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Employment Act 1955- Part 1

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265

Incorporating all amendments up to 9 July 2012

First enacted ... ... ... ... ... ...

1955 (Ordinance No. 38 of 1955)

Revised ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

1981 (Act 265 w.e.f. 18 February 1982)

Date of publication in the Gazette ... ...

Peninsula Malaysia - 1 June 1957;Federal Territory of Labuan--1 November 2000

Date of coming into operation ... ...

Peninsula Malaysia - 1 June 1957;Federal Territory of Labuan--1 November 2000

 

ACT 265 
EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 

Part I PRELIMINARY

SECTION

1.Short title and application

2.Interpretation

2a.Minister may prohibit employment other than under contract of service

2b.General power to exempt or exclude

3.Appointment of officers

4.Appeals

5.Effect on Act of other written laws

Part II CONTRACTS OF SERVICE

SECTION

6.Saving of existing contracts

7.More favourable conditions of service under the Act to prevail

7a.Validity of any term or condition of service which is more favourable

7b.Removal of doubt in respect of matters not provided for by or under this Act

8.Contracts of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organize trade unions

9.Omitted or Deleted Section

10.Contracts to be in writing and to include provision for termination

11.Provision as to termination of contracts

12.Notice of termination of contract

13.Termination of contract without notice

14.Termination of contract for special reasons

15.When contract is deemed to be broken by employer and employee

16.Employees on estates to be provided with minimum number of days' work in each month

17.Omitted or Deleted Section

17a.Apprenticeship contracts excluded from sections 10 to 16

Part III PAYMENT OF WAGES

SECTION

18.Wage period

19.Time of payment of wages

20.Payment on normal termination of contract

21.Payment on termination of contract in special circumstances and on breach of contract

22.Limitation on advances to employees

23.Wages not due for absence from work through imprisonment or attendance in court

Part IV DEDUCTIONS FROM WAGES

SECTION

24.Lawful deductions

Part V SYSTEM OF PAYMENT OF WAGES

SECTION

25.Wages to be paid through bank

25a.Payment of wages other than through bank

26.Conditions restricting place at which, manner in which and person with whom wages paid to be spent, illegal

27.Interest on advances forbidden

28.Restriction on places at which wages may be paid

29.Remuneration other than wages

30.Omitted or Deleted Section

Part VI PRIORITY OF WAGES

SECTION

31.Priority of wages over other debts

32.Reference by the court to Director General

Part VII CONTRACTORS, PRINCIPALS AND CONTRACTORS FOR LABOUR

SECTION

33.Liability of principals and contractors for wages

33A.Information relating to supply of employees

Part VIII EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN

SECTION

34.Prohibition of night work

35.Prohibition of underground work

36.Prohibition of employment by Minister

Part IX MATERNITY PROTECTION

SECTION

37.Length of eligible period and entitlement to maternity allowance

38.Payment of maternity allowance

39.Payment of allowance to nominee on death of female employee

40.Loss of maternity allowance for failure to notify employer

41.Payment of allowance to nominee

42.Restriction on dismissal of female employee after eligible period

43.Conditions contrary to Part void

44.Register of allowances paid

44a.Application of this Part irrespective of wages of female employee

Part X EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS

SECTION

45.Omitted or Deleted Section

Part XI DOMESTIC SERVANTS

SECTION

57.Termination of contract

57A.Employment of foreign domestic servant

57B.Duty to inform Director General of termination of service of foreign domestic servant

Part XII REST DAYS, HOURS OF WORK, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER CONDITIONS OF SERVICE

SECTION

58.Omitted or Deleted Section

58a.Non-application of Part XII

59.Rest day

60.Work on rest day

60a.Hours of work

60b.Task work

60c.Shift work

60d.Holidays

60e.Annual leave

60f.Sick leave

60g.Omitted or Deleted Section

60h.Omitted or Deleted Section

60i.Interpretation

Part XIIa TERMINATION, LAY-OFF, AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS

SECTION

60j.Termination, lay-off and retirement benefits

Part XIIb EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN EMPLOYEES

SECTION

60k.Duty to furnish information and returns

60l.Director General may inquire into complaint

60m.Prohibition on termination of local for foreign employee

60n.Termination of employment by reason of redundancy

60o.Permanent resident exempted from this Part

Part XIII REGISTERS, RETURNS AND NOTICE BOARDS

SECTION

61.Duty to keep registers

62.Power to make regulations requiring information as to wages

63.Duty to submit returns

63a.Duty to give notice and other information

64.Duty to display notice boards

Part XIV INSPECTION

SECTION

65.Powers of inspection and inquiry

66.Inspecting officer to notify presence

67.Powers of inspecting officers

68.Officers to be authorized by the Director General

Part XV COMPLAINTS AND INQUIRES

SECTION

69.Director General's power to inquire into complaints

69a.Limitation on power conferred by section 69

69b.Additional powers of Director General to inquire into complaints

69c.Claims for indemnity for termination of contract without notice

69d.Order of Director General may be in writing

69e.Penalty for offence

70.Procedure in Director General's inquiry

71.Director General's record of inquiry

72.Joinder of several complaints in one complaint

73.Prohibitory order by Director General to third party

74.No fees for summons: service of summons

75.Enforcement of Director General's order by Sessions Court

76.Submission by Director General to High Court on point of law

77.Appeal against Director General's order to High Court

78.Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond

79.Powers of Director General to investigate possible offences under this Act

80.Examination on summons by the Director General

81.Right of employee to appear before Director General

Part XVa SEXUAL HARASSMENT

SECTION

81A.Interpretation

81B.Inquiry into complaints of sexual harassment

81C.Findings of inquiry by employer

81D.Complaints of sexual harassment made to the Director General

81E.Effects of decisions of the Director General

81F.Offence

81G.Application of this Part irrespective of wages of employee

Part XVI PROCEDURE

SECTION

82.Service of summons issued under Part XV

83.Power to make reciprocal provisions between Malaysia and Singapore for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders

