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Employment Act 1955- Part 2

  • (3) (a) For any overtime work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work, the employee shall be paid at a rate not less than one and half times his hourly rate of pay irrespective of the basis on which his rate of pay is fixed. 

    (b) In this section "overtime" means the number of hours of work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work per day:

    Provided that if any work is carried out after the spread over period of ten hours, the whole period beginning from the time that the said spread over period ends up to the time that the employee ceases work for the day shall be deemed to be overtime. 

    (c) For the purposes of this section, section 60, paragraph 60d(3)(a) and section 60i, "normal hours of work" means the number of hours of work as agreed between an employer and an employee in the contract of service to be the usual hours of work per day and such hours of work shall not exceed the limits of hours prescribed in subsection (1). 

(4) (a) No employer shall require or permit an employee to work overtime exceeding such limit as may be prescribed by the Minister from time to time by regulations made under this Act, and the regulations so made may provide different limits for different classes, categories or descriptions of employees, and such regulations may also provide for such classes, categories or description of employees, as may be specified, to be excluded from their application:

Provided that any work carried out on a rest day, or any of the gazetted public holidays referred to in subsection 60d(1), or on any paid holiday substituted therefor under section 60d, shall not be construed as overtime work for the purposes of this subsection;

And provided further that the Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer or by an employee or a group of employees, permit any particular employee, or any group, class, category or description of employees in any particular industry, undertaking or establishment to work overtime in excess of the limit of hours so prescribed, subject to such conditions, if any, as he may deem proper to impose. 

(aa) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General made under paragraph (a) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister. 

(ab) In deciding any appeal made to him under paragraph (aa), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just and such decision or order shall be final. 

(b) For the purposes of the restriction on overtime under this subsection "overtime" shall have the meaning assigned thereto in paragraph (3)(b). 

(5) (Omitted).

(6) The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of calculating the payment due for overtime to an employee employed on piece rates.

(7) Except in the circumstances described in paragraph(2)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), no employer shall require any employee under any circumstances to work for more than twelve hours in any one day.

(8) This section shall not apply to employees engaged in work which by its nature involves long hours of inactive or stand-by employment.

(9) For the purposes of this Part "hours of work" means the time during which an employee is at the disposal of the employer and is not free to dispose of his own time and movements.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 a . Hours of work

60a.   Hours of work 

(1) Except as hereinafter provided, an employee shall not be required under his contract of service to work-

(a) more than five consecutive hours without a period of leisure of not less than thirty minutes duration; 

(b) more than eight hours in one day; 

(c) in excess of a spread over period of ten hours in one day; 

(d) more than forty-eight hours in one week:  

 Provided that-

(i) for the purpose of paragraph (1)(a), any break of less than thirty minutes in the five consecutive hours shall not break the continuity of that five consecutive hours; 

(ii) an employee who is engaged in work which must be carried on continuously and which requires his continual attendance may be required to work for eight consecutive hours inclusive of a period or periods of not less than forty-five minutes in the aggregate during which he shall have the opportunity to have a meal; and 

(iii) where, by agreement under the contract of service between the employee and the employer, the number of hours of work on one or more days of the week is less than eight, the limit of eight hours may be exceeded on the remaining days of the week, but so that no employee shall be required to work for more than nine hours in one day or forty-eight hours in one week.  

(1a) The Director General may, on the written application of an employer, grant permission to the employer to enter into a contract of service with any one or more of his employees, or with any class, category or description of his employees, requiring the employee or employees, or the class, category or description of employees, as the case may be, to work in excess of the limit of hours prescribed under paragraph (1)(a), (b), (c) and (d) but subject to such conditions, if any, as the Director General may deem proper to impose, if he is satisfied that there are special circumstances pertaining to the business or undertaking of the employer which renders it necessary or expedient to grant such permission:

Provided that the Director General may at any time revoke the approval given under this subsection if he has reason to believe that it is expedient to do so. 

(1b) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General under subsection (1a) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister. 

(1c) On an appeal made to him under subsection (1b) the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just, and such decision or order shall be final. 

(2) An employee may be required by his employer to exceed the limit of hours prescribed in subsection (1) and to work on a rest day, in the case of-

(a) accident, actual or threatened, in or with respect to his place of work; 

(b) work, the performance of which is essential to the life of the community; 

(c) work essential for the defence or security of Malaysia; 

(d) urgent work to be done to machinery or plant; 

(e) an interruption of work which it was impossible to foresee; or 

(f) work to be performed by employees in any industrial undertaking essential to the economy of Malaysia or any essential service as defined in the Industrial Relations Act 1967:

Provided that the Director General shall have the power to enquire into and decide whether or not the employer is justified in calling upon the employee to work in the circumstances specified in paragraphs (a) to (f).  

 

(3) (a) For any overtime work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work, the employee shall be paid at a rate not less than one and half times his hourly rate of pay irrespective of the basis on which his rate of pay is fixed. 

(b) In this section "overtime" means the number of hours of work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work per day:

Provided that if any work is carried out after the spread over period of ten hours, the whole period beginning from the time that the said spread over period ends up to the time that the employee ceases work for the day shall be deemed to be overtime. 

(c) For the purposes of this section, section 60, paragraph 60d(3)(a) and section 60i, "normal hours of work" means the number of hours of work as agreed between an employer and an employee in the contract of service to be the usual hours of work per day and such hours of work shall not exceed the limits of hours prescribed in subsection (1).  

 (4) (a) No employer shall require or permit an employee to work overtime exceeding such limit as may be prescribed by the Minister from time to time by regulations made under this Act, and the regulations so made may provide different limits for different classes, categories or descriptions of employees, and such regulations may also provide for such classes, categories or description of employees, as may be specified, to be excluded from their application:

Provided that any work carried out on a rest day, or any of the gazetted public holidays referred to in subsection 60d(1), or on any paid holiday substituted therefor under section 60d, shall not be construed as overtime work for the purposes of this subsection;

And provided further that the Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer or by an employee or a group of employees, permit any particular employee, or any group, class, category or description of employees in any particular industry, undertaking or establishment to work overtime in excess of the limit of hours so prescribed, subject to such conditions, if any, as he may deem proper to impose. 

(aa) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General made under paragraph (a) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister. 

(ab) In deciding any appeal made to him under paragraph (aa), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just and such decision or order shall be final. 

(b) For the purposes of the restriction on overtime under this subsection "overtime" shall have the meaning assigned thereto in paragraph (3)(b).  

 (5) (Omitted). 

(6) The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of calculating the payment due for overtime to an employee employed on piece rates. 

(7) Except in the circumstances described in paragraph(2)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), no employer shall require any employee under any circumstances to work for more than twelve hours in any one day. 

(8) This section shall not apply to employees engaged in work which by its nature involves long hours of inactive or stand-by employment. 

(9) For the purposes of this Part "hours of work" means the time during which an employee is at the disposal of the employer and is not free to dispose of his own time and movements.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60B.Task work

60B. Task work

Nothing contained in this Part shall prevent any employer from agreeing with any employee that the wages of such employee shall be paid at an agreed rate in accordance with the task, that is, the specific amount of work to be performed, and not by the day or by the piece.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 b . Task work

60b.   Task work

Nothing contained in this Part shall prevent any employer from agreeing with any employee that the wages of such employee shall be paid at an agreed rate in accordance with the task, that is, the specific amount of work to be performed, and not by the day or by the piece.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60C.Shift work

60C. Shift work

(1) Notwithstanding paragraph 60a(1)(b), (c) and (d), but subject to paragraph(1)(a) thereof, an employee who is engaged under his contract of service in shift work may be required by his employer to work more than eight hours in any one day or more than forty-eight hours in any one week but the average number of hours worked over any period of three weeks, or over any period exceeding three weeks as may be approved by the Director General, shall not exceed forty-eight per week.

(1AThe approval of the Director General in subsection(1) may be granted if the Director General is satisfied that there are special circumstances pertaining to the business or undertaking of the employer which render it necessary or expedient for him to grant the permission subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose.

(1BThe Director General may revoke the approval given under subsection (1a) at any time if he has reason to believe that it is expedient so to do.

(2) Except in the circumstances described in paragraph60a(2)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), no employer shall require any employee who is engaged under his contract of service in shift work to work for more than twelve hours in any one day.

(3) (Omitted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 c . Shift work

60c.   Shift work 

(1) Notwithstanding paragraph 60a(1)(b), (c) and (d), but subject to paragraph(1)(a) thereof, an employee who is engaged under his contract of service in shift work may be required by his employer to work more than eight hours in any one day or more than forty-eight hours in any one week but the average number of hours worked over any period of three weeks, or over any period exceeding three weeks as may be approved by the Director General, shall not exceed forty-eight per week. 

(1a) The approval of the Director General in subsection(1) may be granted if the Director General is satisfied that there are special circumstances pertaining to the business or undertaking of the employer which render it necessary or expedient for him to grant the permission subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose. 

(1b) The Director General may revoke the approval given under subsection (1a) at any time if he has reason to believe that it is expedient so to do. 

(2) Except in the circumstances described in paragraph60a(2)(a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), no employer shall require any employee who is engaged under his contract of service in shift work to work for more than twelve hours in any one day. 

(3) (Omitted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60D.Holidays

60D. Holidays

(1) Every employee shall be entitled to a paid holiday at his ordinary rate of pay on the following days in any one calendar year:

(a) on eleven of the gazetted public holidays, five of which shall be-- 

(i) the National Day; 

(ii) the Birthday of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong; 

(iii) the Birthday of the Ruler or the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, as the case may be, of the State in which the employee wholly or mainly works under his contract of service, or the Federal Territory Day, if the employee wholly or mainly works in the Federal Territory;  

(iv) the Workers' Day; and 

(v) Malaysia Day; and 

(b) on any day appointed as a public holiday for that particular year under section8 of the Holidays Act 1951 [Act 369

Provided that if any of the public holidays referred to in paragraphs(a) and (b)falls on--

(i) a rest day; or 

(ii) any other public holiday referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b)the working day following immediately the rest day or the other public holiday shall be a paid holiday in substitution of the first mentioned public holiday.

(1AThe employer shall exhibit conspicuously at the place of employment before the commencement of each calendar year a notice specifying the remaining six gazetted public holidays provided for in paragraph (1)(a) in respect of which his employees shall be entitled to paid holidays under paragraph(1)(a):

Provided that by agreement between the employer and an employee any other day or days may be substituted for one or more of the remaining six gazetted public holidays provided for in paragraph(1)(a):

And provided further that the employer may grant the employee any other day as a paid public holiday in substitution for any of the public holidays referred to in paragraph (1)(b).

(1BWhere any of the public holidays or any other day substituted therefor as provided in subsection (1) or (1a) falls within the period during which an employee is on sick leave or annual leave to which the employee is entitled under this Act, or falls during the period of temporary disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952, or under the Employees Social Security Act 1969, the employer shall grant another day as a paid holiday in substitution for such public holiday or the day substituted therefor.

(2) Any employee who absents himself from work on the working day immediately preceding or immediately succeeding a public holiday or two or more consecutive public holidays or any day or days substituted therefor under this section without the prior consent of his employer shall not be entitled to any holiday pay for such holiday or consecutive holidays unless he has a reasonable excuse for such absence.

(2AAn employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received his holiday pay if he receives from his employer his monthly wages, without abatement (other than as provided under subsection(2)) in respect of the holiday, for the month in which the holiday falls.

(3) (a) Notwithstanding subsections (1), (1a) and (1b), any employee may be required by his employer to work on any paid holiday to which he is entitled under the said subsections and in such event he shall, in addition to the holiday pay he is entitled to for that day-- 

(i) in the case of an employee employed on a monthly, weekly, daily, hourly, or other similar rate of pay, be paid two days' wages at the ordinary rate of pay; or 

(ii) in the case of an employee employed on piece rates, be paid twice the ordinary rate per piece, regardless that the period of work done on that day is less than the normal hours of work. 

(aa) For any overtime work carried out by an employee referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) in excess of the normal hours of work on a paid public holiday, the employee shall be paid at a rate which is not less than three times his hourly rate of pay. 

(aaa) For any overtime work carried out by an employee referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii) in excess of the normal hours of work on any paid holiday, the employee shall be paid not less than three times the ordinary rate per piece. 

(b) An employee who works on a holiday shall be entitled to a travelling allowance for that day if payable to him under the terms of his agreement with his employer but such employee shall not be entitled under this subsection to receive an increased rate of any housing allowance or food allowance. 

(4) For the purposes of this section if any such holiday falls on a half working day, the ordinary rate of pay payable shall be that of a full working day.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 d . Holidays

60d.   Holidays 

(1) Every employee shall be entitled to a paid holiday at his ordinary rate of pay on the following days in any one calendar year:

(a) on eleven of the gazetted public holidays, five of which shall be- 

(i) the National Day; 

(ii) the Birthday of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong; 

(iii) the Birthday of the Ruler or the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, as the case may be, of the State in which the employee wholly or mainly works under his contract of service, or the Federal Territory Day, if the employee wholly or mainly works in the Federal Territory; 

(iv) the Workers' Day; and 

(v) Malaysia Day; and 

(b) on any day appointed as a public holiday for that particular year under section8 of the Holidays Act 1951 [Act 369]  

 Provided that if any of the public holidays referred to in paragraphs(a) and (b)falls on-

(i) a rest day; or 

(ii) any other public holiday referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b),  the working day following immediately the rest day or the other public holiday shall be a paid holiday in substitution of the first mentioned public holiday. 

(1a) The employer shall exhibit conspicuously at the place of employment before the commencement of each calendar year a notice specifying the remaining six gazetted public holidays provided for in paragraph (1)(a) in respect of which his employees shall be entitled to paid holidays under paragraph(1)(a):

Provided that by agreement between the employer and an employee any other day or days may be substituted for one or more of the remaining six gazetted public holidays provided for in paragraph(1)(a):

And provided further that the employer may grant the employee any other day as a paid public holiday in substitution for any of the public holidays referred to in paragraph (1)(b). 

