delivery of documents

(1) The Land Administrator shall, in relation to the hearing of a petition for distribution, have all the powers of a Magistrates' Court in the exercise of its civil jurisdiction for the summoning and examination of witnesses (including any person on whom a notice of the petition is required to be served under section 9), for the administration of oaths or affirmations and for compelling the production and delivery to him of all documents, including issue documents of title and other documents evidencing title.

(2) Every person required to appear before, or to produce or deliver any document to, the Land Administrator under subsection (1) shall be legally bound to do so within the meaning of sections 174 and 175 of the Penal Code [Act 574].

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/12.Procedure on hearing and the duties of Land Administrator thereon

12. Procedure on hearing and the duties of Land Administrator thereon

(1) The Land Administrator shall record in writing the evidence of all witnesses in attendance, and allow cross-examination of any such witnesses by any person present who claims to be interested in the estate or who has been appointed a guardian of any such person under section 10. All such evidence shall be given on oath or affirmation.

(2) The Land Administrator may, in his discretion, examine as a witness any person who appears to him to be capable of giving relevant evidence and shall allow him to be cross-examined by any person present who claims to be interested in the estate or who has been appointed a guardian of any such person under section 10.

(3) The Land Administrator may require the attendance of any penghulu or a Settlement Officer whom he believes to be able to give any material information regarding the deceased or his estate and may examine him as a witness.

(4) The Land Administrator shall call evidence when necessary to ascertain the religious or customary law applicable to the devolution of the estate of the deceased.

(5) The Land Administrator shall ascertain the amounts of the estate duty, if any, the funeral expenses and debts of the deceased, wherever arising.

(6) The Land Administrator shall consider the claims of any alleged purchasers who attend the hearing and shall ascertain and record who, at the date of the hearing, is in actual occupation of any land claimed by an alleged purchaser, the date, as nearly as the evidence admits, when he went into occupation, and who, at the date of lodging the petition, was in possession of the relevant issue document of title.

(7) The Land Administrator shall ascertain, in such manner as may be most appropriate, the law applicable to the devolution of the estate of the deceased, and shall decide who in accordance with that law are the beneficiaries and the proportions of their respective shares and interests.

(8) The Land Administrator may, if he considers it necessary or desirable, adjourn the hearing from time to time and may appoint a different place for any such adjourned hearing.

(9) At any time before the making of a distribution order the Land Administrator may reopen the hearing for the purpose of taking further evidence on any relevant matter and shall reopen the hearing for such purpose if so directed by the Director of Lands and Mines.

(10) Where the Land Administrator who is conducting or has conducted any hearing of a petition under this section dies, or is unable through illness, transfer or any other cause to exercise his functions under this Act, any other Collector may continue with the hearing or re-hear the whole or part of the evidence already taken or carry out any other function under this Act in relation to the petition.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/13.Order for distribution of small estate

13. Order for distribution of small estate

(1) At the conclusion of the hearing the Land Administrator shall by his order make provision for the payment out of the estate duty, if any, and of the funeral expenses and debts of the deceased, wherever arising, and for the repayment to any person of any fees paid by that person under this Act and may, if necessary, direct the whole or such part of the estate as he may specify to be sold and the expenses, debts, fees and duty to be paid from the proceeds of the sale and subject thereto and to the following provisions of this section shall distribute the residue of the estate according to their respective shares and interests among the beneficiaries but subject to section 15:

Provided that where there is in force any written law relating to baitulmal the Collector shall before distributing any part of the estate of a deceased Muslim satisfy himself that any share of the estate which is due to the baitulmal has been duly paid or proper provision made for the payment thereof.

(2) The Land Administrator shall by his order direct the share of any infant beneficiary in any immovable property to be registered in the name of a suitable person as trustee and shall enter a caveat to protect his interest during minority.

(3) If the Land Administrator finds that the deceased was a trustee for any person of any land held in the name of the deceased though not registered as such, he shall unless in any case he thinks it proper to refer to the Court order the trust property to be transmitted to a new trustee or to the beneficiary as he shall think fit but without prejudice to any registered rights or interests in the land of any creditor of the deceased or any person deriving title through the deceased.

(4) If the nature of the case so requires the Land Administrator shall, instead of or in addition to making a distribution order, grant letters of administration to such person or persons as he shall think fit, subject to such security as he may require and may in his discretion dispense with security. The letters of administration shall be subject to such limitations as the Land Administrator may think fit to specify in the grant.