84.Jurisdiction

85.Prosecution

85a.Right of audience

86.Saving clause as to civil jurisdiction of courts

87.Power of court imposing fine

88.Effect of imprisonment

89.Incapacity of Director General hearing inquiry

90.Officers acting under Act deemed public servants

90A.Protection of officers

Part XVII OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

SECTION

91.Under Parts III and IV

92.Under Part IX

93.Under Part VIII

94.Under Part IX

95.Omitted or Deleted Section

96.Omitted or Deleted Section

97.Under Part XIII

98.Under Part XIV

99.Under Part XV

99a.General penalty

100.Penalties for failure or non-compliance in relation to rest days, overtime, holidays, annual leave, and sick leave

101.Offence in connection with inquiry or inspection

101a.Power to compound offences

101b.Offence by body corporate, etc.

Part XVIII REGULATIONS

SECTION

102.Regulations

Part XIX REPEAL AND SAVING

SECTION

103.Repeal and saving

Part XIX REPEAL AND SAVING

SECTION

First Schedule

Part XIX REPEAL AND SAVING

SECTION

Second Schedule

An Act relating to employment.

[1 June 1957, L.N. 228/1957; 1 April 2012 (P.U.(A) 88/2012)]

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265/1.Short title and application

Part I PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and application

(1) This Act may be cited as the Employment Act 1955.

(2) *This Act shall apply to *West Malaysia only.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 1. Short title and application

1.   Short title and application 

(1) This Act may be cited as the Employment Act 1955. 

(2) *This Act shall apply to *West Malaysia only.

*  NOTE - This Act has been extended to the Federal Territory of Labuan-See Federal Territory of Labuan (Extension and Modification of Employment Act) Order 2000 [P.U.(A) 400/2000].

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/2.Interpretation

2. Interpretation

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires--

"agricultural undertaking"

means any work in which any employee is employed under a contract of service for the purposes of agriculture, horticulture or silviculture, the tending of domestic animals and poultry or the collection of the produce of any plants or trees;

"apprenticeship contract"

means a written contract entered into by a person with an employer who undertakes to employ the person and train or have him trained systematically for a trade for a specified period which shall not be less than two years in the course of which the apprentice is bound to work in the employer's service;

"approved amenity or approved service"

means any amenity or service--

(a) approved by the Director General under subsection29(2) on application made to him by an employer for its inclusion in a contract of service; or 

(b) provided for in any award made by the Industrial Court or in any collective agreement; 

"approved incentive payment scheme"

means an incentive payment scheme approved by the Director General under, and for the purposes of, section 60i;

"collective agreement"

has the same meaning assigned thereto in the Industrial Relations Act 1967 [Act 177];

"confinement"

means parturition resulting after at least twenty-two weeks of pregnancy in the issue of a child or children, whether alive or dead, and shall for the purposes of this Act commence and end on the actual day of birth and where two or more children are born at one confinement shall commence and end on the day of the birth of the last-born of such children, and the word "confined" shall be construed accordingly;

"constructional contractor"

means any person, firm, corporation or company who or which is established for the purpose of undertaking, either exclusively or in addition to or in conjunction with any other business, any type of constructional work, and who or which is carrying out such constructional work for or on behalf of some other person under a contract entered into by him or them with such other person, and includes his or their heirs, executors, administrators, assignees and successors;

"constructional work"

includes the construction, reconstruction, maintenance, repair, alteration or demolition of any building, railway, harbour, dock, pier, canal, inland waterway, road, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, sewer, drain, well, dredge, wireless, telegraphic or telephonic installation, electrical undertaking, gaswork, waterwork or other work of construction, as well as the preparation for, or the laying of, the foundations of any such work or structure, and also any earthworks both in excavation and in filling;

"contract of service"

means any agreement, whether oral or in writing and whether express or implied, whereby one person agrees to employ another as an employee and that other agrees to serve his employer as an employee and includes an apprenticeship contract;

"contractor"

means any person who contracts with a principal to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal in the course of or for the purposes of the principal's trade or business;

"contractor for labour"

means a person who contracts with a principal, contractor or sub-contractor to supply the labour required for the execution of the whole or any part of any work which a contractor or sub-contractor has contracted to carry out for a principal or contractor, as the case may be;

"day"

means--

(a) a continuous period of twenty-four hours beginning at midnight; or 

(b) for the purposes of Part XII in respect of an employee engaged in shift work or in work where the normal hours of work extend beyond midnight, a continuous period of twenty-four hours beginning at any point of time; 

"Director General"

means the Director General of Labour appointed under subsection 3(1);

"domestic servant"

means a person employed in connection with the work of a private dwelling-house and not in connection with any trade, business, or profession carried on by the employer in such dwelling-house and includes a cook, house-servant, butler, child's nurse, valet, footman, gardener, washerman or washer-woman, watchman, groom and driver or cleaner of any vehicle licensed for private use;

"employee"

means any person or class of persons--

(a) included in any category in the First Schedule to the extent specified therein; or 

(b) in respect of whom the Minister makes an order under subsection(3) or section 2a; 

"foreign domestic servant"

means a domestic servant who is not a citizen or a permanent resident;

"employer"

means any person who has entered into a contract of service to employ any other person as an employee and includes the agent, manager or factor of such first mentioned person, and the word "employ", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, shall be construed accordingly;

"foreign employee"

means an employee who is not a citizen;

"Industrial Court"

has the same meaning assigned thereto in the Industrial Relations Act 1967;

"industrial undertaking"

includes--

(a) disturbing, removing, carting, carrying, washing, sifting, melting, refining, crushing or otherwise dealing with any rock, stone, gravel, clay, sand, soil, night-soil or mineral by any mode or method whatever; 