(1b) Where any of the public holidays or any other day substituted therefor as provided in subsection (1) or (1a) falls within the period during which an employee is on sick leave or annual leave to which the employee is entitled under this Act, or falls during the period of temporary disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952, or under the Employees Social Security Act 1969, the employer shall grant another day as a paid holiday in substitution for such public holiday or the day substituted therefor. 

(2) Any employee who absents himself from work on the working day immediately preceding or immediately succeeding a public holiday or two or more consecutive public holidays or any day or days substituted therefor under this section without the prior consent of his employer shall not be entitled to any holiday pay for such holiday or consecutive holidays unless he has a reasonable excuse for such absence. 

(2a) An employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received his holiday pay if he receives from his employer his monthly wages, without abatement (other than as provided under subsection(2)) in respect of the holiday, for the month in which the holiday falls. 

(3) (a) Notwithstanding subsections (1), (1a) and (1b), any employee may be required by his employer to work on any paid holiday to which he is entitled under the said subsections and in such event he shall, in addition to the holiday pay he is entitled to for that day- 

(i) in the case of an employee employed on a monthly, weekly, daily, hourly, or other similar rate of pay, be paid two days' wages at the ordinary rate of pay; or 

(ii) in the case of an employee employed on piece rates, be paid twice the ordinary rate per piece, regardless that the period of work done on that day is less than the normal hours of work. 

(aa) For any overtime work carried out by an employee referred to in subparagraph (a)(i) in excess of the normal hours of work on a paid public holiday, the employee shall be paid at a rate which is not less than three times his hourly rate of pay. 

(aaa) For any overtime work carried out by an employee referred to in subparagraph (a)(ii) in excess of the normal hours of work on any paid holiday, the employee shall be paid not less than three times the ordinary rate per piece. 

(b) An employee who works on a holiday shall be entitled to a travelling allowance for that day if payable to him under the terms of his agreement with his employer but such employee shall not be entitled under this subsection to receive an increased rate of any housing allowance or food allowance.  

 (4) For the purposes of this section if any such holiday falls on a half working day, the ordinary rate of pay payable shall be that of a full working day.

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60E.Annual leave

60E. Annual leave

(1) An employee shall be entitled to paid annual leave of--

(a) eight days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of less than two years; 

(b) twelve days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of two years or more but less than five years; and 

(c) sixteen days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of five years or more, and if he has not completed twelve months of continuous service with the same employer during the year in which his contract of service terminates, his entitlement to paid annual leave shall be in direct proportion to the number of completed months of service:

Provided that any fraction of a day of annual leave so calculated which is less than one-half of a day shall be disregarded, and where the fraction of a day is one-half or more it shall be deemed to be one day;

And provided further that where an employee absents himself from work without the permission of his employer and without reasonable excuse for more than ten per centum of the working days during the twelve months of continuous service in respect of which his entitlement to such leave accrues he shall not be entitled to such leave.

(1AThe paid annual leave to which an employee is entitled under subsection (1) shall be in addition to rest days and paid holidays.

(1BWhere an employee who is on paid annual leave becomes entitled to sick leave or maternity leave while on such annual leave, the employee shall be granted the sick leave or the maternity leave, as the case may be, and the annual leave shall be deemed to have not been taken in respect of the days for which sick leave or maternity leave is so granted.

(2) The employer shall grant and the employee shall take such leave not later than twelve months after the end of every twelve months continuous service and any employee who fails to take such leave at the end of such period shall thereupon cease to be entitled thereto:

Provided that an employee shall be entitled to payment in lieu of such annual leave if, at the request of his employer, he agrees in writing not to avail himself of any or all of his annual leave entitlement.

(2ANotwithstanding subsection (2), upon the termination of an employee's contract of service, the employee shall be entitled to take before such termination takes place the paid annual leave due to be taken in the year in which the termination takes place in respect of the twelve months of service preceding the year in which the termination takes place, and, in addition, the leave accrued in respect of the completed months of service during the year in which the termination takes place.

(3) The employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay for every day of paid annual leave, and an employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received the annual leave pay if he receives his monthly wages, without abatement in respect of such annual leave, for the month in which he takes such annual leave.

(3AIf the contract of service has been terminated by either party before an employee has taken the paid annual leave to which he is entitled under this section, the employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay in respect of every day of such leave:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply where an employee is dismissed under paragraph 14(1)(a).

(3BWhere an employee is granted leave of absence without pay by his employer during any period of twelve months and the period of absence exceeds in the aggregate thirty days, that period of leave of absence shall be disregarded for the purpose of computing his length of service with the employer under this section.

(4) The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, fix the periods when and prescribe the manner in which annual leave shall be granted to employees in different types of employment or in different classes of industries.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 e . Annual leave

60e.   Annual leave 

(1) An employee shall be entitled to paid annual leave of-

(a) eight days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of less than two years; 

(b) twelve days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of two years or more but less than five years; and 

(c) sixteen days for every twelve months of continuous service with the same employer if he has been employed by that employer for a period of five years or more, and if he has not completed twelve months of continuous service with the same employer during the year in which his contract of service terminates, his entitlement to paid annual leave shall be in direct proportion to the number of completed months of service:

Provided that any fraction of a day of annual leave so calculated which is less than one-half of a day shall be disregarded, and where the fraction of a day is one-half or more it shall be deemed to be one day;

And provided further that where an employee absents himself from work without the permission of his employer and without reasonable excuse for more than ten per centum of the working days during the twelve months of continuous service in respect of which his entitlement to such leave accrues he shall not be entitled to such leave. 

(1a) The paid annual leave to which an employee is entitled under subsection (1) shall be in addition to rest days and paid holidays. 

(1b) Where an employee who is on paid annual leave becomes entitled to sick leave or maternity leave while on such annual leave, the employee shall be granted the sick leave or the maternity leave, as the case may be, and the annual leave shall be deemed to have not been taken in respect of the days for which sick leave or maternity leave is so granted. 

(2) The employer shall grant and the employee shall take such leave not later than twelve months after the end of every twelve months continuous service and any employee who fails to take such leave at the end of such period shall thereupon cease to be entitled thereto:

Provided that an employee shall be entitled to payment in lieu of such annual leave if, at the request of his employer, he agrees in writing not to avail himself of any or all of his annual leave entitlement. 

(2a) Notwithstanding subsection (2), upon the termination of an employee's contract of service, the employee shall be entitled to take before such termination takes place the paid annual leave due to be taken in the year in which the termination takes place in respect of the twelve months of service preceding the year in which the termination takes place, and, in addition, the leave accrued in respect of the completed months of service during the year in which the termination takes place. 

(3) The employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay for every day of paid annual leave, and an employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received the annual leave pay if he receives his monthly wages, without abatement in respect of such annual leave, for the month in which he takes such annual leave. 

(3a) If the contract of service has been terminated by either party before an employee has taken the paid annual leave to which he is entitled under this section, the employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay in respect of every day of such leave:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply where an employee is dismissed under paragraph 14(1)(a). 

(3b) Where an employee is granted leave of absence without pay by his employer during any period of twelve months and the period of absence exceeds in the aggregate thirty days, that period of leave of absence shall be disregarded for the purpose of computing his length of service with the employer under this section. 

(4) The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, fix the periods when and prescribe the manner in which annual leave shall be granted to employees in different types of employment or in different classes of industries.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60F.Sick leave

60F. Sick leave

(1) An employee shall, after examination at the expense of the employer--

(a) by a registered medical practitioner duly appointed by the employer; or 

(b) if no such medical practitioner is appointed or, if having regard to the nature or circumstances of the illness, the services of the medical practitioner so appointed are not obtainable within a reasonable time or distance, by any other registered medical practitioner or by a medical officer, be entitled to paid sick leave,--

(aa) where no hospitalization is necessary,-- 

(i) of fourteen days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for less than two years; 

(ii) of eighteen days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for two years or more but less than five years; 

(iii) of twenty-two days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for five years or more; or 

(bb) of sixty days in the aggregate in each calendar year if hospitalization is necessary, as may be certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer:

Provided that the total number of days of paid sick leave in a calender year which an employee is entitled to under this section shall be sixty days in the aggregate;

And provided further that if an employee is certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer to be ill enough to need to be hospitalized but is not hospitalized for any reason whatsoever, the employee shall be deemed to be hospitalized for the purposes of this section. 

(1AAn employee shall also be entitled to paid sick leave under paragraphs (1)(aa) and (bb) after examination by a dental surgeon as defined in the Dental Act 1971 [Act 51]:

Provided that the entitlement for such sick leave shall be inclusive of the number of days provided for under paragraphs (1)(aa) and (bb).

(2) An employee who absents himself on sick leave--

(a) which is not certified by a registered medical practitioner or a medical officer as provided under subsection (1) or a dental surgeon as provided under subsection(1a); or 

(b) which is certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer or dental surgeon, but without informing or attempting to inform his employer of such sick leave within forty-eight hours of the commencement thereof, shall be deemed to absent himself from work without the permission of his employer and without reasonable excuse for the days on which he is so absent from work.

(3) The employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay for every day of such sick leave, and an employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received his sick leave pay if he receives from his employer his monthly wages, without abatement in respect of the days on which he was on sick leave, for the month during which he was on such sick leave.

(4) No employee shall be entitled to paid sick leave for the period during which the employee is entitled to maternity allowance under Part IX, or for any period during which he is receiving any compensation for disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952, or any periodical payments for temporary disablement under the Employees Social Security Act 1969.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 f . Sick leave

60f.   Sick leave 

(1) An employee shall, after examination at the expense of the employer-

(a) by a registered medical practitioner duly appointed by the employer; or 

(b) if no such medical practitioner is appointed or, if having regard to the nature or circumstances of the illness, the services of the medical practitioner so appointed are not obtainable within a reasonable time or distance, by any other registered medical practitioner or by a medical officer, be entitled to paid sick leave,-

(aa) where no hospitalization is necessary,- 

(i) of fourteen days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for less than two years; 

(ii) of eighteen days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for two years or more but less than five years; 

(iii) of twenty-two days in the aggregate in each calendar year if the employee has been employed for five years or more; or 

(bb) of sixty days in the aggregate in each calendar year if hospitalization is necessary, as may be certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer:

Provided that the total number of days of paid sick leave in a calender year which an employee is entitled to under this section shall be sixty days in the aggregate;

And provided further that if an employee is certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer to be ill enough to need to be hospitalized but is not hospitalized for any reason whatsoever, the employee shall be deemed to be hospitalized for the purposes of this section.  

 (1a) An employee shall also be entitled to paid sick leave under paragraphs (1)(aa) and (bb) after examination by a dental surgeon as defined in the Dental Act 1971 [Act 51]:

Provided that the entitlement for such sick leave shall be inclusive of the number of days provided for under paragraphs (1)(aa) and (bb). 

(2) An employee who absents himself on sick leave-

(a) which is not certified by a registered medical practitioner or a medical officer as provided under subsection (1) or a dental surgeon as provided under subsection(1a); or 

(b) which is certified by such registered medical practitioner or medical officer or dental surgeon, but without informing or attempting to inform his employer of such sick leave within forty-eight hours of the commencement thereof, shall be deemed to absent himself from work without the permission of his employer and without reasonable excuse for the days on which he is so absent from work. 

(3) The employer shall pay the employee his ordinary rate of pay for every day of such sick leave, and an employee on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received his sick leave pay if he receives from his employer his monthly wages, without abatement in respect of the days on which he was on sick leave, for the month during which he was on such sick leave. 

(4) No employee shall be entitled to paid sick leave for the period during which the employee is entitled to maternity allowance under Part IX, or for any period during which he is receiving any compensation for disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952, or any periodical payments for temporary disablement under the Employees Social Security Act 1969.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60G.Omitted or Deleted Section

60G. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 g . Omitted or Deleted Section

60g.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60H.Omitted or Deleted Section

60H. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 h . Omitted or Deleted Section

60h.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60I.Interpretation

60I. Interpretation

(1) For the purposes of this Part and Part IX--

(a) "ordinary rate of pay" means wages as defined in section2, whether calculated by the month, the week, the day, the hour, or by piece rate, or otherwise, which an employee is entitled to receive under the terms of his contract of service for the normal hours of work for one day, but does not include any payment made under an approved incentive payment scheme or any payment for work done on a rest day or on any gazetted public holiday granted by the employer under the contract of service or any day substituted for the gazetted public holiday; and 

(b) "hourly rate of pay" means the ordinary rate of pay divided by the normal hours of work. 

(1AWhere an employee is employed on a monthly rate of pay, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated according to the following formula: 

monthly rate of pay ÷ 26

(1BWhere an employee is employed on a weekly rate of pay, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated according to the following formula:

weekly rate of pay ÷ 6

(1CWhere an employee is employed on a daily or an hourly rate of pay or on piece rates, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated by dividing the total wages earned by the employee during the preceding wage period (excluding any payment made under an approved incentive payment scheme or for work done on any rest day, any gazetted public holiday granted by the employer under the contract of service or any day substituted for the gazetted public holiday) by the actual number of days the employee had worked during that wage period (excluding any rest day, any gazetted public holiday or any paid holiday substituted for the gazetted public holiday).

(1DFor the purposes of payment of sick leave under section 60f, the calculation of the ordinary rate of pay of an employee employed on a daily or an hourly rate of pay or on piece rates under subsection (1c) shall take account only of the basic pay the employee receives or the rate per piece he is paid for work done in a day under the contract of service.

(2) An employer may adopt any method or formula other than the method or formula in subsection (1a), (1b) or (1c) for calculating the ordinary rate of pay of an employee; but the adoption of any other method or formula shall not result in a rate which is less than any of the rates provided in the subsections.

(3) For the purpose of this section, the Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer, approve in writing any incentive payment scheme as an approved incentive payment scheme.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60 i . Interpretation

60i.   Interpretation 

(1) For the purposes of this Part and Part IX-

(a) "ordinary rate of pay" means wages as defined in section2, whether calculated by the month, the week, the day, the hour, or by piece rate, or otherwise, which an employee is entitled to receive under the terms of his contract of service for the normal hours of work for one day, but does not include any payment made under an approved incentive payment scheme or any payment for work done on a rest day or on any gazetted public holiday granted by the employer under the contract of service or any day substituted for the gazetted public holiday; and 

(b) "hourly rate of pay" means the ordinary rate of pay divided by the normal hours of work.  