(5) If the Land Administrator finds that any person has proved his claim to be a purchaser within the meaning of section 2 of any land registered in the name of the deceased he shall, by his order, transmit the land to the purchaser, subject to such conditions as to the payment of any outstanding balance of the purchase money or otherwise as he may think fit to impose.

(6) If in the opinion of the Land Administrator any person claiming to be a purchaser of any land registered in the name of the deceased is not such a purchaser but is entitled to any sum as compensation or relief out of the estate of the deceased he shall record a finding to that effect and shall provide in the order for the payment of that sum to that person as a debt of the deceased.

(7) If it appears that the estate is or is likely to be insolvent the Land Administrator shall grant letters of administration to some fit person on behalf of the general body of creditors or else order the estate to be administered in bankruptcy by the Director General of Insolvency*

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/13ADirection or declaration by the Corporation in respect of movable property

13A Direction or declaration by the Corporation in respect of movable property

Where any movable property comprised in a small estate has been administered by the Corporation, the Land Administrator shall accept any direction or declaration made by the Corporation in relation to the property.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/14.Determination of collateral disputes

14. Determination of collateral disputes

(1) If in the course of the hearing it is certified by the Land Administrator to be necessary or desirable in the interests of justice that any collateral dispute should be decided before a distribution order is made, the Land Administrator may defer the making of any distribution order in respect of the estate or of that part of the estate which in his opinion is or may be affected directly or indirectly by the determination of that dispute and shall thereupon cause the dispute to be determined in accordance with this section.

(2) For the purposes of this section a "collateral dispute" means a dispute as to whether--

(a) any property movable or immovable or any right or interest in any such property forms part of the estate of the deceased;

(b) any person is entitled beneficially to any property movable or immovable or any right or interest in any such property which the deceased at the time of his death held or was entitled to hold as a trustee and not beneficially;

(c) any debt or liquidated sum in money is payable to any person claiming the same out of the assets of the deceased or any debt or liquidated sum in money is due or payable by any person to the estate of the deceased; and

(d) any share or any right or interest in any share of a beneficiary in the estate of the deceased has been assigned to or vested in any other person, whether a beneficiary or not. 

(3) In the case of any collateral dispute the Land Administrator shall, after ensuring that all necessary parties are before him or have had sufficient opportunity to attend, proceed to hear and determine the dispute and may make such order thereon as may be just.

(4)-(7) (Deleted by Act A702).

(8) Subject to any regulations made under section 30, sections 9, 10, 11and 12, with such modifications as may be necessary, shall apply to the hearing and determination of collateral disputes by Land Administrators under this section.

(9) Any order made by a Land Administrator under this section shall have the same force and effect and shall be enforceable in the same manner as if it had been made by a court but there shall be no appeal from such an order except under section 29.

(10) The Land Administrator shall, when necessary, give effect by his distribution order to any order made by him under this section.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/15.Powers of the Land Administrator in distributing the estate

15. Powers of the Land Administrator in distributing the estate

(1) Where the Land Administrator is satisfied that all the beneficiaries of the estate being of full age and capacity have agreed between themselves as to the manner in which the estate should be distributed, the Land Administrator may, after recording in the distribution order the terms of the agreement, and the assent of the parties thereto, distribute the estate in the manner provided for by the agreement unless it shall appear to the Land Administrator to be unjust or inequitable so to do.

(2) Where any such agreement has been entered into by all the beneficiaries who are of full age and capacity the Land Administrator may, if in his opinion it is in the interests of any other beneficiary who is a minor or a person not of full capacity to do so, assent to the agreement on behalf of that minor or person and may thereupon after recording the terms of the agreement and the assent of the parties thereto and of his own assent on the part of the minor or person distribute the estate in the manner provided for by the agreement.

(3) Where two or more beneficiaries are entitled to share in any land comprised in the estate the Land Administrator may, at his discretion, having regard to the interests of those concerned and the interests of good cultivation--

(a) allocate separate lots to individual beneficiaries;

(b) allocate separate lots to two or more beneficiaries as co-proprietors or tenants in common in undivided shares; or

(c) subject to any other written law restricting the subdivision of land, order any lot or lots to be subdivided by survey into parcels proportionate to the shares of the beneficiaries concerned, fixing a time within which they are to deposit the appropriate survey fees in the Land Office and providing that in default of such a deposit the land be registered in the names of those beneficiaries as co-proprietors or tenants in common in undivided shares. 