(b) industries in which articles are manufactured, altered, cleaned, repaired, ornamented, finished, adapted for sale, packed or otherwise prepared for delivery, broken up, or demolished, or in which materials are transformed or minerals treated, including shipbuilding and the generation, transformation and transmission of electricity or motive power of any kind; 

(c) constructional work; 

(d) transport of passengers or goods by road, rail, water or air, including the handling of goods at docks, quays, wharves, warehouses or airports; 

(e) any industry, establishment or undertaking, or any activity, service or work, declared under subsection (5) to be an industrial undertaking; 

"intoxicating liquor"

has the same meaning as that assigned to "intoxicating liquor" under section2 of the Customs Act 1967 [Act 235 ];

"machinery"

has the same meaning as in the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 [Act139];

"medical officer"

means a registered medical practitioner who is employed in a medical capacity by the Federal Government, or by the Government of a State;

"Minister"

means the Minister charged with the responsibility for human resources;

"part-time employee"

means a person included in the First Schedule whose average hours of work per week as agreed between him and his employer are more than thirty per centum but do not exceed seventy per centum of the normal hours of work per week of a full-time employee employed in a similar capacity in the same enterprise;

"permanent resident"

means a person, not being a citizen, who is permitted to reside in Malaysia without any limit of time imposed under any law relating to immigration, or who is certified by the Federal Government to be treated as such in Malaysia;

"place of employment"

means any place where work is carried on for an employer by an employee;

"principal"

means any person who in the course of or for the purposes of his trade or business contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal;

"registered medical practitioner"

means a medical practitioner registered under the Medical Act 1971 [Act 50];

"sexual harassment"

means any unwanted conduct of a sexual nature, whether verbal, non-verbal, visual, gestural or physical, directed at a person which is offensive or humiliating or is a threat to his well-being, arising out of and in the course of his employment;

"shift work"

means work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually, as the case may be, by two or more shifts;

"spread over period of ten hours"

means a period of ten consecutive hours to be reckoned from the time the employee commences work for the day, inclusive of any period or periods of leisure, rest or break within such period of ten consecutive hours;

"sub-contractor"

means any person who contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the sub-contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the contractor for his principal, and includes any person who contracts with a sub-contractor to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the sub-contractor for a contractor;

"underground working"

means any undertaking in which operations are conducted for the purpose of extracting any substance from below the surface of the earth, the ingress to and egress from which is by means of shafts, adits or natural caves;

"wage period"

means the period in respect of which wages earned by an employee are payable;

"wages"

means basic wages and all other payments in cash payable to an employee for work done in respect of his contract of service but does not include--

(a) the value of any house accommodation or the supply of any food, fuel, light or water or medical attendance, or of any approved amenity or approved service; 

(b) any contribution paid by the employer on his own account to any pension fund, provident fund, superannuation scheme, retrenchment, termination, lay-off or retirement scheme, thrift scheme or any other fund or scheme established for the benefit or welfare of the employee; 

(c) any travelling allowance or the value of any travelling concession; 

(d) any sum payable to the employee to defray special expenses entailed on him by the nature of his employment; 

(e) any gratuity payable on discharge or retirement; or 

(f) any annual bonus or any part of any annual bonus; 

"week"

means a continuous period of seven days;

*"West Malaysia"

has the meaning assigned thereto by section 3 of the Interpretation Acts 1948 and 1967 [Act 388 ], and includes the Federal Territory;

"year of age"

means a year from the date of a person's birth.

(2) The Minister may by order amend the First Schedule.

(3) The Minister may by order declare such provisions of this Act and any other written law as may be specified in the order to be applicable to any person or class of persons employed, engaged or contracted with to carry out work in any occupation in any agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, statutory body, local government authority, trade, business or place of work, and upon the coming into force of any such order--

(a) any person or class of persons specified in the order shall be deemed to be an employee or employees; 

(b) the person, statutory body or local government authority employing, engaging or contracting with every such person or class of persons shall be deemed to be an employer; 

(c) the employer and the employee shall be deemed to have entered into a contract of service with one another; 

(d) the place where such employee carries on work for his employer shall be deemed to be a place of employment; and 

(e) the remuneration of such employee shall be deemed to be wages, for the purposes of such specified provisions of this Act and any other written law.

(4) The Minister may make regulations in respect of the terms and conditions upon which the person or class of persons specified pursuant to subsection (3) may be employed.

(4ANotwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the Minister may make regulations--

(a) in respect of the terms and conditions of service of a part-time employee; and 

(b) prescribing the manner in which the hours of work of an employee are to be computed for the purposes of determining whether that employee falls within the definition of a "part-time employee". 

(5) The Minister may, from time to time, by notification published in the Gazette, declare any particular industry, establishment or undertaking, or any class, category or description of industries, establishments or undertakings or any particular activity, service or work, or any class, category or description of activities, services or works, to be an industrial undertaking for the purposes of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 2. Interpretation

2.   Interpretation 

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires- 

"agricultural undertaking" 

means any work in which any employee is employed under a contract of service for the purposes of agriculture, horticulture or silviculture, the tending of domestic animals and poultry or the collection of the produce of any plants or trees;

"apprenticeship contract" 

means a written contract entered into by a person with an employer who undertakes to employ the person and train or have him trained systematically for a trade for a specified period which shall not be less than two years in the course of which the apprentice is bound to work in the employer's service;

"approved amenity or approved service" 

means any amenity or service-

 (a) approved by the Director General under subsection29(2) on application made to him by an employer for its inclusion in a contract of service; or 

(b) provided for in any award made by the Industrial Court or in any collective agreement;   

"approved incentive payment scheme" 

means an incentive payment scheme approved by the Director General under, and for the purposes of, section 60i;

"collective agreement" 

has the same meaning assigned thereto in the Industrial Relations Act 1967 [Act 177];