 (1a) Where an employee is employed on a monthly rate of pay, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated according to the following formula: 

monthly rate of pay 26 

(1b) Where an employee is employed on a weekly rate of pay, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated according to the following formula: 

weekly rate of pay 6 

(1c) Where an employee is employed on a daily or an hourly rate of pay or on piece rates, the ordinary rate of pay shall be calculated by dividing the total wages earned by the employee during the preceding wage period (excluding any payment made under an approved incentive payment scheme or for work done on any rest day, any gazetted public holiday granted by the employer under the contract of service or any day substituted for the gazetted public holiday) by the actual number of days the employee had worked during that wage period (excluding any rest day, any gazetted public holiday or any paid holiday substituted for the gazetted public holiday). 

(1d) For the purposes of payment of sick leave under section 60f, the calculation of the ordinary rate of pay of an employee employed on a daily or an hourly rate of pay or on piece rates under subsection (1c) shall take account only of the basic pay the employee receives or the rate per piece he is paid for work done in a day under the contract of service. 

(2) An employer may adopt any method or formula other than the method or formula in subsection (1a), (1b) or (1c) for calculating the ordinary rate of pay of an employee; but the adoption of any other method or formula shall not result in a rate which is less than any of the rates provided in the subsections. 

(3) For the purpose of this section, the Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer, approve in writing any incentive payment scheme as an approved incentive payment scheme.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60J.Termination, lay-off and retirement benefits

Part XIIa TERMINATION, LAY-OFF, AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS

60J. Termination, lay-off and retirement benefits

(1) The Minister may, by regulations made under this Act, provide for the entitlement of employees to, and for the payment by employers of--

(a) termination benefits; 

(b) lay-off benefits; 

(c) retirement benefits. 

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations made by virtue of subsection(1) may provide--

(a) for the definition of the expression "termination benefits", "lay-off benefits", or "retirement benefits", as the case may be, and for the circumstances in which the same shall be payable; 

(b) for the application thereof to employees who were in employment under a contract of service immediately before the commencement of such regulations and who continue in such employment after the commencement thereof; 

(c) for the application thereof to all employees generally or to any particular class, category or description of employees; 

(d) for the exclusion from the application thereof of any particular employee or employees, or any class, category or description of employees; 

(e) for the payment of different rates or amounts of termination benefits, lay-off benefits, or retirement benefits, as the case may be, to different classes, categories or descriptions of employees. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60K.Duty to furnish information and returns

Part XIIb EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN EMPLOYEES

60K. Duty to furnish information and returns

(1) An employer who employs a foreign employee shall, within fourteen days of the employment, furnish the Director General with the particulars of the foreign employee by forwarding the particulars to the nearest office of the Director General in such manner as may be determined by the Director General.

(2) An employer or any specified class or classes of employers, whenever required to do so by the Director General, shall furnish returns of particulars relating to the employment of a foreign employee in such manner and at such intervals as the Director General may direct.

(3) If the service of a foreign employee is terminated--

(a) by the employer; 

(b) by the foreign employee; 

(c) upon the expiry of the employment pass issued by the Immigration Department of Malaysia to the foreign employee; or 

(d) by the repatriation or deportation of the foreign employee, the employer shall, within thirty days of the termination of service, inform the Director General of the termination in a manner as may be determined by the Director General.

(4) For the purpose of paragraph (3)(b), the termination of service by a foreign employee includes the act of the foreign employee absconding from his place of employment.

(5) An employer who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60L.Director General may inquire into complaint

60L. Director General may inquire into complaint

(1) The Director General may inquire into any complaint from a local employee that he is being discriminated against in relation to a foreign employee, or from a foreign employee that he is being discriminated against in relation to a local employee, by his employer in respect of the terms and conditions of his employment; and the Director General may issue to the employer such directives as may be necessary or expedient to resolve the matter.

(2) An employer who fails to comply with any directive of the Director General issued under subsection (1) commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60M.Prohibition on termination of local for foreign employee

60M. Prohibition on termination of local for foreign employee

No employer shall terminate the contract of service of a local employee for the purpose of employing a foreign employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60N.Termination of employment by reason of redundancy

60N. Termination of employment by reason of redundancy

Where an employer is required to reduce his workforce by reason of redundancy necessitating the retrenchment of any number of employees, the employer shall not terminate the services of a local employee unless he has first terminated the services of all foreign employees employed by him in a capacity similar to that of the local employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60O.Permanent resident exempted from this Part

60O. Permanent resident exempted from this Part

For the purposes of this Part, the term "foreign employee" shall not include a foreign employee who is a permanent resident of Malaysia

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/61.Duty to keep registers

Part XIII REGISTERS, RETURNS AND NOTICE BOARDS

61. Duty to keep registers

(1) Every employer shall prepare and keep one or more registers containing such information regarding each employee employed by him as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act.

(2) Every such register shall be preserved for such period that every particular recorded therein shall be available for inspection for not less than six years after the recording thereof.

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), the Director General, on a written application by an employer, may permit the employer to keep the information required under subsection (1) in any other manner as may be approved by the Director General subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 61. Duty to keep registers

61.   Duty to keep registers

(1) Every employer shall prepare and keep one or more registers containing such information regarding each employee employed by him as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act. 

(2) Every such register shall be preserved for such period that every particular recorded therein shall be available for inspection for not less than six years after the recording thereof. 

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), the Director General, on a written application by an employer, may permit the employer to keep the information required under subsection (1) in any other manner as may be approved by the Director General subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/62.Power to make regulations requiring information as to wages

62. Power to make regulations requiring information as to wages

The Minister may, by regulations made under this Act, provide that every employer or any specified class or classes of employers shall make available, in such form and at such intervals as may be prescribed, to every employee employed by him or them or to such class or classes of employees as may be specified such particulars as may be specified relating to the wages of such employees or any of them

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 62. Power to make regulations requiring information as to wages

62.   Power to make regulations requiring information as to wages

The Minister may, by regulations made under this Act, provide that every employer or any specified class or classes of employers shall make available, in such form and at such intervals as may be prescribed, to every employee employed by him or them or to such class or classes of employees as may be specified such particulars as may be specified relating to the wages of such employees or any of them.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/63.Duty to submit returns

63. Duty to submit returns

(1) The Director General may, by notification in the Gazette or by notice in writing require every employer or such class or classes of employers as may be specified, and every owner or occupier of land upon which employees are employed or such class or classes of owners or occupiers as may be specified, to forward to the Director General at such times as he may direct a return or returns, in such form or forms as he may prescribe, giving such particulars relating to the employees of the employers, or to the employees employed on the land, as may be prescribed.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the powers of the Director General under subsection (1) extends to every employee employed under a contract of service irrespective of the monthly wages of the employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 63. Duty to submit returns

63.   Duty to submit returns 

(1) The Director General may, by notification in the Gazette or by notice in writing require every employer or such class or classes of employers as may be specified, and every owner or occupier of land upon which employees are employed or such class or classes of owners or occupiers as may be specified, to forward to the Director General at such times as he may direct a return or returns, in such form or forms as he may prescribe, giving such particulars relating to the employees of the employers, or to the employees employed on the land, as may be prescribed. 

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the powers of the Director General under subsection (1) extends to every employee employed under a contract of service irrespective of the monthly wages of the employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/63A.Duty to give notice and other information

63A. Duty to give notice and other information

(1) Any person or employer who proposes--

(a) to operate any agricultural or industrial undertaking or any establishment where any commerce, trade, profession or business of any description is carried on; or 

(b) to take over or commence business in such undertaking or establishment, or 

(c) to change the name or the location of such undertaking or establishment, in which any employee is employed or is likely to be employed shall, within ninety days of such commencing of operation, taking over or commencing of business, or changing the name or the location of the undertaking or establishment, as the case may be, give notice in writing thereof to the nearest office of the Director of Labour having jurisdiction for the area in which that undertaking or establishment is located and furnish such office of the Director of Labour with--

(i) the registered name, address and nature of business of; 

(ii) the name of the manager or person in charge of; and 

(iii) a statement of the categories and total number of employees employed in, that undertaking or establishment.

(1AFor the purposes of this section the expressions "commencing of operation" and "commencing of business" each means the date on which the undertaking or establishment is registered under any written law, or the date on which the first employee is employed in furtherance of the operation, commerce, trade or business of such undertaking or establishment, whichever is earlier.

(2) Where any undertaking or establishment as is referred to in subsection (1) is already in operation or has commenced business, such notice shall be given within ninety days of the coming into force of this section.

(3) Any person or employer who fails to give notice as required by this section or gives such notice containing any false particulars commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 63 a . Duty to give notice and other information

63a.   Duty to give notice and other information 

(1) Any person or employer who proposes-

(a) to operate any agricultural or industrial undertaking or any establishment where any commerce, trade, profession or business of any description is carried on; or 

(b) to take over or commence business in such undertaking or establishment, or 

(c) to change the name or the location of such undertaking or establishment, in which any employee is employed or is likely to be employed shall, within ninety days of such commencing of operation, taking over or commencing of business, or changing the name or the location of the undertaking or establishment, as the case may be, give notice in writing thereof to the nearest office of the Director of Labour having jurisdiction for the area in which that undertaking or establishment is located and furnish such office of the Director of Labour with-

(i) the registered name, address and nature of business of; 

(ii) the name of the manager or person in charge of; and 

(iii) a statement of the categories and total number of employees employed in, that undertaking or establishment. 

(1a) For the purposes of this section the expressions "commencing of operation" and "commencing of business" each means the date on which the undertaking or establishment is registered under any written law, or the date on which the first employee is employed in furtherance of the operation, commerce, trade or business of such undertaking or establishment, whichever is earlier. 

(2) Where any undertaking or establishment as is referred to in subsection (1) is already in operation or has commenced business, such notice shall be given within ninety days of the coming into force of this section. 

(3) Any person or employer who fails to give notice as required by this section or gives such notice containing any false particulars commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/64.Duty to display notice boards

64. Duty to display notice boards

The owner of any--

(a) estate of twenty hectares or more; 

(b) mine; 

(c) factory; 

(d) trade, business or manufacturing activity carried on in any premises, on or in which not less than five employees are employed shall, if such estate, mine, factory or premises is outside the limits of a City, Municipality, Town Council, Town Board or other local authority, cause to be erected where practicable in a conspicuous place at or adjacent to the place where the access road to such estate, mine, factory or premises joins the main road or a railway or river, as the case may be, a notice board on which shall be set out in the national language the name of such estate, mine, factory, trade, business or manufacturing activity and the address of the registered or other office thereof

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 64. Duty to display notice boards

64.   Duty to display notice boards

The owner of any-

(a) estate of twenty hectares or more; 

(b) mine; 

(c) factory; 

(d) trade, business or manufacturing activity carried on in any premises, on or in which not less than five employees are employed shall, if such estate, mine, factory or premises is outside the limits of a City, Municipality, Town Council, Town Board or other local authority, cause to be erected where practicable in a conspicuous place at or adjacent to the place where the access road to such estate, mine, factory or premises joins the main road or a railway or river, as the case may be, a notice board on which shall be set out in the national language the name of such estate, mine, factory, trade, business or manufacturing activity and the address of the registered or other office thereof

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/65.Powers of inspection and inquiry

Part XIV INSPECTION

65. Powers of inspection and inquiry

The Director General shall have power to enter without previous notice at all times any place of employment where he has reasonable grounds for believing that employees are employed and to inspect any building occupied or used for any purpose connected with such employment and to make any inquiry which he considers necessary in relation to any matter within the provisions of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 65. Powers of inspection and inquiry

65.   Powers of inspection and inquiry

The Director General shall have power to enter without previous notice at all times any place of employment where he has reasonable grounds for believing that employees are employed and to inspect any building occupied or used for any purpose connected with such employment and to make any inquiry which he considers necessary in relation to any matter within the provisions of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/66.Inspecting officer to notify presence

66. Inspecting officer to notify presence

On the occasion of any inspection under this Part the Director General shall where practicable notify the owner or occupier of the place of employment, and the employer of any employees employed thereat, of his presence unless he has reasonable grounds for believing that such notification might be prejudicial to the performance of his duties.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 66. Inspecting officer to notify presence

66.   Inspecting officer to notify presence

On the occasion of any inspection under this Part the Director General shall where practicable notify the owner or occupier of the place of employment, and the employer of any employees employed thereat, of his presence unless he has reasonable grounds for believing that such notification might be prejudicial to the performance of his duties.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/67.Powers of inspecting officers

67. Powers of inspecting officers

(1) In the course of an inspection under this Part--

(a) the Director General may examine orally any person whom he believes to be acquainted with the facts and circumstances of any matter within the provisions of this Act; 

(b) the person so examined shall be legally bound to answer truthfully all questions put to him; 

(c) the Director General examining a person under paragraph(a)shall first inform that person of the provisions of paragraph (b); 

(d) a statement made by a person under this section shall, whenever possible, be reduced into writing and signed by the person making it or affixed with his thumb print, as the case may be, after it has been read to him in the language in which he made it and after he has been given ??an opportunity to make any correction he may wish; and 

(e) any statement made and recorded under this section shall be admissible as evidence in any proceedings in Court. 

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a person examined under that subsection may refuse to answer any question the answer to which would have a tendency to expose him to a criminal charge or penalty or forfeiture.

(3) The Director General, in addition to the powers conferred on him under subsection (1), may--

(a) require the employer to produce before him all or any of the employees employed by him together with any contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment and to answer such questions in respect of the employees or their employment as he may think fit to ask; 

(b) copy or make extracts from the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment; 

(c) take possession of the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment where, in his opinion-- 

(i) the inspection, copying or the making of extracts from the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents cannot reasonably be undertaken without taking possession of them; 

(ii) the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents may be interfered with or destroyed unless he takes possession of them; or 

(iii) the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents may be needed as evidence in any legal proceedings under this Act. 