(4) The Land Administrator, at his discretion, in order to prevent the excessive subdivision of land or the holding of small lots of land in common by numerous persons or in complicated fractional interests--

(a) where the share of a beneficiary is small, may order the land or any part thereof allocated to any other beneficiary or a specified interest therein to be charged to the beneficiary for amount of his share, together with interest at such rate as may be just, not exceeding five per centum per annum, in lieu of allocating to him a proprietary interest; 

(b) where the value of any interest or share in land or lot allocated to a beneficiary is less than the value of the share in the estate to which the beneficiary is entitled, may direct that the difference in value be made up to him in money by the other beneficiaries in such proportion as is equitable and may order, if necessary, that any such payment and interest thereon at such rate as may be just, not exceeding five per centum per annum, be secured by a charge upon any share or shares of those other beneficiaries;

(bb) may order that the undivided distributive share of any beneficiary in any land or lot be allocated to another beneficiary and that such other beneficiary pay to the first-mentioned beneficiary such sum of money as may be determined by the Land Administrator to be the value of such undivided distributive share:

Provided that no order shall be made under this paragraph unless the Land Administrator has first informed the beneficiaries concerned of the terms of his proposed order under this paragraph and the second-mentioned beneficiary has deposited with the Land Administrator the sum of money proposed to be determined by the Land Administrator as the value of the distributive share of the first-mentioned beneficiary;

(c) may order the land or any part of it to be sold in such manner as may be prescribed; or

(d) may order the land or any part of it to be sold by tender among the beneficiaries in such manner as may be prescribed, but subject to a reserve price determined by the Land Administrator which shall not be less than the market value of the land, or part of the land, as the case may be, at the date of the tender. 

(5A) Where two or more beneficiaries are entitled to a share in any movable proper ty compr ised in the es tate the Land Administrator may, at his discretion, having regard to the interest of those concerned, order the property to be sold in such manner as may be prescribed.

(5) In the exercise of any discretion under this section the Land Administrator shall take into consideration the matters set forth in the First Schedule.

(6) No distribution order made in accordance with subsections (3), (4)and (5)shall have effect where any beneficiary affected thereby is a native, unless every such beneficiary being of full age and capacity shall have assented thereto, and where any beneficiary is a minor or a person not of full capacity, the assent shall have been given on his behalf by a guardian appointed under section 10.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/16.Procedure after hearing

16. Procedure after hearing

(1) The distribution order shall be drawn up forthwith by the Land Administrator and shall lie in his office for the period within which notice of appeal may be given and, if notice of appeal under section 29 has been given, shall continue to lie in the office until the appeal has been withdrawn or decided, and shall if necessary be amended or redrawn to conform with the decision on appeal. The Land Administrator shall then arrange for the order so far as it relates to land to be registered as may be necessary and shall act under subsection (3) where applicable.

(2) The Land Administrator making a distribution order may sign and enter any caveat required to be registered with the order, whether in his own or any other registry or office.

(3) Where a sum of money in the possession of the Land Administrator is payable to any person under or by virtue of a distribution order, the Land Administrator shall deposit such sum of money with the Public Trustee if--

(a) the whereabouts of such person are not known;

(b) such person refuses to accept payment of such sum of money;

(c) such person lacks legal capacity; or

(d) for any other reason it is not practicable to pay such sum of money to such person. 

(4) Where a sum of money has been deposited with the Public Trustee under subsection (3), the Public Trustee shall hold such sum as trustee for the person entitled to it, and may apply the same for the benefit of that person, or may pay the said sum to that person if he makes a claim thereto in writing and the Public Trustee is satisfied as to his identity, entitlement, and legal capacity to receive it.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/17.Subsequent applications

17. Subsequent applications

(1) Where it becomes necessary to appoint a new trustee or a new administrator or to make any other or further order or to withdraw a caveat the party interested may make an application to the Land Administrator, in the prescribed form or in any other form which the Land Administrator may permit, and thereupon the Land Administrator shall investigate the matter and cause notice to be given to any other party affected and if the matter is contentious he shall set it down for hearing in the same manner as a petition for distribution under this Act and after the investigation or hearing he shall make such order or do any other act as may be necessary to give effect to his decision and if necessary shall arrange for the order so far as it relates to land to be registered as may be necessary.