"confinement" 

means parturition resulting after at least twenty-two weeks of pregnancy in the issue of a child or children, whether alive or dead, and shall for the purposes of this Act commence and end on the actual day of birth and where two or more children are born at one confinement shall commence and end on the day of the birth of the last-born of such children, and the word "confined" shall be construed accordingly;

"constructional contractor" 

means any person, firm, corporation or company who or which is established for the purpose of undertaking, either exclusively or in addition to or in conjunction with any other business, any type of constructional work, and who or which is carrying out such constructional work for or on behalf of some other person under a contract entered into by him or them with such other person, and includes his or their heirs, executors, administrators, assignees and successors;

"constructional work" 

includes the construction, reconstruction, maintenance, repair, alteration or demolition of any building, railway, harbour, dock, pier, canal, inland waterway, road, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, sewer, drain, well, dredge, wireless, telegraphic or telephonic installation, electrical undertaking, gaswork, waterwork or other work of construction, as well as the preparation for, or the laying of, the foundations of any such work or structure, and also any earthworks both in excavation and in filling;

"contract of service" 

means any agreement, whether oral or in writing and whether express or implied, whereby one person agrees to employ another as an employee and that other agrees to serve his employer as an employee and includes an apprenticeship contract;

"contractor" 

means any person who contracts with a principal to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal in the course of or for the purposes of the principal's trade or business;

"contractor for labour" 

means a person who contracts with a principal, contractor or sub-contractor to supply the labour required for the execution of the whole or any part of any work which a contractor or sub-contractor has contracted to carry out for a principal or contractor, as the case may be;

"day" 

means-

(a) a continuous period of twenty-four hours beginning at midnight; or 

(b) for the purposes of Part XII in respect of an employee engaged in shift work or in work where the normal hours of work extend beyond midnight, a continuous period of twenty-four hours beginning at any point of time;  

"Director General" 

means the Director General of Labour appointed under subsection 3(1);

"domestic servant" 

means a person employed in connection with the work of a private dwelling-house and not in connection with any trade, business, or profession carried on by the employer in such dwelling-house and includes a cook, house-servant, butler, child's nurse, valet, footman, gardener, washerman or washer-woman, watchman, groom and driver or cleaner of any vehicle licensed for private use;

"employee" 

means any person or class of persons-

(a) included in any category in the First Schedule to the extent specified therein; or 

(b) in respect of whom the Minister makes an order under subsection(3) or section 2a;  

"foreign domestic servant" 

means a domestic servant who is not a citizen or a permanent resident;

"employer" 

means any person who has entered into a contract of service to employ any other person as an employee and includes the agent, manager or factor of such first mentioned person, and the word "employ", with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, shall be construed accordingly;

"foreign employee" 

means an employee who is not a citizen;

"Industrial Court" 

has the same meaning assigned thereto in the Industrial Relations Act 1967;

"industrial undertaking" 

includes-

 (a) disturbing, removing, carting, carrying, washing, sifting, melting, refining, crushing or otherwise dealing with any rock, stone, gravel, clay, sand, soil, night-soil or mineral by any mode or method whatever; 

(b) industries in which articles are manufactured, altered, cleaned, repaired, ornamented, finished, adapted for sale, packed or otherwise prepared for delivery, broken up, or demolished, or in which materials are transformed or minerals treated, including shipbuilding and the generation, transformation and transmission of electricity or motive power of any kind; 

(c) constructional work; 

(d) transport of passengers or goods by road, rail, water or air, including the handling of goods at docks, quays, wharves, warehouses or airports; 

(e) any industry, establishment or undertaking, or any activity, service or work, declared under subsection (5) to be an industrial undertaking;  

"intoxicating liquor" 

has the same meaning as that assigned to "intoxicating liquor" under section2 of the Customs Act 1967 [Act 235 ];

"machinery" 

has the same meaning as in the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 [Act139];

"medical officer" 

means a registered medical practitioner who is employed in a medical capacity by the Federal Government, or by the Government of a State;

"Minister" 

means the Minister charged with the responsibility for human resources;

"part-time employee" 

means a person included in the First Schedule whose average hours of work per week as agreed between him and his employer are more than thirty per centum but do not exceed seventy per centum of the normal hours of work per week of a full-time employee employed in a similar capacity in the same enterprise;

"permanent resident" 

means a person, not being a citizen, who is permitted to reside in Malaysia without any limit of time imposed under any law relating to immigration, or who is certified by the Federal Government to be treated as such in Malaysia;

"place of employment" 

means any place where work is carried on for an employer by an employee;

"principal" 

means any person who in the course of or for the purposes of his trade or business contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal;

"registered medical practitioner" 

means a medical practitioner registered under the Medical Act 1971 [Act 50];

"sexual harassment" 

means any unwanted conduct of a sexual nature, whether verbal, non-verbal, visual, gestural or physical, directed at a person which is offensive or humiliating or is a threat to his well-being, arising out of and in the course of his employment;

"shift work" 

means work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually, as the case may be, by two or more shifts;

"spread over period of ten hours" 

means a period of ten consecutive hours to be reckoned from the time the employee commences work for the day, inclusive of any period or periods of leisure, rest or break within such period of ten consecutive hours;

"sub-contractor" 

means any person who contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the sub-contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the contractor for his principal, and includes any person who contracts with a sub-contractor to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the sub-contractor for a contractor;

"underground working" 

means any undertaking in which operations are conducted for the purpose of extracting any substance from below the surface of the earth, the ingress to and egress from which is by means of shafts, adits or natural caves;

"wage period" 

means the period in respect of which wages earned by an employee are payable;

"wages" 

means basic wages and all other payments in cash payable to an employee for work done in respect of his contract of service but does not include-

 (a) the value of any house accommodation or the supply of any food, fuel, light or water or medical attendance, or of any approved amenity or approved service; 

(b) any contribution paid by the employer on his own account to any pension fund, provident fund, superannuation scheme, retrenchment, termination, lay-off or retirement scheme, thrift scheme or any other fund or scheme established for the benefit or welfare of the employee; 

(c) any travelling allowance or the value of any travelling concession; 

(d) any sum payable to the employee to defray special expenses entailed on him by the nature of his employment; 

(e) any gratuity payable on discharge or retirement; or 

(f) any annual bonus or any part of any annual bonus;  

"week" 

means a continuous period of seven days;

*"West Malaysia" 

has the meaning assigned thereto by section 3 of the Interpretation Acts 1948 and 1967 [Act 388 ], and includes the Federal Territory;

"year of age" 

means a year from the date of a person's birth.