(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3)(a), no employee shall be required to leave or to cease from performing any work on which he is engaged if his absence or cessation from such work would endanger life or property or seriously disrupt any operation being carried on by his employer.

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 67. Powers of inspecting officers

67.   Powers of inspecting officers 

(1) In the course of an inspection under this Part-

(a) the Director General may examine orally any person whom he believes to be acquainted with the facts and circumstances of any matter within the provisions of this Act; 

(b) the person so examined shall be legally bound to answer truthfully all questions put to him; 

(c) the Director General examining a person under paragraph(a)shall first inform that person of the provisions of paragraph (b); 

(d) a statement made by a person under this section shall, whenever possible, be reduced into writing and signed by the person making it or affixed with his thumb print, as the case may be, after it has been read to him in the language in which he made it and after he has been given ??an opportunity to make any correction he may wish; and 

(e) any statement made and recorded under this section shall be admissible as evidence in any proceedings in Court.  

 (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a person examined under that subsection may refuse to answer any question the answer to which would have a tendency to expose him to a criminal charge or penalty or forfeiture. 

(3) The Director General, in addition to the powers conferred on him under subsection (1), may-

(a) require the employer to produce before him all or any of the employees employed by him together with any contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment and to answer such questions in respect of the employees or their employment as he may think fit to ask; 

(b) copy or make extracts from the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment; 

(c) take possession of the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers and other documents relating to the employees or their employment where, in his opinion- 

(i) the inspection, copying or the making of extracts from the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents cannot reasonably be undertaken without taking possession of them; 

(ii) the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents may be interfered with or destroyed unless he takes possession of them; or 

(iii) the contracts of service, books of account of wages, registers or other documents may be needed as evidence in any legal proceedings under this Act. 

(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3)(a), no employee shall be required to leave or to cease from performing any work on which he is engaged if his absence or cessation from such work would endanger life or property or seriously disrupt any operation being carried on by his employer

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/68.Officers to be authorized by the Director General

68. Officers to be authorized by the Director General

An officer appointed under subsection 3(2) shall not exercise any of the powers of the Director General under this Part unless he is in possession of an official identification card signed by the Director General authorizing him to exercise such powers, and any officer so authorized shall produce his official identification card on demand to the owner or occupier of the place of employment and to the employer of any employees employed thereat.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 68. Officers to be authorized by the Director General

68.   Officers to be authorized by the Director General

An officer appointed under subsection 3(2) shall not exercise any of the powers of the Director General under this Part unless he is in possession of an official identification card signed by the Director General authorizing him to exercise such powers, and any officer so authorized shall produce his official identification card on demand to the owner or occupier of the place of employment and to the employer of any employees employed thereat.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69.Director General's power to inquire into complaints

Part XV COMPLAINTS AND INQUIRES

69. Director General's power to inquire into complaints

(1) The Director General may inquire into and decide any dispute between an employee and his employer in respect of wages or any other payments in cash due to such employee under--

(a) any term of the contract of service between such employee and his employer; 

(b) any of the provisions of this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder; or 

(c) the provisions of the Wages Councils Act 1947 [Act 195] or any order made thereunder, and, in pursuance of such decision, may make an order in the prescribed form for the payment by the employer of such sum of  money as he deems just without limitation of the amount thereof.

(2) The powers of the Director General under subsection(1) shall include the power to hear and decide, in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Part, any claim by--

(i) an employee against any person liable under section 33; 

(ii) a contractor for labour against a contractor or sub-contractor for any sum which the contractor for labour claims to be due to him in respect of any labour provided by him under his contract with the contractor or sub-contractor; or 

(iii) an employer against his employee in respect of indemnity due to such employer under subsection 13(1), and to make such consequential orders as may be necessary to give effect to his decision.

(3) In addition to the powers conferred by subsections (1) and (2), the Director General may inquire into and confirm or set aside any decision made by an employer under subsection 14(1) and the Director General may make such consequential orders as may be necessary to give effect to his decision:

Provided that if the decision of the employer under paragraph 14(1)(a) is set aside, the consequential order of the Director General against such employer shall be confined to payment of indemnity in lieu of notice and other payments that the employee is entitled to as if no misconduct was committed by the employee:

Provided further that the Director General shall not set aside any decision made by an employer under paragraph 14(1)(c) if such decision has not resulted in any loss in wages or other payments payable to the employee under his contract of service:

And provided further that the Director General shall not exercise the power conferred by this subsection unless the employee has made a complaint to him under the provisions of this Part within sixty days from the date on which the decision under section 14 is communicated to him either orally or in writing by his employer.

(3AAn order made by the Director General for the payment of money under this section shall carry interest at the rate of eight per centum per annum, or at such other rate not exceeding eight per centum per annum as the Director General may direct, the interest to be calculated commencing on the thirty-first day from the date of the making of the order until the day the order is satisfied:

Provided that the Director General, on an application by an employer made within thirty days from the date of the making of the order, if he is satisfied that special circumstances exist, may determine any other date from which the interest is to be calculated.

(4) Any person who fails to comply with any decision or order of the Director General made under this section commits an offence and shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit; and shall also, in the case of a continuing offence, be liable to a daily fine not exceeding one hundred ringgit for each day the offence continues after conviction.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69. Director General's power to inquire into complaints

69.   Director General's power to inquire into complaints 

(1) The Director General may inquire into and decide any dispute between an employee and his employer in respect of wages or any other payments in cash due to such employee under-

(a) any term of the contract of service between such employee and his employer; 

(b) any of the provisions of this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder; or 

(c) the provisions of the Wages Councils Act 1947 [Act 195] or any order made thereunder, and, in pursuance of such decision, may make an order in the prescribed form for the payment by the employer of such sum of money as he deems just without limitation of the amount thereof. 

(2) The powers of the Director General under subsection(1) shall include the power to hear and decide, in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Part, any claim by-

(i) an employee against any person liable under section 33; 

(ii) a contractor for labour against a contractor or sub-contractor for any sum which the contractor for labour claims to be due to him in respect of any labour provided by him under his contract with the contractor or sub-contractor; or 

(iii) an employer against his employee in respect of indemnity due to such employer under subsection 13(1), and to make such consequential orders as may be necessary to give effect to his decision. 

(3) In addition to the powers conferred by subsections (1) and (2), the Director General may inquire into and confirm or set aside any decision made by an employer under subsection 14(1) and the Director General may make such consequential orders as may be necessary to give effect to his decision:

Provided that if the decision of the employer under paragraph 14(1)(a) is set aside, the consequential order of the Director General against such employer shall be confined to payment of indemnity in lieu of notice and other payments that the employee is entitled to as if no misconduct was committed by the employee:

Provided further that the Director General shall not set aside any decision made by an employer under paragraph 14(1)(c) if such decision has not resulted in any loss in wages or other payments payable to the employee under his contract of service:

And provided further that the Director General shall not exercise the power conferred by this subsection unless the employee has made a complaint to him under the provisions of this Part within sixty days from the date on which the decision under section 14 is communicated to him either orally or in writing by his employer. 

(3a) An order made by the Director General for the payment of money under this section shall carry interest at the rate of eight per centum per annum, or at such other rate not exceeding eight per centum per annum as the Director General may direct, the interest to be calculated commencing on the thirty-first day from the date of the making of the order until the day the order is satisfied:

Provided that the Director General, on an application by an employer made within thirty days from the date of the making of the order, if he is satisfied that special circumstances exist, may determine any other date from which the interest is to be calculated. 

(4) Any person who fails to comply with any decision or order of the Director General made under this section commits an offence and shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit; and shall also, in the case of a continuing offence, be liable to a daily fine not exceeding one hundred ringgit for each day the offence continues after conviction.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69A.Limitation on power conferred by section 69

69A. Limitation on power conferred by section 69

Notwithstanding section 69, the Director General shall not inquire into, hear, decide or make any order in respect of any claim, dispute or purported dispute which, in accordance with the Industrial Relations Act 1967--

(a) is pending in any inquiry or proceedings under that Act; 

(b) has been decided upon by the Minister under subsection20(3) of that Act; or 

(c) has been referred to, or is pending in any proceedings before, the Industrial Court. 

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69 a . Limitation on power conferred by section 69

69a.   Limitation on power conferred by section 69

Notwithstanding section 69, the Director General shall not inquire into, hear, decide or make any order in respect of any claim, dispute or purported dispute which, in accordance with the Industrial Relations Act 1967-

(a) is pending in any inquiry or proceedings under that Act; 

(b) has been decided upon by the Minister under subsection20(3) of that Act; or 

(c) has been referred to, or is pending in any proceedings before, the Industrial Court.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69B.Additional powers of Director General to inquire into complaints

69B. Additional powers of Director General to inquire into complaints

(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the powers of the Director General under paragraph69(1)(a) shall extend to employees whose wages per month exceed 2,000 ringgit but does not exceed 5,000 ringgit.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the term "wages" means wages as defined in section 2 but does not include any payment by way of commission, subsistence allowance or overtime payment.

(3) Save for Parts XV and XVI which shall apply with the necessary modifications, the other provisions of this Act shall not apply to the employees referred to in subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69 b . Additional powers of Director General to inquire into complaints

69b.   Additional powers of Director General to inquire into complaints 

(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the powers of the Director General under paragraph69(1)(a) shall extend to employees whose wages per month exceed 2,000 ringgit but does not exceed 5,000 ringgit. 

(2) For the purposes of this section, the term "wages" means wages as defined in section 2 but does not include any payment by way of commission, subsistence allowance or overtime payment. 

(3) Save for Parts XV and XVI which shall apply with the necessary modifications, the other provisions of this Act shall not apply to the employees referred to in subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69C.Claims for indemnity for termination of contract without notice

69C. Claims for indemnity for termination of contract without notice

(1) In the exercise of his powers under subsection 69b(1), the Director General may inquire into and decide any claim concerning any indemnity due to the employer or employee where the contract of service is terminated by either party without notice, or if notice was given, without waiting for the expiry of that notice.

(2) The indemnity due to the employer or employee under subsection(1) shall be a sum equal to the amount of wages which would have accrued to the employee during the term of the notice or during the unexpired term of the notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69 c . Claims for indemnity for termination of contract without notice

69c.   Claims for indemnity for termination of contract without notice 

(1) In the exercise of his powers under subsection 69b(1), the Director General may inquire into and decide any claim concerning any indemnity due to the employer or employee where the contract of service is terminated by either party without notice, or if notice was given, without waiting for the expiry of that notice. 

(2) The indemnity due to the employer or employee under subsection(1) shall be a sum equal to the amount of wages which would have accrued to the employee during the term of the notice or during the unexpired term of the notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69D.Order of Director General may be in writing

69D. Order of Director General may be in writing

Notwithstanding subsection69(1), an order of the Director General made under subsection 69b(1) or 69c(1) for the payment by or to the employer or employee of a sum of money as the Director General deems just, without any limitation of amount, may be made in writing.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69 d . Order of Director General may be in writing

69d.   Order of Director General may be in writing

Notwithstanding subsection69(1), an order of the Director General made under subsection 69b(1) or 69c(1) for the payment by or to the employer or employee of a sum of money as the Director General deems just, without any limitation of amount, may be made in writing.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/69E.Penalty for offence

69E. Penalty for offence

A person who fails to comply with a decision or an order of the Director General made under subsection 69b(1) or 69c(1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit; and shall also, in the case of a continuing offence, be liable to a daily fine not exceeding one hundred ringgit for each day the offence continues after conviction.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 69 e . Penalty for offence

69e.   Penalty for offence

A person who fails to comply with a decision or an order of the Director General made under subsection 69b(1) or 69c(1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit; and shall also, in the case of a continuing offence, be liable to a daily fine not exceeding one hundred ringgit for each day the offence continues after conviction.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/70.Procedure in Director General's inquiry

70. Procedure in Director General's inquiry

The procedure for disposing of questions arising under sections 69, 69b and 69c shall be as follows:

(a) the person complaining shall present to the Director General a written statement of his complaint and of the remedy which he seeks or he shall in person make a statement to the Director General of his complaint and of the remedy which he seeks; 

(b) the Director General shall as soon as practicable thereafter examine the complainant on oath or affirmation and shall record the substance of the complainant's statement in his case book; 

(c) the Director General may make such inquiry as he deems necessary to satisfy himself that the complaint discloses matters which in his opinion ought to be inquired into and may summon in the prescribed form the person complained against, or if it appears to him without any inquiry that the complaint discloses matters which ought to be inquired into he may forthwith summon the person complained against:

Provided that if the person complained against attends in person before the Director General it shall not be necessary to serve a summons upon him; 

(d) when issuing a summons to a person complained against the Director General shall give such person notice of the nature of the complaint made against him and the name of the complainant and shall inform him of the date, time and place at which he is required to attend and shall inform him that he may bring with him any witnesses he may wish to call on his behalf and that he may apply to the Director General for summonses to such persons to appear as witnesses on his behalf; 

(e) when the Director General issues a summons to a person complained against he shall inform the complainant of the date, time and place mentioned therein and shall instruct the complainant to bring with him any witnesses he may wish to call on his behalf and may, on the request of the complainant and subject to any conditions as he may deem fit to impose, issue summonses to such witnesses to appear on behalf of the complainant; 

(f) when at any time before or during an inquiry the Director General has reason to believe that there are any persons whose financial interests are likely to be affected by such decision as he may give on completion of the inquiry or who he has reason to believe have knowledge of the matters in issue or can give any evidence relevant thereto he may summon any or all of such persons; 

(g) the Director General shall, at the time and place appointed, examine on oath or affirmation those persons summoned or otherwise present whose evidence he deems material to the matters in issue and shall then give his decision on the matters in issue; 

(h) if the person complained against or any person whose financial interests the Director General has reason to believe are likely to be affected and who has been duly summoned to attend at the time and place appointed in the summons shall fail so to attend the Director General may hear and decide the complaint in the absence of such person notwithstanding that the interests of such person may be prejudicially affected by his decision; 

(i) in order to enable a court to enforce the decision of the Director General, the Director General shall embody his decision in an order in such form as may be prescribed. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 70. Procedure in Director General's inquiry