(2) Where a minor beneficiary has attained majority the Land Administrator may either withdraw the caveat to enable the trustee to transfer the interest to the beneficiary or make an order transmitting the interest from the trustee to the beneficiary as proprietor and in the latter case an order withdrawing the caveat may be incorporated in the same instrument as the transmission.

(3) The Land Administrator may for any cause he thinks fit at any time either of his own motion or on the application of any beneficiary or creditor revoke any grant of administration made by him and may likewise order any administrator to file accounts or to supply such other particulars concerning the administration of the estate as he may require.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/18.Duty of Settlement Officer and penghulu

18. Duty of Settlement Officer and penghulu

(1) Where a proprietor of any land has died and no proceedings, to the knowledge of a Settlement Officer of the district, or the penghulu of the locality, in which the proprietor's land is situated, have within six months of the date of death been taken to obtain a grant of probate or letters of administration or for distribution under this Act of the estate of the deceased, the said Settlement Officer or the said penghulu shall report the matter to the Land Administrator and the Land Administrator may thereupon direct the Settlement Officer or the penghulu, or some other Settlement Officer of the district or some other penghulu, to lodge a petition for distribution of the estate unless he has reason to believe that the land was not part of a small estate, in which case he shall report the matter to the Official Administrator.

(2) No fees under this Act shall be payable by the Settlement Officer or the penghulu upon the lodging of any petition under this sect ion or on any consequent proceedings but at the conclusion of the hearing the Land Administrator shall assess the fees that would have been payable under this Act if the petition had been lodged by some person other than the Settlement Officer or the penghulu and shall in his distribution order direct that they shall be paid out of the estate.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/19.Reference on point of law or custom

19. Reference on point of law or custom

(1) If any difficult point of law or custom arises in any proceedings under this Act, the Land Administrator may--

(a) if the question relates to Islamic law or Malay custom or to native law or custom of Sabah or Sarawak, refer the matter for decision to the Ruler of the State in which his district is situated or to such other person or body of persons as the Ruler may direct; or

(b) if the question relates to any other matter, may state a case for the opinion and directions of the High Court. 

(2) Every reference and every statement of case under subsection (1) shall be in writing and shall contain a statement of the facts on which an opinion or decision is required, and the Land Administrator shall give effect to any opinion, decision or directions thereby obtained.

(3) Where any question is referred to the High Court under this section the reference may be heard and disposed of by a Judge in Chambers.

(4) The High Court shall not give any opinion upon any question referred to it under this section unless all those persons interested in the proceedings who in the opinion of the High Court are likely to be affected by the opinion have had an opportunity to appear and be heard by the Court either in person or by advocate and the costs of any such hearing shall be borne by such persons or by the estate and in such proportion as the Court may direct.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/20.Application of Part

Part III SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO NEGERI SEMBILAN

20. Application of Part

(1) This Part shall apply only in the districts of Jelebu, Kuala Pilah, Rembau and Tampin in the State of Negeri Sembilan.

(2) Part II shall apply without modification in all cases where the deceased was not a member of a tribe.

(3) Where the deceased was a member of a tribe, Part II shall take effect subject to the provisions of this Part in respect of any property comprised in the estate of the deceased and situated within the districts to which this Part applies.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/21.Interpretation

21. Interpretation

(1) In this Part "Enactment" means the Customary Tenure Enactment of Negeri Sembilan [F.M.S. Cap. 215] and "tribe" means one of the tribes specified in Schedule B to the Enactment.

(2) This Part shall be read with the Enactment and words defined therein shall have the same meanings in this Act.

(3) In the event of any conflict between this Act and the Enactment the provisions of the Enactment shall prevail.

(4) For the purpose of this Part the estate shall not include such part of the estate as is "customary estate" within the meaning of the Enactment.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/22.All tribal estates to be "small"

22. All tribal estates to be "small"

The estate of any deceased person who was at the time of his death a member of a tribe shall be deemed to be a small estate, whatever its total value, and every such person shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act to have died intestate in respect of that estate.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/23.Jurisdiction

23. Jurisdiction

(1) The Land Administrator of the district in which is located the tribe or section of a tribe of which the deceased was a member shall have exclusive jurisdiction over the estate under this Act:

Provided that if the value of the estate exceeds five thousand ringgit the hearing of any petition for distribution shall be before one or more officers nominated for that purpose by the Menteri Besar of the State of Negeri Sembilan and the officer or officers shall have all the powers of a Land Administrator having jurisdiction over the estate under this Act.