(2) The Minister may by order amend the First Schedule. 

(3) The Minister may by order declare such provisions of this Act and any other written law as may be specified in the order to be applicable to any person or class of persons employed, engaged or contracted with to carry out work in any occupation in any agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, statutory body, local government authority, trade, business or place of work, and upon the coming into force of any such order-

(a) any person or class of persons specified in the order shall be deemed to be an employee or employees; 

(b) the person, statutory body or local government authority employing, engaging or contracting with every such person or class of persons shall be deemed to be an employer; 

(c) the employer and the employee shall be deemed to have entered into a contract of service with one another; 

(d) the place where such employee carries on work for his employer shall be deemed to be a place of employment; and 

(e) the remuneration of such employee shall be deemed to be wages, for the purposes of such specified provisions of this Act and any other written law. 

(4) The Minister may make regulations in respect of the terms and conditions upon which the person or class of persons specified pursuant to subsection (3) may be employed. 

(4a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the Minister may make regulations-

(a) in respect of the terms and conditions of service of a part-time employee; and 

(b) prescribing the manner in which the hours of work of an employee are to be computed for the purposes of determining whether that employee falls within the definition of a "part-time employee".  

 (5) The Minister may, from time to time, by notification published in the Gazette, declare any particular industry, establishment or undertaking, or any class, category or description of industries, establishments or undertakings or any particular activity, service or work, or any class, category or description of activities, services or works, to be an industrial undertaking for the purposes of this Act.

*  NOTE" All references to "West Malaysia" shall be construed as references to "Peninsular Malaysia""See subsection 5(2) of the Interpretation (Amendment) Act 1997 [Act A996].

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/2A.Minister may prohibit employment other than under contract of service

2A. Minister may prohibit employment other than under contract of service

(1) The Minister may by order prohibit the employment, engagement or contracting of any person or class of persons to carry out work in any occupation in any agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, statutory body, local government authority, trade, business or place of work other than under a contract of service entered into with--

(a) the principal or owner of that agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, trade, business or place of work; or 

(b) that statutory body or that authority. 

(2) Upon the coming into force of any such order, the person or class of persons employed, engaged or contracted with to carry out the work shall be deemed to be an employee or employees and--

(a) the principal or owner of the agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, trade, business or place of work; or 

(b) the statutory body or local government authority, shall be deemed to be the employer for the purposes of such provisions of this Act and any other written law as may be specified in the order.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may by order approve the employment of any person or class of persons by such other person or class of persons (not being the principal or owner) as he may specify but subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose.

(4) Any person who contravenes any order made under this section commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 2 a . Minister may prohibit employment other than under contract of service

2a.   Minister may prohibit employment other than under contract of service 

(1) The Minister may by order prohibit the employment, engagement or contracting of any person or class of persons to carry out work in any occupation in any agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, statutory body, local government authority, trade, business or place of work other than under a contract of service entered into with-

(a) the principal or owner of that agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, trade, business or place of work; or 

(b) that statutory body or that authority.  

 (2) Upon the coming into force of any such order, the person or class of persons employed, engaged or contracted with to carry out the work shall be deemed to be an employee or employees and-

(a) the principal or owner of the agricultural or industrial undertaking, constructional work, trade, business or place of work; or 

(b) the statutory body or local government authority, shall be deemed to be the employer for the purposes of such provisions of this Act and any other written law as may be specified in the order. 

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may by order approve the employment of any person or class of persons by such other person or class of persons (not being the principal or owner) as he may specify but subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose. 

(4) Any person who contravenes any order made under this section commits an offence.

 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/2B.General power to exempt or exclude

2B. General power to exempt or exclude

The Minister may by order exempt or exclude, subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose, any person or class of persons from all or any of the provisions of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 2 b . General power to exempt or exclude

2b.   General power to exempt or exclude

The Minister may by order exempt or exclude, subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose, any person or class of persons from all or any of the provisions of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/3.Appointment of officers

3. Appointment of officers

(1) The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may appoint an officer to be styled the Director General of Labour, in this Act referred to as "the Director General".

(2) The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may appoint, to such number as he considers necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act, officers of the following categories, that is to say--

(a) Deputy Directors General of Labour; 

(b) Directors of Labour, Deputy Directors of Labour, Senior Assistant Directors of Labour and Assistant Directors of Labour; and 

(c) Labour Officers. 

(3) Subject to such limitations, if any, as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act, any officer appointed under subsection(2) shall perform all the duties imposed and may exercise all the powers conferred upon the Director General by this Act, and every duty so performed and power so exercised shall be deemed to have been duly performed and exercised for the purposes of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 3. Appointment of officers

3.   Appointment of officers 

(1) The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may appoint an officer to be styled the Director General of Labour, in this Act referred to as "the Director General". 

(2) The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may appoint, to such number as he considers necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act, officers of the following categories, that is to say-

(a) Deputy Directors General of Labour; 

(b) Directors of Labour, Deputy Directors of Labour, Senior Assistant Directors of Labour and Assistant Directors of Labour; and 

(c) Labour Officers.  