70.   Procedure in Director General's inquiry

The procedure for disposing of questions arising under sections 69, 69b and 69c shall be as follows:

(a) the person complaining shall present to the Director General a written statement of his complaint and of the remedy which he seeks or he shall in person make a statement to the Director General of his complaint and of the remedy which he seeks; 

(b) the Director General shall as soon as practicable thereafter examine the complainant on oath or affirmation and shall record the substance of the complainant's statement in his case book; 

(c) the Director General may make such inquiry as he deems necessary to satisfy himself that the complaint discloses matters which in his opinion ought to be inquired into and may summon in the prescribed form the person complained against, or if it appears to him without any inquiry that the complaint discloses matters which ought to be inquired into he may forthwith summon the person complained against:

Provided that if the person complained against attends in person before the Director General it shall not be necessary to serve a summons upon him; 

(d) when issuing a summons to a person complained against the Director General shall give such person notice of the nature of the complaint made against him and the name of the complainant and shall inform him of the date, time and place at which he is required to attend and shall inform him that he may bring with him any witnesses he may wish to call on his behalf and that he may apply to the Director General for summonses to such persons to appear as witnesses on his behalf; 

(e) when the Director General issues a summons to a person complained against he shall inform the complainant of the date, time and place mentioned therein and shall instruct the complainant to bring with him any witnesses he may wish to call on his behalf and may, on the request of the complainant and subject to any conditions as he may deem fit to impose, issue summonses to such witnesses to appear on behalf of the complainant; 

(f) when at any time before or during an inquiry the Director General has reason to believe that there are any persons whose financial interests are likely to be affected by such decision as he may give on completion of the inquiry or who he has reason to believe have knowledge of the matters in issue or can give any evidence relevant thereto he may summon any or all of such persons; 

(g) the Director General shall, at the time and place appointed, examine on oath or affirmation those persons summoned or otherwise present whose evidence he deems material to the matters in issue and shall then give his decision on the matters in issue; 

(h) if the person complained against or any person whose financial interests the Director General has reason to believe are likely to be affected and who has been duly summoned to attend at the time and place appointed in the summons shall fail so to attend the Director General may hear and decide the complaint in the absence of such person notwithstanding that the interests of such person may be prejudicially affected by his decision; 

(i) in order to enable a court to enforce the decision of the Director General, the Director General shall embody his decision in an order in such form as may be prescribed.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/71.Director General's record of inquiry

71. Director General's record of inquiry

The Director General shall keep a case book in which he shall record the evidence of persons summoned or otherwise present and his decision and order in each matter in issue before him and shall authenticate the same by attaching his signature thereto and the record in such case book shall be sufficient evidence of the giving of any decision; and any person interested in such decision or order shall be entitled to a copy thereof free of charge and to a copy of the record upon payment of the prescribed fee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 71. Director General's record of inquiry

71.   Director General's record of inquiry

The Director General shall keep a case book in which he shall record the evidence of persons summoned or otherwise present and his decision and order in each matter in issue before him and shall authenticate the same by attaching his signature thereto and the record in such case book shall be sufficient evidence of the giving of any decision; and any person interested in such decision or order shall be entitled to a copy thereof free of charge and to a copy of the record upon payment of the prescribed fee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/72.Joinder of several complaints in one complaint

72. Joinder of several complaints in one complaint

Where it appears to the Director General in any proceedings under this Part that there are more employees than one having a common cause for complaint against the same employer or person liable, it shall not be necessary for each such employee to make a separate complaint under this Part, but the Director General may, if he thinks fit, permit one or more of them to make a complaint and to attend and act on behalf of and generally to represent the others, and the Director General may proceed to a decision on the joint complaint or complaints of each and all such employees:

Provided that, where the Director General is of opinion that the interests of the employer or person liable are likely to be prejudiced by the non-attendance of any employee, he shall require the personal attendance of such employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 72. Joinder of several complaints in one complaint

72.   Joinder of several complaints in one complaint

Where it appears to the Director General in any proceedings under this Part that there are more employees than one having a common cause for complaint against the same employer or person liable, it shall not be necessary for each such employee to make a separate complaint under this Part, but the Director General may, if he thinks fit, permit one or more of them to make a complaint and to attend and act on behalf of and generally to represent the others, and the Director General may proceed to a decision on the joint complaint or complaints of each and all such employees:

Provided that, where the Director General is of opinion that the interests of the employer or person liable are likely to be prejudiced by the non-attendance of any employee, he shall require the personal attendance of such employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/73.Prohibitory order by Director General to third party

73. Prohibitory order by Director General to third party

(1) Whenever the Director General shall have made an order under section 69, 69b or 69cagainst any employer or any person liable for the payment of any sum of money to any employee or contractor for labour and the Director General has reason to believe that there exists between such employer or person liable and any other person a contract in the course of the performance of which the employee or sub-contractor performed the work in respect of which the order was made, the Director General may summon such other person and, if after enquiry he is satisfied that such a contract exists, may make an order in the prescribed form prohibiting him from paying to the employer or person liable and requiring him to pay to the Director General any money (not exceeding the amount found due to such employee or contractor for labour) admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable in respect of such contract:

Provided that where such other person admits to the Director General in writing that money is owing by him under such contract to the employer or person liable he need not be summoned to attend before the Director General and the Director General may make such order in his absence:

Provided further that where such other person is liable as a principal under subsection 33(1) to pay any wages due by the employer or person liable and where the money admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable is not sufficient to pay the whole of such wages nothing in this subsection shall relieve him of his liability for the balance of such wages up to the amount for which he is liable under proviso (b) to the said subsection.

(2) The payment of any money in pursuance of an order under subsection (1) shall be a discharge and payment up to the amount so paid of money due to the employer or person liable under the contract.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 73. Prohibitory order by Director General to third party

73.   Prohibitory order by Director General to third party 

(1) Whenever the Director General shall have made an order under section 69, 69b or 69cagainst any employer or any person liable for the payment of any sum of money to any employee or contractor for labour and the Director General has reason to believe that there exists between such employer or person liable and any other person a contract in the course of the performance of which the employee or sub-contractor performed the work in respect of which the order was made, the Director General may summon such other person and, if after enquiry he is satisfied that such a contract exists, may make an order in the prescribed form prohibiting him from paying to the employer or person liable and requiring him to pay to the Director General any money (not exceeding the amount found due to such employee or contractor for labour) admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable in respect of such contract:

Provided that where such other person admits to the Director General in writing that money is owing by him under such contract to the employer or person liable he need not be summoned to attend before the Director General and the Director General may make such order in his absence:

Provided further that where such other person is liable as a principal under subsection 33(1) to pay any wages due by the employer or person liable and where the money admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable is not sufficient to pay the whole of such wages nothing in this subsection shall relieve him of his liability for the balance of such wages up to the amount for which he is liable under proviso (b) to the said subsection. 

(2) The payment of any money in pursuance of an order under subsection (1) shall be a discharge and payment up to the amount so paid of money due to the employer or person liable under the contract.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/74.No fees for summons: service of summons

74. No fees for summons: service of summons

(1) No fee shall be charged by the Director General in respect of any summons issued by him under this Part.

(2) Any such summons may be served by a Sessions Court or a Magistrates' Court on behalf of the Director General, or in such other manner, and by such person, as the Director General may deem fit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 74. No fees for summons: service of summons

74.   No fees for summons: service of summons 

(1) No fee shall be charged by the Director General in respect of any summons issued by him under this Part. 

(2) Any such summons may be served by a Sessions Court or a Magistrates' Court on behalf of the Director General, or in such other manner, and by such person, as the Director General may deem fit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/75.Enforcement of Director General's order by Sessions Court

75. Enforcement of Director General's order by Sessions Court

Where any order has been made by the Director General under this Part, and the same has not been complied with by the person to whom it is addressed, the Director General may send a certified copy thereof to the Registrar of a Sessions Court, or to the Court of a First Class Magistrate, having jurisdiction in the place to which the order relates or in the place where the order was made, and the said Registrar or Court, as the case may be, shall cause the said copy to be recorded and thereupon the said order shall for all purposes be enforceable as a judgment of the Sessions Court, or of the Court of the First Class Magistrate, as the case may be, notwithstanding that the same may in respect of amount or value be in excess of the ordinary jurisdiction of the said Court:

Provided that no sale of immovable property shall for the purposes of such enforcement be ordered except by the High Court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 75. Enforcement of Director General's order by Sessions Court

75.   Enforcement of Director General's order by Sessions Court

Where any order has been made by the Director General under this Part, and the same has not been complied with by the person to whom it is addressed, the Director General may send a certified copy thereof to the Registrar of a Sessions Court, or to the Court of a First Class Magistrate, having jurisdiction in the place to which the order relates or in the place where the order was made, and the said Registrar or Court, as the case may be, shall cause the said copy to be recorded and thereupon the said order shall for all purposes be enforceable as a judgment of the Sessions Court, or of the Court of the First Class Magistrate, as the case may be, notwithstanding that the same may in respect of amount or value be in excess of the ordinary jurisdiction of the said Court:

Provided that no sale of immovable property shall for the purposes of such enforcement be ordered except by the High Court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/76.Submission by Director General to High Court on point of law

76. Submission by Director General to High Court on point of law

(1) In any proceedings under this Part the Director General may, if he thinks fit, submit any question of law for the decision of a Judge of the High Court and if he does so he shall decide the proceedings in conformity with such decision.

(2) An appeal shall lie to the Court of Appeal from any decision of a Judge under subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 76. Submission by Director General to High Court on point of law

76.   Submission by Director General to High Court on point of law 

(1) In any proceedings under this Part the Director General may, if he thinks fit, submit any question of law for the decision of a Judge of the High Court and if he does so he shall decide the proceedings in conformity with such decision. 

(2) An appeal shall lie to the Court of Appeal from any decision of a Judge under subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/77.Appeal against Director General's order to High Court

77. Appeal against Director General's order to High Court

(1) If any person whose financial interests are affected is dissatisfied with the decision or order of the Director General under section 69, 69b, 69c, 73 or subsection 81D(4) such person may appeal to the High Court.

(2) Subject to any rules made under section 4 of the Subordinate Court Rules Act 1955 [Act 55], the procedure in an appeal to the High Court shall be the procedure in a civil appeal from a Sessions Court with such modifications as the circumstances may require.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 77. Appeal against Director General's order to High Court

77.   Appeal against Director General's order to High Court 

(1) If any person whose financial interests are affected is dissatisfied with the decision or order of the Director General under section 69, 69b, 69c, 73 or subsection 81d(4) such person may appeal to the High Court. 

(2) Subject to any rules made under section 4 of the Subordinate Court Rules Act 1955 [Act 55], the procedure in an appeal to the High Court shall be the procedure in a civil appeal from a Sessions Court with such modifications as the circumstances may require.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/78.Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond

78. Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond

(1) If any employee complains to a Magistrate that he has reasonable grounds for believing that his employer, in order to evade payment of his wages, is about to abscond, the Magistrate may summon such employer and direct him to show cause why he should not be required to give security by bond to remain in Malaysia until such wages are paid; and if, after hearing the evidence of such employer, the Magistrate decides that such bond shall be given the Magistrate may order such employer to give security by bond in such sum as to the Magistrate seems reasonable, that he will not leave Malaysia until the Magistrate is satisfied that all the just claims of such employee against him for wages have been paid or settled.

(2) If the employer fails to comply with the terms of such order to give security, he shall be detained in prison until arrangements have been made to the satisfaction of the Magistrate for settling the claims of such employee:

Provided that--

(a) such employer shall be released at any time by the committing Magistrate on security being furnished or on his paying either the whole or such part as to the Magistrate seems reasonable of all just claims of such employee against him for wages or on the filing of a petition in bankruptcy by or against him; and 

(b) in no case shall the period of such detention exceed three months. 

(3) The bond to be given by an employer shall be a personal bond with one or more sureties, and the penalty for breach of the bond shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case and the means of the employer.

(4) If on or after a complaint by any employee under subsection(1) it appears to the Magistrate that there is good ground for believing that the employer complained against has absconded or is absconding or is about to abscond, the Magistrate may issue a warrant for the arrest of such employer and such employer shall be detained in custody pending the hearing of the complaint unless he finds good and sufficient security to the satisfaction of the Magistrate for his appearance to answer the complaint.

(5) For the purposes of this section a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director General and issued to the Magistrate to the effect that wages claimed have been paid or settled shall be sufficient evidence of the payment or settlement thereof.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 78. Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond

78.   Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond 

(1) If any employee complains to a Magistrate that he has reasonable grounds for believing that his employer, in order to evade payment of his wages, is about to abscond, the Magistrate may summon such employer and direct him to show cause why he should not be required to give security by bond to remain in Malaysia until such wages are paid; and if, after hearing the evidence of such employer, the Magistrate decides that such bond shall be given the Magistrate may order such employer to give security by bond in such sum as to the Magistrate seems reasonable, that he will not leave Malaysia until the Magistrate is satisfied that all the just claims of such employee against him for wages have been paid or settled. 

(2) If the employer fails to comply with the terms of such order to give security, he shall be detained in prison until arrangements have been made to the satisfaction of the Magistrate for settling the claims of such employee:

Provided that-

(a) such employer shall be released at any time by the committing Magistrate on security being furnished or on his paying either the whole or such part as to the Magistrate seems reasonable of all just claims of such employee against him for wages or on the filing of a petition in bankruptcy by or against him; and  

(b) in no case shall the period of such detention exceed three months.  

 (3) The bond to be given by an employer shall be a personal bond with one or more sureties, and the penalty for breach of the bond shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case and the means of the employer. 

(4) If on or after a complaint by any employee under subsection(1) it appears to the Magistrate that there is good ground for believing that the employer complained against has absconded or is absconding or is about to abscond, the Magistrate may issue a warrant for the arrest of such employer and such employer shall be detained in custody pending the hearing of the complaint unless he finds good and sufficient security to the satisfaction of the Magistrate for his appearance to answer the complaint. 