(2) Where the deceased has left customary estate in addition to other property the Land Administrator or other officer or officers nominated under this section shall, wherever practicable, fix the hearing of the application under section 10 of the Enactment for the same time and place as the hearing under section 12 of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/24.Principles of distribution

24. Principles of distribution

In making any distribution order, the Land Administrator, which expression, in this section, shall be deemed to include the officer or officers nominated under section 23, shall apply the following principles:

(a) if any land appears to be ancestral customary land, though not registered as such, it shall be transmitted to the customary heiress, subject if necessary to life occupancy;

(b) where any property is found as a fact to be harta pembawa or harta dapatan it may be transmitted to the customary heiress of the deceased subject to the right of any other person to a share in or charge over that property according to the principle of untung, where applicable, and on registration of the order the Land Administrator may, if necessary, add the words "Customary Land" to any title affected but he shall not be bound to do so;

(c) where any property is found as a fact to be harta carian bujang or harta carian laki bini it may be transmitted according to the custom of the luak and on registration of the order the Land Administrator may, if necessary, add the words "Customary Land" to any title affected but he shall not be bound to do so;

(d) the Land Administrator shall give effect to customary adoptions where they are satisfactorily proved;

(e) in all cases regard shall be had to any partial distribution of property made or agreed upon in the lifetime of the deceased and to the existence of any property which is affected by any such distribution or agreement though not part of the estate;

(f) wherever practicable the Land Administrator shall avoid transmitting undivided shares in any one lot to members of different tribes; and

(g) where funeral expenses are by the custom chargeable on specific property and the party on whom that property ought to devolve has not paid them, the Land Administrator may require the party to pay the funeral expenses as a condition of inheriting that property or may, by the order, charge that property with the amount of the funeral expenses. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/25.Appeals

25. Appeals

(1) Any appeal under section 29 which relates to customary land or to the estate of a deceased member of a tribe shall be heard by an Appeal Committee appointed by the Ruler, instead of by the High Court, and subject to confirmation by the Ruler the report of the Committee shall be final. The Ruler may make rules of procedure and prescribe fees for such appeals.

(2) Unless and until an Appeal Committee is appointed under subsection (1) any such appeal shall be heard in the same manner as an appeal under section 15 of the Enactment.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/26.Application of Part

Part IV SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO SABAH

26. Application of Part

This Part shall apply only in the State of Sabah.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/26A.Certain native estates to be "small"

26A. Certain native estates to be "small"

(1) The estate of any deceased person who at the time of his death was a native of Sabah shall if it consists of immovable property all of which is held under Native Title, whatever its value, and movable property (if any) not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit in value shall be deemed for the purposes of this Act to be a small estate.

(2) In the case of an estate which is deemed to be a small estate under subsection (1) Part II shall take effect subject to this Part. In the case of other small estates Part II shall apply without modification.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/26B.Small estates of natives of Sabah

26B. Small estates of natives of Sabah

When a petition for distribution relates to an estate which is deemed to be small estate under subsection 26a(1), the Land Administrator shall refer the petition to the appropriate Native Court constituted under the Native Court Ordinance of Sabah [Cap. 86 ] unless in his opinion for any reason it should be dealt with under the Probate and Administration Act 1959, in which event the Land Administrator shall send the record of the case and his finding to the High Court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/26C.Procedure of Native Courts in Sabah

26C. Procedure of Native Courts in Sabah

When a petition has been referred to the Native Court, the Court shall, as far as possible, follow the procedure prescribed in this Act, and shall exercise exclusively, in lieu of the Land Administrator, the authority therein granted to the Land Administrator, and shall make a distribution order having regard to subsections 1(2) and (3) of the Wills Ordinance of Sabah [Cap. 158] and the law or custom having the force of law applicable to the deceased, and the decision of the Native Court shall be forwarded to the Land Administrator, who shall arrange for the order of that Court so far as it relates to any interest in land to be registered as may be necessary.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/26D.Sale of native land in Sabah

26D. Sale of native land in Sabah

Land registered in the name of a deceased native of Sabah may be sold by order of the Native Court to pay the debts of the deceased or to satisfy the claim of a beneficiary who is not a native, but the bidding in the case of land held under Part IV of the Land Ordinance of Sabah shall be restricted to natives.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/27.Estate partly administered

Part V MISCELLANEOUS

27. Estate partly administered

(1) Where, before the coming into force of this Act, letters of administration have been granted by the High Court and the estate has not been fully administered, any further application relating to the same estate may be made to the High Court, whether the estate is, or has become, a small estate within the meaning of this Act or not.