 (3) Subject to such limitations, if any, as may be prescribed by regulations made under this Act, any officer appointed under subsection(2) shall perform all the duties imposed and may exercise all the powers conferred upon the Director General by this Act, and every duty so performed and power so exercised shall be deemed to have been duly performed and exercised for the purposes of this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/4.Appeals

4. Appeals

Any person affected by any decision or order, other than an order or decision under section 69, 69B, 69C, 73 or subsection 81D(4), given or made by an officer appointed under subsection 3(2), may, if he is dissatisfied with such decision or order, within fourteen days of such decision or order being communicated to him appeal in writing therefrom to the Director General.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 4. Appeals

4.   Appeals

Any person affected by any decision or order, other than an order or decision under section 69, 69b, 69c, 73 or subsection 81d(4), given or made by an officer appointed under subsection 3(2), may, if he is dissatisfied with such decision or order, within fourteen days of such decision or order being communicated to him appeal in writing therefrom to the Director General.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/5.Effect on Act of other written laws

5. Effect on Act of other written laws

Nothing in this Act shall be construed as relieving any person who has entered into a contract of service, either as the employer or as the person employed, of any duty or liability imposed upon him by the provisions of any other written law for the time being in force in Malaysia or any part thereof or to limit any power which may be exercised by any public officer or any right conferred upon any such person as aforesaid under or by virtue of any such written law.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 5. Effect on Act of other written laws

5.   Effect on Act of other written laws

Nothing in this Act shall be construed as relieving any person who has entered into a contract of service, either as the employer or as the person employed, of any duty or liability imposed upon him by the provisions of any other written law for the time being in force in Malaysia or any part thereof or to limit any power which may be exercised by any public officer or any right conferred upon any such person as aforesaid under or by virtue of any such written law.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/6.Saving of existing contracts

Part II CONTRACTS OF SERVICE

6. Saving of existing contracts

Every agreement lawfully entered into between an employer and an employee before the coming into force of this Act shall if it is still legally binding upon the parties continue in force for such period as may be specified in the agreement and the parties thereto shall be subject to, and shall be entitled to the benefits of, this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 6. Saving of existing contracts

6.   Saving of existing contracts

Every agreement lawfully entered into between an employer and an employee before the coming into force of this Act shall if it is still legally binding upon the parties continue in force for such period as may be specified in the agreement and the parties thereto shall be subject to, and shall be entitled to the benefits of, this Act.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/7.More favourable conditions of service under the Act to prevail

7. More favourable conditions of service under the Act to prevail

Subject to section7a, any term or condition of a contract of service or of an agreement, whether such contract or agreement was entered into before or after the coming into force of this Act, which provides a term or condition of service which is less favourable to an employee than a term or condition of service prescribed by this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder shall be void and of no effect to that extent and the more favourable provisions of this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder shall be substituted therefor.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 7. More favourable conditions of service under the Act to prevail

7.   More favourable conditions of service under the Act to prevail

Subject to section7a, any term or condition of a contract of service or of an agreement, whether such contract or agreement was entered into before or after the coming into force of this Act, which provides a term or condition of service which is less favourable to an employee than a term or condition of service prescribed by this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder shall be void and of no effect to that extent and the more favourable provisions of this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder shall be substituted therefor.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/7A.Validity of any term or condition of service which is more favourable

7A. Validity of any term or condition of service which is more favourable

Subject to any express prohibition under this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder, nothing in section7 shall be construed as preventing an employer and an employee from agreeing to any term or condition of service under which an employee is employed, or shall render invalid any term or condition of service stipulated in any collective agreement or in any award of the Industrial Court, which is more favourable to the employee than the provisions of this Act or any regulations, order, or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 7 a . Validity of any term or condition of service which is more favourable

7a.   Validity of any term or condition of service which is more favourable

Subject to any express prohibition under this Act or any regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder, nothing in section7 shall be construed as preventing an employer and an employee from agreeing to any term or condition of service under which an employee is employed, or shall render invalid any term or condition of service stipulated in any collective agreement or in any award of the Industrial Court, which is more favourable to the employee than the provisions of this Act or any regulations, order, or other subsidiary legislation whatsoever made thereunder.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/7B.Removal of doubt in respect of matters not provided for by or under this Act

7B. Removal of doubt in respect of matters not provided for by or under this Act

For the removal of doubt it is hereby declared that if no provision is made in respect of any matter under this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder, or if no regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation has been made on any matter in respect of which regulations, or an order or other subsidiary legislation may be made under this Act, it shall not be construed as preventing such matter from being provided for in a contract of service, or from being negotiated upon between an employer and an employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 7 b . Removal of doubt in respect of matters not provided for by or under this Act

7b.   Removal of doubt in respect of matters not provided for by or under this Act

For the removal of doubt it is hereby declared that if no provision is made in respect of any matter under this Act or any subsidiary legislation made thereunder, or if no regulations, order or other subsidiary legislation has been made on any matter in respect of which regulations, or an order or other subsidiary legislation may be made under this Act, it shall not be construed as preventing such matter from being provided for in a contract of service, or from being negotiated upon between an employer and an employee.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/8.Contracts of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organize trade unions

8. Contracts of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organize trade unions

Nothing in any contract of service shall in any manner restrict the right of any employee who is a party to such contract--

(a) to join a registered trade union; 

(b) to participate in the activities of a registered trade union, whether as an officer of such union or otherwise; or 

(c) to associate with any other persons for the purpose of organizing a trade union in accordance with the Trade Unions Act 1959 [Act 262]. 

 Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 8. Contracts of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organize trade unions

 

8.   Contracts of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organize trade unions

Nothing in any contract of service shall in any manner restrict the right of any employee who is a party to such contract-

(a) to join a registered trade union; 

(b) to participate in the activities of a registered trade union, whether as an officer of such union or otherwise; or 

(c) to associate with any other persons for the purpose of organizing a trade union in accordance with the Trade Unions Act 1959 [Act 262].  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/9.Omitted or Deleted Section

9. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 9. Omitted or Deleted Section

9.   Omitted or Deleted Section (Deleted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/10.Contracts to be in writing and to include provision for termination

10. Contracts to be in writing and to include provision for termination

(1) A contract of service for a specified period of time exceeding one month or for the performance of a specified piece of work, where the time reasonably required for the completion of the work exceeds or may exceed one month, shall be in writing.