(5) For the purposes of this section a certificate purporting to be signed by the Director General and issued to the Magistrate to the effect that wages claimed have been paid or settled shall be sufficient evidence of the payment or settlement thereof.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/79.Powers of Director General to investigate possible offences under this Act

79. Powers of Director General to investigate possible offences under this Act

(1) Whenever the Director General has reasonable grounds for suspecting that an offence under this Act has been committed, or wishes to inquire into any matter dealt with by this Act or into any dispute as to such matter or into the death of or injury to an employee (not the subject of an investigation under the The Electricity Supply Act 1990 [Act447], or the Factories and Machinery Act 1967, or any written law relating to mining for the time being in force in Malaysia or any part thereof) or into any matter connected with the keeping of registers and other documents, or whenever any person complains to the Director General of any breach of any provision of this Act, the Director General may summon any person who he has reason to believe can give information respecting such offence or the subject matter of such inquiry or complaint.

(2) If upon inquiry as aforesaid the Director General is of opinion that an offence has been committed, he may institute such criminal proceedings as he may deem necessary.

(3) A summons issued under this section shall be in such form as may be prescribed.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 79. Powers of Director General to investigate possible offences under this Act

79.   Powers of Director General to investigate possible offences under this Act 

(1) Whenever the Director General has reasonable grounds for suspecting that an offence under this Act has been committed, or wishes to inquire into any matter dealt with by this Act or into any dispute as to such matter or into the death of or injury to an employee (not the subject of an investigation under the The Electricity Supply Act 1990 [Act447], or the Factories and Machinery Act 1967, or any written law relating to mining for the time being in force in Malaysia or any part thereof) or into any matter connected with the keeping of registers and other documents, or whenever any person complains to the Director General of any breach of any provision of this Act, the Director General may summon any person who he has reason to believe can give information respecting such offence or the subject matter of such inquiry or complaint. 

(2) If upon inquiry as aforesaid the Director General is of opinion that an offence has been committed, he may institute such criminal proceedings as he may deem necessary. 

(3) A summons issued under this section shall be in such form as may be prescribed.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/80.Examination on summons by the Director General

80. Examination on summons by the Director General

Any person summoned by the Director General under this Part shall be legally bound to attend at the time and place specified in the summons and to answer truthfully all questions which the Director General may put to him.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 80. Examination on summons by the Director General

80.   Examination on summons by the Director General

Any person summoned by the Director General under this Part shall be legally bound to attend at the time and place specified in the summons and to answer truthfully all questions which the Director General may put to him

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81.Right of employee to appear before Director General

81. Right of employee to appear before Director General

No employer shall prevent or attempt to prevent any employee from appearing before the Director General in pursuance of this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81. Right of employee to appear before Director General

81.   Right of employee to appear before Director General

No employer shall prevent or attempt to prevent any employee from appearing before the Director General in pursuance of this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81A.Interpretation

Part XVa SEXUAL HARASSMENT

81A. Interpretation

For the purposes of this Part, "complaint of sexual harassment" means any complaint relating to sexual harassment made--

(i) by an employee against another employee;

(ii) by an employee against any employer; or

(iii) by an employer against an employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 a . Interpretation

81a.   Interpretation

For the purposes of this Part, "complaint of sexual harassment" means any complaint relating to sexual harassment made- 

(i) by an employee against another employee; 

(ii) by an employee against any employer; or 

(iii) by an employer against an employee.

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81B.Inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment

81B. Inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment

(1) Upon receipt of a complaint of sexual harassment, an employer or any class of employers shall inquire into the complaint in a manner prescribed by the Minister.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where an employer refuses to inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment as required under subsection (1), he shall, as soon as practicable but in any case not later than thirty days after the date of the receipt of the complaint, inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal in writing.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), an employer may refuse to inquire into any complaint of sexual harassment as required under subsection (1), if--

 (a) the complaint of sexual harassment has previously been inquired into and no sexual harassment has been proven; or  

(b) the employer is of the opinion that the complaint of sexual harassment is frivolous, vexatious or is not made in good faith. 

(4) Any complainant who is dissatisfied with the refusal of the employer to inquire into his complaint of sexual harassment, may refer the matter to the Director General.

(5) The Director General after reviewing the matter referred to him under subsection (4)--

(a) if he thinks the matter should be inquired into, direct the employer to conduct an inquiry; or 

(b) if he agrees with the decision of the employer not to conduct the inquiry, inform the person who referred the matter to him that no further action will be taken. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 b . Inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment

81b.   Inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment 

(1) Upon receipt of a complaint of sexual harassment, an employer or any class of employers shall inquire into the complaint in a manner prescribed by the Minister. 

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where an employer refuses to inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment as required under subsection (1), he shall, as soon as practicable but in any case not later than thirty days after the date of the receipt of the complaint, inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal in writing. 

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), an employer may refuse to inquire into any complaint of sexual harassment as required under subsection (1), if- 

 (a) the complaint of sexual harassment has previously been inquired into and no sexual harassment has been proven; or  

(b) the employer is of the opinion that the complaint of sexual harassment is frivolous, vexatious or is not made in good faith.  

 (4) Any complainant who is dissatisfied with the refusal of the employer to inquire into his complaint of sexual harassment, may refer the matter to the Director General.

(5) The Director General after reviewing the matter referred to him under subsection (4)-

(a) if he thinks the matter should be inquired into, direct the employer to conduct an inquiry; or  

(b) if he agrees with the decision of the employer not to conduct the inquiry, inform the person who referred the matter to him that no further action will be taken.  

 Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81C.Findings of inquiry by employer

 

81C. Findings of inquiry by employer

Where the employer conducts an inquiry into a complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection 81B (1) and the employer is satisfied that sexual harassment is proven, the employer shall--

(a) in the case where the person against whom the complaint of sexual harassment is made is an employee, take disciplinary action which may include the following:

(i) dismissing the employee without notice; 

(ii) downgrading the employee; or 

(iii) imposing any other lesser punishment as he deems just and fit, and where the punishment of suspension without wages is imposed, it shall not exceed a period of two weeks; and 

(b) in the case where the person against whom the complaint of sexual harassment is made is a person other than an employee, recommend that the person be brought before an appropriate disciplinary authority to which the person is subject to.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 c . Findings of inquiry by employer

81c.   Findings of inquiry by employer

Where the employer conducts an inquiry into a complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection 81B (1) and the employer is satisfied that sexual harassment is proven, the employer shall- 

(a) in the case where the person against whom the complaint of sexual harassment is made is an employee, take disciplinary action which may include the following:

(i) dismissing the employee without notice; 

(ii) downgrading the employee; or 

(iii) imposing any other lesser punishment as he deems just and fit, and where the punishment of suspension without wages is imposed, it shall not exceed a period of two weeks; and  

 (b) in the case where the person against whom the complaint of sexual harassment is made is a person other than an employee, recommend that the person be brought before an appropriate disciplinary authority to which the person is subject to.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81D.Complaints of sexual harassment made to the Director General

81D. Complaints of sexual harassment made to the Director General

(1) If a complaint of sexual harassment is made to the Director General, the Director General shall assess the complaint and may direct an employer to inquire into such complaint.

(2) The employer shall inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment when directed to do so under subsection (1) and submit a report of the inquiry to the Director General within thirty days from the date of such direction. 

(3) If a complaint of sexual harassment received by the Director General is made against an employer who is a sole proprietor, the Director General shall inquire into such complaint himself in a manner prescribed by the Minister. 

(4) Upon inquiry by the Director General of the complaint of sexual harassment under subsection (3), the Director General shall decide if sexual harassment is proven or not and such decision shall be informed to the complainant as soon as practicable. 

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the Director General may refuse to inquire into any complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection (3), if--

(a) the complaint of sexual harassment has previously been inquired into by the Director General and no sexual harassment has been proven; or 

(b) the Director General is of the opinion that the complaint of sexual harassment is frivolous, vexatious or is not made in good faith. 

(6) Where the Director General refuses to inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection (3), he shall, as soon as practicable but in any case not later than thirty days after the date of the receipt of the complaint, inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal in writing.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 d . Complaints of sexual harassment made to the Director General

81d.   Complaints of sexual harassment made to the Director General 

(1) If a complaint of sexual harassment is made to the Director General, the Director General shall assess the complaint and may direct an employer to inquire into such complaint. 

(2) The employer shall inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment when directed to do so under subsection (1) and submit a report of the inquiry to the Director General within thirty days from the date of such direction. 

(3) If a complaint of sexual harassment received by the Director General is made against an employer who is a sole proprietor, the Director General shall inquire into such complaint himself in a manner prescribed by the Minister. 

(4) Upon inquiry by the Director General of the complaint of sexual harassment under subsection (3), the Director General shall decide if sexual harassment is proven or not and such decision shall be informed to the complainant as soon as practicable. 

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the Director General may refuse to inquire into any complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection (3), if-

(a)  the complaint of sexual harassment has previously been inquired into by the Director General and no sexual harassment has been proven; or  

(b)  the Director General is of the opinion that the complaint of sexual harassment is frivolous, vexatious or is not made in good faith.  

 (6) Where the Director General refuses to inquire into the complaint of sexual harassment received under subsection (3), he shall, as soon as practicable but in any case not later than thirty days after the date of the receipt of the complaint, inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal in writing.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81E.Effects of decisions of the Director General

81E. Effects of decisions of the Director General

(1) Where the Director General decides under subsection 81D(4) that sexual harassment is proven, the complainant may terminate his contract of service without notice.

(2) If the complainant terminates the contract of service under subsection (1), the complainant is entitled to--

(a) wages as if the complainant has given the notice of the termination of contract of service; and 

(b) termination benefits and indemnity, as provided for under the Act or the contract of service, as the case may be.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 e . Effects of decisions of the Director General

81e.   Effects of decisions of the Director General 

(1) Where the Director General decides under subsection 81d(4) that sexual harassment is proven, the complainant may terminate his contract of service without notice. 

(2) If the complainant terminates the contract of service under subsection (1), the complainant is entitled to-

(a) wages as if the complainant has given the notice of the termination of contract of service; and  

(b) termination benefits and indemnity, as provided for under the Act or the contract of service, as the case may be

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81F.Offence

81F. Offence

Any employer who fails--

(a) to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment under subsection 81B(1);

(b) to inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal as required under subsection 81B(2);

(c) to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment when directed to do so by the Director General under paragraph 81B(5)(a) or subsection 81D(2); or

(d) to submit a report of inquiry into sexual harassment to the Director General under subsection 81D(2); commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 f . Offence

81f.   Offence

Any employer who fails- 

(a) to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment under subsection 81b(1); 

(b) to inform the complainant of the refusal and the reasons for the refusal as required under subsection 81b(2); 

(c) to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment when directed to do so by the Director General under paragraph 81b(5)(a) or subsection 81d(2); or 

(d) to submit a report of inquiry into sexual harassment to the Director General under subsection 81d(2); commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/81G.Application of this Part irrespective of wages of employee

81G. Application of this Part irrespective of wages of employee

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of the First Schedule, this Part extends to every employee employed under a contract of service irrespective of the wages of the employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 81 g . Application of this Part irrespective of wages of employee

81g.   Application of this Part irrespective of wages of employee

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of the First Schedule, this Part extends to every employee employed under a contract of service irrespective of the wages of the employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/82.Service of summons issued under Part XV

Part XVI PROCEDURE

82. Service of summons issued under Part XV

(1) Any summons issued by the Director General under Part XV may be served on any person by delivering or tendering to him a copy thereof signed by the Director General:

Provided that--

(a) if the person to be summoned cannot be found and has an agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on such agent shall be sufficient; 

(b) if the person to be summoned cannot be found and has no agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on any adult member, not being a domestic servant, of the family of the person to be summoned who is residing with him shall be deemed good and sufficient service. 

(2) When such summons is addressed to a corporation, it may be served--

(a) by leaving a copy thereof, signed by the Director General, at the registered office, if any, of the corporation; 

(b) by sending such copy by registered post in a letter addressed to the corporation at its principal office, whether such office be situated within Malaysia or elsewhere; or 

(c) by delivering such copy to any director, secretary or other principal officer of the corporation. 

(3) When such summons is addressed to a firm, it may be served--

(a) by leaving a copy thereof, signed by the Director General, at the principal place at which the partnership business is carried on; 

(b) by sending such copy by registered post in a letter addressed to the firm at its principal office, whether such office be situated within Malaysia or elsewhere; or 

(c) by delivering such copy to any one or more of the partners in such firm or to any person having, at the time of service, the control or management of the partnership business at the principal place at which the partnership business is carried on within Malaysia. 

(4) When the person serving such summons delivers or tenders a copy of the summons to the person to be summoned or to an agent or other person on his behalf, he shall require the signature of the person to whom the copy is so delivered or tendered to an acknowledgement of service endorsed on the original summons.

(5) If--

(a) such person refuses or is unable to sign the acknowledgement; or 

(b) the serving officer cannot find the person to be summoned and there is no agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf nor any other person on whom the service can be made, 

the serving officer shall affix a copy of the summons on the outer door of the house in which the person to be summoned ordinarily resides and then return the original to the Director General with a return endorsed thereon or annexed thereto stating that he has so affixed the copy and the circumstances under which he did so.

(6) The person serving such summons shall, in all cases in which the summons has been served under subsection (4) endorse or annex, or cause to be endorsed or annexed, on or to the original summons a return stating the time when and the manner in which the summons was served.

(7) When a summons is returned under subsection (5), the Director General shall, if the return under that subsection has not been verified by the affidavit of the person serving it, and may, if it has been so verified, examine such person on affirmation touching the manner of service and may make such further inquiry in the matter as he thinks fit and shall either declare that the summons has been duly served or order such service as he thinks fit.

(8) When the Director General is satisfied that there is reason to believe that the person to be summoned is keeping out of the way for the purpose of avoiding service or that for any other reason the summons cannot be served in the ordinary way, the Director General may order the summons to be served by affixing a copy thereof in some conspicuous place in or near the office of the Director General and also upon some conspicuous part of the house in which the person to be summoned is known to have last resided, or in such other manner as the Director General thinks fit, or may order the substitution for service of notice by advertisement in the Gazette and in such local newspaper or newspapers as the Director General may think fit.