(2) Where before the coming into force of this Act a grant of probate or letters of administration has been made by any authority other than the High Court, and the estate has not been fully administered any further application relating to the same estate may be made to a Judge or Registrar of the High Court in the State in which the grant was made and thereupon the Registrar shall call for the file of the former proceedings which may be continued as though they had been commenced in his registry:

Provided that if for any reason, in the opinion of the Judge or the Registrar, the proceedings cannot conveniently be so continued, the Judge or Registrar may direct that a new petition be filed in the High Court or that a petition for distribution be lodged with a Land Administrator pursuant to section 8.

(3) Where before the coming into force of this Act an application for distribution or for a grant of letters of administration of a small estate under any written law repealed by this Act has been made to a Land Administrator or, in the case of Sarawak, a Probate Officer, and the estate has not been fully administered the Land Administrator shall have jurisdiction to continue the proceedings and shall continue them in accordance with this Act, as early as the circumstances admit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/28.Exclusion of provisions of certain other laws

28. Exclusion of provisions of certain other laws

None of the provisions of any law relating to duties on estates of deceased persons or of any rules of court, so far as all such provisions regulate the practice and procedure in granting letters of administration or the imposition and collection of duties payable on the estates of deceased persons, shall apply to any proceedings under this Act except so far and with such modifications as may be prescribed.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/29.Appeal

29. Appeal

(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act and to subsection (5) any person aggrieved by any order, decision or act made or done by a Land Administrator under this Act may appeal to the High Court:

Provided that no appeal shall lie from any such order, decision or act so far as the same is based on and in accordance with a decision of the Ruler or of any other person or body in respect of a reference under paragraph 19(1)(a) or in accordance with the opinion of the High Court in respect of a reference under paragraph 19(1)(b):

Provided further that in the State of Terengganu when the appeal is in respect of any decision of the Land Administrator in relation to an interest claimed under the Settlement Enactment [Tr. 65 of 1356 ] the appeal shall lie to the Land Court constituted under that Enactment.

(2) The time limited for appeal and the procedure in every such appeal shall unless otherwise provided by rules made under section 30 conform to the time limited for, and the procedure in, a civil appeal from a Sessions Court with such variations as may be necessary and the same fees shall be payable.

(3) If any doubt or difficulty shall arise on any point of procedure in any such appeal any party may apply in writing to the Registrar at the registry in which the appeal is pending or intended to be filed and the Registrar shall give such directions as may be necessary.

(4) The decision of the High Court upon any such appeal shall be final, and shall not be subject to any further appeal.

(5) Decisions of the Native Court in Sabah shall be subject to appeal and revision as provided in the constitution of that Court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/30.Regulations

30. Regulations

The Minister may make regulations to carry into effect the objects of this Act and to prescribe anything required to be prescribed under this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/31.Appearance of advocates

31. Appearance of advocates

(1) No advocate shall be entitled to appear on behalf of any party in any proceedings before the Land Administrator under this Act except with the permission of the Land Administrator, who may grant or withhold such permission in each case as he thinks fit.

(2) No solicitor's costs shall be allowed out of any small estate except that in a case where the estate exceeds three thousand ringgit in value the Land Administrator may, for special reasons stated in the order, allow such costs to an amount not exceeding the amount of such costs as might be awarded in a Sessions Court in a comparable proceeding.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/32.Repeal

32. Repeal

(1) The Enactments mentioned in the first and second columns of the Second Schedule are repealed to the extent specified in the third column thereof.

(2) (Omitted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/33.Saving and transitional

33. Saving and transitional

(1) Nothing in this Act shall affect the validity of proceedings instituted under the laws repealed by this Act but the same shall be carried on in accordance with this Act and any such proceeding may be amended as may appear to be necessary or proper to bring it into conformity with this Act.

(2) Subject to this Act, the Official Administrator, Malaysia, shall be deemed to have taken the place of the Administrator General, Sabah, and of the Probate Officers in Sarawak.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/34.Special provisions for Malacca and Penang

34. Special provisions for Malacca and Penang

The provisions of the Third Schedule shall have effect in relation to a small estate (or a part of a small estate) which consists of immovable property situated in the State of Malacca or the State of Penang.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 Act 98/SMALL ESTATES (DISTRIBUTION) ACT 1955 ACT 98,,/FIRST SCHEDULE