(2) In every written contract of service a clause shall be included setting out the manner in which such contract may be terminated by either party in accordance with this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 10. Contracts to be in writing and to include provision for termination

10.   Contracts to be in writing and to include provision for termination 

(1) A contract of service for a specified period of time exceeding one month or for the performance of a specified piece of work, where the time reasonably required for the completion of the work exceeds or may exceed one month, shall be in writing. 

(2) In every written contract of service a clause shall be included setting out the manner in which such contract may be terminated by either party in accordance with this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/11.Provision as to termination of contracts

11. Provision as to termination of contracts

(1) A contract of service for a specified period of time or for the performance of a specified piece of work shall, unless otherwise terminated in accordance with this Part, terminate when the period of time for which such contract was made has expired or when the piece of work specified in such contract has been completed.

(2) A contract of service for an unspecified period of time shall continue in force until terminated in accordance with this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 11. Provision as to termination of contracts

11.   Provision as to termination of contracts 

(1) A contract of service for a specified period of time or for the performance of a specified piece of work shall, unless otherwise terminated in accordance with this Part, terminate when the period of time for which such contract was made has expired or when the piece of work specified in such contract has been completed. 

(2) A contract of service for an unspecified period of time shall continue in force until terminated in accordance with this Part.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/12.Notice of termination of contract

12. Notice of termination of contract

(1) Either party to a contract of service may at any time give to the other party notice of his intention to terminate such contract of service.

(2) The length of such notice shall be the same for both employer and employee and shall be determined by a provision made in writing for such notice in the terms of the contract of service, or, in the absence of such provision in writing, shall not be less than--

(a) four weeks' notice if the employee has been so employed for less than two years on the date on which the notice is given; 

(b) six weeks' notice if he has been so employed for two years or more but less than five years on such date; 

(c) eight weeks' notice if he has been so employed for five years or more on such date: 

Provided that this section shall not be taken to prevent either party from waiving his right to a notice under this subsection.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (2), where the termination of service of the employee is attributable wholly or mainly to the fact that--

(a) the employer has ceased, or intends to cease to carry on the business for the purposes of which the employee was employed; 

(b) the employer has ceased or intends to cease to carry on the business in the place at which the employee was contracted to work; 

(c) the requirements of that business for the employee to carry out work of a particular kind have ceased or diminished or are expected to cease or diminish; 

(d) the requirements of that business for the employee to carry out work of a particular kind in the place at which he was contracted to work have ceased or diminished or are expected to cease or diminish; 

(e) the employee has refused to accept his transfer to any other place of employment, unless his contract of service requires him to accept such transfer; or 

(f) a change has occurred in the ownership of the business for the purpose of which an employee is employed or of a part of such business, regardless of whether the change occurs by virtue of a sale or other disposition or by operation of law, 

the employee shall be entitled to, and the employer shall give to the employee, notice of termination of service, and the length of such notice shall be not less than that provided under paragraph (2)(a), (b) or (c) , as the case may be, regardless of anything to the contrary contained in the contract of service.

(4) Such notice shall be written and may be given at any time, and the day on which the notice is given shall be included in the period of the notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 12. Notice of termination of contract

12.   Notice of termination of contract 

(1) Either party to a contract of service may at any time give to the other party notice of his intention to terminate such contract of service. 

(2) The length of such notice shall be the same for both employer and employee and shall be determined by a provision made in writing for such notice in the terms of the contract of service, or, in the absence of such provision in writing, shall not be less than-

(a) four weeks' notice if the employee has been so employed for less than two years on the date on which the notice is given; 

(b) six weeks' notice if he has been so employed for two years or more but less than five years on such date; 

(c) eight weeks' notice if he has been so employed for five years or more on such date:  

Provided that this section shall not be taken to prevent either party from waiving his right to a notice under this subsection. 

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsection (2), where the termination of service of the employee is attributable wholly or mainly to the fact that-

(a) the employer has ceased, or intends to cease to carry on the business for the purposes of which the employee was employed; 

(b) the employer has ceased or intends to cease to carry on the business in the place at which the employee was contracted to work; 

(c) the requirements of that business for the employee to carry out work of a particular kind have ceased or diminished or are expected to cease or diminish; 

(d) the requirements of that business for the employee to carry out work of a particular kind in the place at which he was contracted to work have ceased or diminished or are expected to cease or diminish; 

(e) the employee has refused to accept his transfer to any other place of employment, unless his contract of service requires him to accept such transfer; or 

(f) a change has occurred in the ownership of the business for the purpose of which an employee is employed or of a part of such business, regardless of whether the change occurs by virtue of a sale or other disposition or by operation of law, the employee shall be entitled to, and the employer shall give to the employee, notice of termination of service, and the length of such notice shall be not less than that provided under paragraph (2)(a), (b) or (c) , as the case may be, regardless of anything to the contrary contained in the contract of service. 

(4) Such notice shall be written and may be given at any time, and the day on which the notice is given shall be included in the period of the notice.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/13.Termination of contract without notice

13. Termination of contract without notice

(1) Either party to a contract of service may terminate such contract of service without notice or, if notice has already been given in accordance with section 12, without waiting for the expiry of that notice, by paying to the other party an indemnity of a sum equal to the amount of wages which would have accrued to the employee during the term of such notice or during the unexpired term of such notice.