(9) The service substituted by order of the Director General shall be as effectual as if it had been made personally on the person to be summoned.

(10) Whenever service is substituted by order of the Director General, the Director General shall fix such time for the appearance of the person to be summoned as he may deem fit.

(11) Any order or notice in writing made and issued by the Director General in the exercise of the powers conferred by this Act may be served as if the same were a summons, and the provisions of this section, other than subsection (10) thereof, shall apply to the service of such order or notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 82. Service of summons issued under Part XV

82.   Service of summons issued under Part XV 

(1) Any summons issued by the Director General under Part XV may be served on any person by delivering or tendering to him a copy thereof signed by the Director General:

Provided that-

(a) if the person to be summoned cannot be found and has an agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on such agent shall be sufficient; 

(b) if the person to be summoned cannot be found and has no agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on any adult member, not being a domestic servant, of the family of the person to be summoned who is residing with him shall be deemed good and sufficient service.  

(2) When such summons is addressed to a corporation, it may be served-

(a) by leaving a copy thereof, signed by the Director General, at the registered office, if any, of the corporation; 

(b) by sending such copy by registered post in a letter addressed to the corporation at its principal office, whether such office be situated within Malaysia or elsewhere; or 

(c) by delivering such copy to any director, secretary or other principal officer of the corporation.  

 (3) When such summons is addressed to a firm, it may be served-

(a) by leaving a copy thereof, signed by the Director General, at the principal place at which the partnership business is carried on;

(b) by sending such copy by registered post in a letter addressed to the firm at its principal office, whether such office be situated within Malaysia or elsewhere; or 

(c) by delivering such copy to any one or more of the partners in such firm or to any person having, at the time of service, the control or management of the partnership business at the principal place at which the partnership business is carried on within Malaysia.  

 (4) When the person serving such summons delivers or tenders a copy of the summons to the person to be summoned or to an agent or other person on his behalf, he shall require the signature of the person to whom the copy is so delivered or tendered to an acknowledgement of service endorsed on the original summons. 

(5)

If-(a) such person refuses or is unable to sign the acknowledgement; or 

(b) the serving officer cannot find the person to be summoned and there is no agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf nor any other person on whom the service can be made,  

the serving officer shall affix a copy of the summons on the outer door of the house in which the person to be summoned ordinarily resides and then return the original to the Director General with a return endorsed thereon or annexed thereto stating that he has so affixed the copy and the circumstances under which he did so. 

(6) The person serving such summons shall, in all cases in which the summons has been served under subsection (4) endorse or annex, or cause to be endorsed or annexed, on or to the original summons a return stating the time when and the manner in which the summons was served. 

(7) When a summons is returned under subsection (5), the Director General shall, if the return under that subsection has not been verified by the affidavit of the person serving it, and may, if it has been so verified, examine such person on affirmation touching the manner of service and may make such further inquiry in the matter as he thinks fit and shall either declare that the summons has been duly served or order such service as he thinks fit. 

(8) When the Director General is satisfied that there is reason to believe that the person to be summoned is keeping out of the way for the purpose of avoiding service or that for any other reason the summons cannot be served in the ordinary way, the Director General may order the summons to be served by affixing a copy thereof in some conspicuous place in or near the office of the Director General and also upon some conspicuous part of the house in which the person to be summoned is known to have last resided, or in such other manner as the Director General thinks fit, or may order the substitution for service of notice by advertisement in the Gazette and in such local newspaper or newspapers as the Director General may think fit. 

(9) The service substituted by order of the Director General shall be as effectual as if it had been made personally on the person to be summoned. 

(10) Whenever service is substituted by order of the Director General, the Director General shall fix such time for the appearance of the person to be summoned as he may deem fit. 

(11) Any order or notice in writing made and issued by the Director General in the exercise of the powers conferred by this Act may be served as if the same were a summons, and the provisions of this section, other than subsection (10) thereof, shall apply to the service of such order or notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/83.Power to make reciprocal provisions between Malaysia and Singapore for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders

83. Power to make reciprocal provisions between Malaysia and Singapore for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders

If the Minister is satisfied that arrangements have been made by or under any legislation in force in the Republic of Singapore for the service, execution or enforcement in the Republic of Singapore of summonses, warrants or orders issued or made under this Act he may, by regulations made under this Act--

(a) prescribe the procedure for sending such summonses, warrants and orders to the Republic of Singapore for service, execution or enforcement, and specify the conditions under which any such summons shall be deemed to have been served; and 

(b) make reciprocal provisions for the service, execution or enforcement in Malaysia of summonses, warrants or orders issued or made in the Republic of Singapore under any corresponding or similar legislation in force therein. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 83. Power to make reciprocal provisions between Malaysia and Singapore for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders

83.   Power to make reciprocal provisions between Malaysia and Singapore for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders

If the Minister is satisfied that arrangements have been made by or under any legislation in force in the Republic of Singapore for the service, execution or enforcement in the Republic of Singapore of summonses, warrants or orders issued or made under this Act he may, by regulations made under this Act-

(a) prescribe the procedure for sending such summonses, warrants and orders to the Republic of Singapore for service, execution or enforcement, and specify the conditions under which any such summons shall be deemed to have been served; and 

(b) make reciprocal provisions for the service, execution or enforcement in Malaysia of summonses, warrants or orders issued or made in the Republic of Singapore under any corresponding or similar legislation in force therein.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/84.Jurisdiction

84. Jurisdiction

Notwithstanding the provisions of the Subordinate Courts Act 1948 [Act92], all penalties for offences against this Act may be had and recovered in the Sessions Court or the Court of a First Class Magistrate on complaint by any person aggrieved or by the Director General or any person authorized by him in writing in that behalf.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 84. Jurisdiction

84.   Jurisdiction

Notwithstanding the provisions of the Subordinate Courts Act 1948 [Act92], all penalties for offences against this Act may be had and recovered in the Sessions Court or the Court of a First Class Magistrate on complaint by any person aggrieved or by the Director General or any person authorized by him in writing in that behalf.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/85.Prosecution

85. Prosecution

No prosecution shall be instituted for an offence under this Act or any regulation made under this Act without the consent in writing of the Public Prosecutor.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 85. Prosecution

85.   Prosecution

No prosecution shall be instituted for an offence under this Act or any regulation made under this Act without the consent in writing of the Public Prosecutor.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/85A.Right of audience

85A. Right of audience

The Director General, or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General, shall have the right to appear and be heard before a Magistrate Court or a Sessions Court in any civil proceedings under or arising out of this Act, or any regulation made under this Act; and such right shall include the right to appear and represent an employee in any such proceedings.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 85 a . Right of audience

85a.   Right of audience

The Director General, or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General, shall have the right to appear and be heard before a Magistrate Court or a Sessions Court in any civil proceedings under or arising out of this Act, or any regulation made under this Act; and such right shall include the right to appear and represent an employee in any such proceedings.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/86.Saving clause as to civil jurisdiction of courts

86. Saving clause as to civil jurisdiction of courts

Nothing in this Act shall be construed as preventing any employer or employee from enforcing his civil rights and remedies for any breach or non-performance of a contract of service by any suit in court in any case in which proceedings have not been instituted before the Director General under section69, 69B, 69C or subsection 81D(4), if instituted, have been withdrawn.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 86. Saving clause as to civil jurisdiction of courts

86.   Saving clause as to civil jurisdiction of courts

Nothing in this Act shall be construed as preventing any employer or employee from enforcing his civil rights and remedies for any breach or non-performance of a contract of service by any suit in court in any case in which proceedings have not been instituted before the Director General under section69, 69b, 69c or subsection 81d(4), if instituted, have been withdrawn.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/87.Power of court imposing fine

87. Power of court imposing fine

When under this Act any court imposes a fine or enforces the payment of any sum secured by bond, the court may, if it thinks fit, direct that the whole or any part of such fine or sum when recovered be paid to the party complaining.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 87. Power of court imposing fine

87.   Power of court imposing fine

When under this Act any court imposes a fine or enforces the payment of any sum secured by bond, the court may, if it thinks fit, direct that the whole or any part of such fine or sum when recovered be paid to the party complaining.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/88.Effect of imprisonment

88. Effect of imprisonment

From and after the determination of any imprisonment suffered under this Act for non-payment of the amount of any fine, ??together with the costs assessed and directed to be paid by any order of court, the amount so ordered shall be deemed to be liquidated and discharged, and the order shall be annulled.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 88. Effect of imprisonment

88.   Effect of imprisonment

From and after the determination of any imprisonment suffered under this Act for non-payment of the amount of any fine, ??together with the costs assessed and directed to be paid by any order of court, the amount so ordered shall be deemed to be liquidated and discharged, and the order shall be annulled.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/89.Incapacity of Director General hearing inquiry

89. Incapacity of Director General hearing inquiry

Where the Director General has, for the purpose of inquiring into any matter under this Act, taken down any evidence or made any memorandum and is prevented by death, transfer or other cause from concluding such inquiry, any successor to such Director General or other officer may deal with such evidence or memorandum as if he had taken it down or made it and proceed with the inquiry from the stage at which such Director General left it.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 89. Incapacity of Director General hearing inquiry

89.   Incapacity of Director General hearing inquiry

Where the Director General has, for the purpose of inquiring into any matter under this Act, taken down any evidence or made any memorandum and is prevented by death, transfer or other cause from concluding such inquiry, any successor to such Director General or other officer may deal with such evidence or memorandum as if he had taken it down or made it and proceed with the inquiry from the stage at which such Director General left it.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/90.Officers acting under Act deemed public servants

90. Officers acting under Act deemed public servants

For the purposes of this Act the Director General and any other officer appointed or acting under this Act shall be deemed to ?be public servants within the meaning of the Penal Code [Act 574].

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 90. Officers acting under Act deemed public servants

90.   Officers acting under Act deemed public servants

For the purposes of this Act the Director General and any other officer appointed or acting under this Act shall be deemed to ?be public servants within the meaning of the Penal Code [Act 574].

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/90A.Protection of officers

90A. Protection of officers

No action shall lie or be brought, instituted or maintained in any court against--

(a) the Director General, Deputy Director General or any other officer duly appointed under this Act for or on account of or in respect of any act ordered or done for the purpose of carrying this Act into effect; and 

(b) any other person for or on account of or in respect of any act done or purported to be done by him under the order, direction or instruction of the Director General, Deputy Director General or any other officer duly appointed under this Act, if the act was done in good faith and in a reasonable belief that it was necessary for the purpose intended to be served by it.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 90 a . Protection of officers

90a.   Protection of officers

No action shall lie or be brought, instituted or maintained in any court against-

(a) the Director General, Deputy Director General or any other officer duly appointed under this Act for or on account of or in respect of any act ordered or done for the purpose of carrying this Act into effect; and  

(b)  any other person for or on account of or in respect of any act done or purported to be done by him under the order, direction or instruction of the Director General, Deputy Director General or any other officer duly appointed under this Act, if the act was done in good faith and in a reasonable belief that it was necessary for the purpose intended to be served by it

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/91.Under Parts III and IV

Part XVII OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

91. Under Parts III and IV

Any employer who--

(a) fails to pay the wages or indemnity due to any employee within the time prescribed in sections 19, 20 and 21; 

(b) makes to any employee any advance of wages in excess of that permitted under section 22; or 

(c) makes deductions from the wages of an employee other than such deductions as are authorized by section 24, commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 91. Under Parts III and IV

91.   Under Parts III and IV

Any employer who-

(a) fails to pay the wages or indemnity due to any employee within the time prescribed in sections 19, 20 and 21; 

(b) makes to any employee any advance of wages in excess of that permitted under section 22; or 

(c) makes deductions from the wages of an employee other than such deductions as are authorized by section 24, commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/92.Under Part IX

92. Under Part IX

Any employer who--

(a) pays wages, imposes any conditions in a contract of service or makes any deduction or receives any payment in contravention of section25, 25a, 26, 27 or 28; or 

(b) provides any employee as part of the terms of his contract of service with any amenity or service, or any intoxicating liquor in contravention of section 29, 

(c) (Deleted by Act A1026), commits an offence

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 92. Under Part IX

92.   Under Part IX

Any employer who-

(a) pays wages, imposes any conditions in a contract of service or makes any deduction or receives any payment in contravention of section25, 25a, 26, 27 or 28; or 

(b) provides any employee as part of the terms of his contract of service with any amenity or service, or any intoxicating liquor in contravention of section 29, 

(c) (Deleted by Act A1026),  commits an offence

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/93.Under Part VIII

93. Under Part VIII

An employer of a female employee commits an offence if the female employee is employed contrary to section 34, 35 or 36.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 93. Under Part VIII

93.   Under Part VIII

An employer of a female employee commits an offence if the female employee is employed contrary to section 34, 35 or 36.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/94.Under Part IX

94. Under Part IX

Any employer who--

(a) fails to grant maternity leave to a female employee employed by him and entitled thereto under Part IX; 

(b) fails to pay the maternity allowance to a female employee employed by him and entitled thereto under Part IX, or to her nominee, or to her personal legal representative; 

(c) fails to pay maternity allowance in the manner prescribed in section 38; or 

(d) contravenes the provisions of section 42 or 44, commits an offence, and shall also--

(aa) in the event of a conviction for an offence under paragraph (a), be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the female employee concerned the maternity allowance to which she may be entitled under Part IX in respect of every day on which the female employee had worked during the eligible period referred to in paragraph 37(1)(a), the payment so ordered being in addition to the wages payable to her, and the amount of maternity allowance so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court; and 

(bb) in the event of a conviction for an offence under paragraph (b), be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the female employee concerned the maternity allowance to which she is entitled under Part IX, and the amount of maternity allowance so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 94. Under Part IX

94.   Under Part IX

Any employer who-

(a) fails to grant maternity leave to a female employee employed by him and entitled thereto under Part IX; 

(b) fails to pay the maternity allowance to a female employee employed by him and entitled thereto under Part IX, or to her nominee, or to her personal legal representative; 

(c) fails to pay maternity allowance in the manner prescribed in section 38; or 

(d) contravenes the provisions of section 42 or 44, commits an offence, and shall also-

(aa) in the event of a conviction for an offence under paragraph (a), be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the female employee concerned the maternity allowance to which she may be entitled under Part IX in respect of every day on which the female employee had worked during the eligible period referred to in paragraph 37(1)(a), the payment so ordered being in addition to the wages payable to her, and the amount of maternity allowance so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court; and 

(bb) in the event of a conviction for an offence under paragraph (b), be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the female employee concerned the maternity allowance to which she is entitled under Part IX, and the amount of maternity allowance so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/95.Omitted or Deleted Section

95. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 95. Omitted or Deleted Section

95.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/96.Omitted or Deleted Section

96. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 96. Omitted or Deleted Section

96.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/97.Under Part XIII

97. Under Part XIII

An employer who--

(a) fails to keep a register required under section61, or to preserve the register for a period of not less than six years; 

(b) destroys, alters or mutilates the register referred to in paragraph (a), or causes or permits the register to be destroyed, altered or mutilated; 

(c) fails to comply with any regulations made under section 62; 

(d) fails, without reasonable cause (proof of which shall lie on him), to forward to the Director General such returns as are prescribed under section 63 or forwards any of the returns knowing that it contains any false particulars; or 

(e) being an owner of any estate, mine or factory to which section 64 applies, fails to comply with the requirements of the section, commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 97. Under Part XIII

97.   Under Part XIII

An employer who-

(a) fails to keep a register required under section61, or to preserve the register for a period of not less than six years; 

(b) destroys, alters or mutilates the register referred to in paragraph (a), or causes or permits the register to be destroyed, altered or mutilated; 

(c) fails to comply with any regulations made under section 62; 

(d) fails, without reasonable cause (proof of which shall lie on him), to forward to the Director General such returns as are prescribed under section 63 or forwards any of the returns knowing that it contains any false particulars; or 

(e) being an owner of any estate, mine or factory to which section 64 applies, fails to comply with the requirements of the section, commits an offence

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/98.Under Part XIV

98. Under Part XIV

Any person who--

(a) refuses the Director General exercising his powers under Part XIV, access to any premises or part thereof; 

(b) assaults, obstructs, hinders or delays the Director General in effecting any entrance into any premises or part thereof which he is entitled to effect; 

(c) furnishes the Director General as true, information which he knows or has reason to believe to be false; or 

(d) fails to produce, or conceals or attempts to conceal any document which he may be required to produce under Part XIV, or hinders or obstructs the Director General in effecting possession of the documents, commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 98. Under Part XIV

98.   Under Part XIV

Any person who-

(a) refuses the Director General exercising his powers under Part XIV, access to any premises or part thereof; 

(b) assaults, obstructs, hinders or delays the Director General in effecting any entrance into any premises or part thereof which he is entitled to effect; 

(c) furnishes the Director General as true, information which he knows or has reason to believe to be false; or 

(d) fails to produce, or conceals or attempts to conceal any document which he may be required to produce under Part XIV, or hinders or obstructs the Director General in effecting possession of the documents,  commits an offence

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/99.Under Part XV

99. Under Part XV

Any employer who prevents or attempts to prevent any employee from appearing before the Director General under Part XV commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 99. Under Part XV

99.   Under Part XV

Any employer who prevents or attempts to prevent any employee from appearing before the Director General under Part XV commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/99A.General penalty

99A. General penalty

Any person who commits any offence under, or contravenes any provision of, this Act, or any regulations, order, or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder, in respect of which no penalty is provided, shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 99 a . General penalty

99a.   General penalty

Any person who commits any offence under, or contravenes any provision of, this Act, or any regulations, order, or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder, in respect of which no penalty is provided, shall be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/100.Penalties for failure or non-compliance in relation to rest days, overtime, holidays, annual leave, and sick leave

100. Penalties for failure or non-compliance in relation to rest days, overtime, holidays, annual leave, and sick leave

(1) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees wages for work done by his employee on a rest day or pays wages less than the rate provided under section 60 commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the wages due for work done on every rest day at the rate provided under section 60, and the amount of such wages shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

(2) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees any overtime wages as provided under this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the overtime wages due, and the amount of overtime wages so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

(3) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees wages as provided under section 60d, commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the wages due for any work done on any such holiday at the rate provided under section 60d, and the amount of wages so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

(4) Any employer who fails to grant to any of his employees annual leave or any part thereof as provided under section 60e commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the ordinary rate of pay in respect of every day of such leave not so granted, the payment so ordered being in addition to the wages payable to the employee for the work done on any such day, and the amount so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

(5) Any employer who fails to grant sick leave, or fails to pay sick leave pay, to any of his employees, as provided under section60f commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the sick leave pay for every day of such sick leave at the rate provided under section 60f, and the amount so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 100. Penalties for failure or non-compliance in relation to rest days, overtime, holidays, annual leave, and sick leave

100.   Penalties for failure or non-compliance in relation to rest days, overtime, holidays, annual leave, and sick leave 

(1) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees wages for work done by his employee on a rest day or pays wages less than the rate provided under section 60 commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the wages due for work done on every rest day at the rate provided under section 60, and the amount of such wages shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court. 

(2) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees any overtime wages as provided under this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the overtime wages due, and the amount of overtime wages so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court. 

(3) Any employer who fails to pay to any of his employees wages as provided under section 60d, commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the wages due for any work done on any such holiday at the rate provided under section 60d, and the amount of wages so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court. 

(4) Any employer who fails to grant to any of his employees annual leave or any part thereof as provided under section 60e commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the ordinary rate of pay in respect of every day of such leave not so granted, the payment so ordered being in addition to the wages payable to the employee for the work done on any such day, and the amount so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court. 

(5) Any employer who fails to grant sick leave, or fails to pay sick leave pay, to any of his employees, as provided under section60f commits an offence, and shall also, on conviction, be ordered by the court before which he is convicted to pay to the employee concerned the sick leave pay for every day of such sick leave at the rate provided under section 60f, and the amount so ordered by the court to be paid shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/101.Offence in connection with inquiry or inspection

101. Offence in connection with inquiry or inspection

In any inquiry, investigation, entry or inspection made by the Director General, or by any officer lawfully exercising the powers of the Director General under this Act, any person committing with respect to such inquiry, investigation, entry or inspection any offence described in Chapter X of the Penal Code shall on conviction be punished as prescribed in such Chapter.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 101. Offence in connection with inquiry or inspection

101.   Offence in connection with inquiry or inspection

In any inquiry, investigation, entry or inspection made by the Director General, or by any officer lawfully exercising the powers of the Director General under this Act, any person committing with respect to such inquiry, investigation, entry or inspection any offence described in Chapter X of the Penal Code shall on conviction be punished as prescribed in such Chapter.

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/101A.Power to compound offences

101A. Power to compound offences

(1) The Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may, with the consent in writing of the Public Prosecutor, compound any offence committed by a person which is punishable under this Act or any regulation made under this Act.

(2) The Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may, in a case where he deems it fit and proper so to do, compound an offence by making a written offer to the person who has committed the offence to compound the offence on payment to the Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General, as the case may be, within such time as may be specified in the offer, of such sum of money, as may be specified in the offer, which shall not exceed fifty per centum of the amount of the maximum fine (including the daily fine, if any, in the case of a continuing offence) to which the person would have been liable if he had been convicted of the offence.

(3) An offer under subsection (2) may be made at any time after the offence has been committed, but before any prosecution for it has been instituted, and where the amount specified in the offer is not paid within the time specified in the offer, or within such extended period as the Director General , Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may grant, prosecution for the offence may be instituted at any time thereafter against the person to whom the offer was made.

(4) Where an offence has been compounded under subsection(2)--

(a) no prosecution shall thereafter be instituted in respect of the offence against the person to whom the offer to compound was made; and 

(b) any book, register or document seized in connection with the offence shall be released immediately. 

(5) Any moneys paid to the Director General , Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General pursuant to subsection (2) shall be paid into and form part of the Federal Consolidated Fund.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 101 a . Power to compound offences

101a.   Power to compound offences 

(1) The Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may, with the consent in writing of the Public Prosecutor, compound any offence committed by a person which is punishable under this Act or any regulation made under this Act. 

(2) The Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may, in a case where he deems it fit and proper so to do, compound an offence by making a written offer to the person who has committed the offence to compound the offence on payment to the Director General, Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General, as the case may be, within such time as may be specified in the offer, of such sum of money, as may be specified in the offer, which shall not exceed fifty per centum of the amount of the maximum fine (including the daily fine, if any, in the case of a continuing offence) to which the person would have been liable if he had been convicted of the offence. 

(3) An offer under subsection (2) may be made at any time after the offence has been committed, but before any prosecution for it has been instituted, and where the amount specified in the offer is not paid within the time specified in the offer, or within such extended period as the Director General , Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General may grant, prosecution for the offence may be instituted at any time thereafter against the person to whom the offer was made. 

(4) Where an offence has been compounded under subsection(2)-

(a) no prosecution shall thereafter be instituted in respect of the offence against the person to whom the offer to compound was made; and 

(b) any book, register or document seized in connection with the offence shall be released immediately.  

 (5) Any moneys paid to the Director General , Deputy Director General or any officer authorized in writing by the Director General pursuant to subsection (2) shall be paid into and form part of the Federal Consolidated Fund.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/101B.Offence by body corporate, etc.

101B. Offence by body corporate, etc.

Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a body corporate, partnership, society or trade union--

(a) in the case of a body corporate, any person who is a director, manager, or other similar officer of the body corporate at the time of the commission of the offence; 

(b) in the case of a partnership, every partner in the partnership at the time of the commission of the offence; and 

(c) in the case of a society or trade union, every office bearer of the society or trade union at the time of the commission of the offence, shall be deemed to have committed the offence and may be charged jointly or severally in the same proceedings as the body corporate, partnership, society or trade union

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 101 b . Offence by body corporate, etc.

101b.   Offence by body corporate, etc.

Where an offence under this Act has been committed by a body corporate, partnership, society or trade union-

(a) in the case of a body corporate, any person who is a director, manager, or other similar officer of the body corporate at the time of the commission of the offence;  

(b) in the case of a partnership, every partner in the partnership at the time of the commission of the offence; and  

(c) in the case of a society or trade union, every office bearer of the society or trade union at the time of the commission of the offence, shall be deemed to have committed the offence and may be charged jointly or severally in the same proceedings as the body corporate, partnership, society or trade union

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/102.Regulations

Part XVIII REGULATIONS

102. Regulations

(1) The Minister may from time to time make such regulations as may be necessary or expedient for giving full effect to the provisions of this Act, or for the further, better or more convenient implementation of the provisions of this Act.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing the Minister may make regulations--

(a) limiting the powers of officers appointed under subsection3(2); 

(b) prescribing the conditions under which female employees may work at night; 

(c) prescribing the rate of the maternity allowance to which female employees shall be entitled during the eligible period; 

(d) prescribing the maximum period during which notice of dismissal given by her employer to a female employee who is absent from her work as a result of illness certified by a registered medical practitioner to arise out of her pregnancy or confinement shall not expire; 

(da) (Deleted by Act A497). 

(e) (Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966). 

(f) prescribing the times which employees shall be entitled to take off from work for meals and which they shall be entitled or required to take off for rest; 

(g) prescribing the form of any register, summons or order required to be kept, issued or made under this Act; 

(h) prescribing the procedure for sending summonses, warrants and orders issued or made under this Act in Malaysia for service or execution in the Republic of Singapore, and making provisions for the service or execution in Malaysia of summonses, warrants and orders issued or made in the Republic of Singapore; 

(i) prescribing fees to be paid for filing of claims under section69, 69B or 69C and for copies of notes of evidence recorded under Parts XV and XVA

(j) prescribing penalties for failure to comply with or contravention of any regulation made under this section; 

(k) prescribing the forms of notice and returns of particulars used under section 60K

(l) prescribing the procedure to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment under Part XVA

(m) prescribing the terms and conditions of service of a domestic servant. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 102. Regulations

102.   Regulations 

(1) The Minister may from time to time make such regulations as may be necessary or expedient for giving full effect to the provisions of this Act, or for the further, better or more convenient implementation of the provisions of this Act. 

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing the Minister may make regulations-

(a) limiting the powers of officers appointed under subsection3(2); 

(b) prescribing the conditions under which female employees may work at night; 

(c) prescribing the rate of the maternity allowance to which female employees shall be entitled during the eligible period; 

(d) prescribing the maximum period during which notice of dismissal given by her employer to a female employee who is absent from her work as a result of illness certified by a registered medical practitioner to arise out of her pregnancy or confinement shall not expire; 

(da) (Deleted by Act A497).  

(e) (Deleted by Act No. 40 of 1966).  

(f) prescribing the times which employees shall be entitled to take off from work for meals and which they shall be entitled or required to take off for rest; 

(g) prescribing the form of any register, summons or order required to be kept, issued or made under this Act; 

(h) prescribing the procedure for sending summonses, warrants and orders issued or made under this Act in Malaysia for service or execution in the Republic of Singapore, and making provisions for the service or execution in Malaysia of summonses, warrants and orders issued or made in the Republic of Singapore; 

(i) prescribing fees to be paid for filing of claims under section69, 69b or 69c and for copies of notes of evidence recorded under Parts XV and XVa;  

(j) prescribing penalties for failure to comply with or contravention of any regulation made under this section; 

(k) prescribing the forms of notice and returns of particulars used under section 60k;  

(l) prescribing the procedure to inquire into complaints of sexual harassment under Part XVa;  

(m) prescribing the terms and conditions of service of a domestic servant.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/103.Repeal and saving

Part XIX REPEAL AND SAVING

103. Repeal and saving

The written laws specified in the first and second columns of the Second Schedule are hereby repealed to the extent set out in the third column of the said Schedule:

Provided that any appointment made under such written law hereby repealed shall be deemed to be made under this Act:

Provided further that references to any provision of any written law hereby repealed in any other written law or in any contract or other instrument in writing shall, in so far as such provision is not inconsistent with the corresponding provision of this Act, be construed as references to such corresponding provision.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 103. Repeal and saving