(2) Either party to a contract of service may terminate such contract of service without notice in the event of any wilful breach by the other party of a condition of the contract of service.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 13. Termination of contract without notice

13.   Termination of contract without notice 

(1) Either party to a contract of service may terminate such contract of service without notice or, if notice has already been given in accordance with section 12, without waiting for the expiry of that notice, by paying to the other party an indemnity of a sum equal to the amount of wages which would have accrued to the employee during the term of such notice or during the unexpired term of such notice. 

(2) Either party to a contract of service may terminate such contract of service without notice in the event of any wilful breach by the other party of a condition of the contract of service.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265/14.Termination of contract for special reasons

14. Termination of contract for special reasons

(1) An employer may, on the grounds of misconduct inconsistent with the fulfilment of the express or implied conditions of his service, after due inquiry--

(a) dismiss without notice the employee; 

(b) downgrade the employee; or 

(c) impose any other lesser punishment as he deems just and ?fit, and where a punishment of suspension without wages is imposed, it shall not exceed a period of two weeks. 

(2) For the purposes of an inquiry under subsection (1), the employer may suspend the employee from work for a period not exceeding two weeks but shall pay him not less than half his wages for such period:

Provided that if the inquiry does not disclose any misconduct on the part of the employee the employer shall forthwith restore to the employee the full amount of wages so withheld.

(3) An employee may terminate his contract of service with his employer without notice where he or his dependants are immediately threatened by danger to the person by violence or disease such as such employee did not by his contract of service undertake to run.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 14. Termination of contract for special reasons

14.   Termination of contract for special reasons 

(1) An employer may, on the grounds of misconduct inconsistent with the fulfilment of the express or implied conditions of his service, after due inquiry-

(a) dismiss without notice the employee;

(b) downgrade the employee; or 

(c) impose any other lesser punishment as he deems just and ?fit, and where a punishment of suspension without wages is imposed, it shall not exceed a period of two weeks.  

 (2) For the purposes of an inquiry under subsection (1), the employer may suspend the employee from work for a period not exceeding two weeks but shall pay him not less than half his wages for such period:

Provided that if the inquiry does not disclose any misconduct on the part of the employee the employer shall forthwith restore to the employee the full amount of wages so withheld. 

(3) An employee may terminate his contract of service with his employer without notice where he or his dependants are immediately threatened by danger to the person by violence or disease such as such employee did not by his contract of service undertake to run.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/15.When contract is deemed to be broken by employer and employee

15. When contract is deemed to be broken by employer and employee

(1) An employer shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employee if he fails to pay wages in accordance with Part III.

(2) An employee shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employer if he has been continuously absent from work for more than two consecutive working days without prior leave from his employer, unless he has a reasonable excuse for such absence and has informed or attempted to inform his employer of such excuse prior to or at the earliest opportunity during such absence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 15. When contract is deemed to be broken by employer and employee

15.   When contract is deemed to be broken by employer and employee 

(1) An employer shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employee if he fails to pay wages in accordance with Part III. 

(2) An employee shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employer if he has been continuously absent from work for more than two consecutive working days without prior leave from his employer, unless he has a reasonable excuse for such absence and has informed or attempted to inform his employer of such excuse prior to or at the earliest opportunity during such absence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/16.Employees on estates to be provided with minimum number of days' work in each month

16. Employees on estates to be provided with minimum number of days' work in each month

(1) Where an employee is employed in any agricultural undertaking on an estate on a contract of service under which he earns wages calculated by reference to the number of days' work performed in each month of his service, his employer shall be bound either to provide him with work suitable to his capacity on not less than twenty-four days in each month during the whole of which he is so employed, or if the employer is unable or fails to provide work on twenty-four days in each month whereon the employee is willing and fit to work, the employer shall nevertheless be bound to pay to the employee in respect of each of such days wages at the same rate as if such employee had performed a day's work:

Provided that any dispute as to whether an employee was willing or fit to work shall be referred to the Director General for his decision:

Provided further that in computing twenty-four days for the purposes of this subsection account shall not be taken of more than six days in any week.

(2) A contract of service shall be deemed to be broken by an employer if he fails to provide work or pay wages in accordance with subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 16. Employees on estates to be provided with minimum number of days' work in each month

16.   Employees on estates to be provided with minimum number of days' work in each month 

(1) Where an employee is employed in any agricultural undertaking on an estate on a contract of service under which he earns wages calculated by reference to the number of days' work performed in each month of his service, his employer shall be bound either to provide him with work suitable to his capacity on not less than twenty-four days in each month during the whole of which he is so employed, or if the employer is unable or fails to provide work on twenty-four days in each month whereon the employee is willing and fit to work, the employer shall nevertheless be bound to pay to the employee in respect of each of such days wages at the same rate as if such employee had performed a day's work:

Provided that any dispute as to whether an employee was willing or fit to work shall be referred to the Director General for his decision:

Provided further that in computing twenty-four days for the purposes of this subsection account shall not be taken of more than six days in any week. 

(2) A contract of service shall be deemed to be broken by an employer if he fails to provide work or pay wages in accordance with subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/17.Omitted or Deleted Section

17. Omitted or Deleted Section (Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 17. Omitted or Deleted Section

17.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A360).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/17A.Apprenticeship contracts excluded from sections 10 to 16

17A. Apprenticeship contracts excluded from sections 10 to 16

sections 10 to 16 shall not apply to apprenticeship contracts which are in a form approved by and of which a copy has been filed with the Director General.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 17 a . Apprenticeship contracts excluded from sections 10 to 16

17a.   Apprenticeship contracts excluded from sections 10 to 16

sections 10 to 16 shall not apply to apprenticeship contracts which are in a form approved by and of which a copy has been filed with the Director General.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/18.Wage period

Part III PAYMENT OF WAGES

18. Wage period

(1) A contract of service shall specify a wage period not exceeding one month.

(2) If in any contract of service no wage period is specified the wage period shall for the purposes of the contract be deemed to be one month.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 18. Wage period

18.   Wage period 

(1) A contract of service shall specify a wage period not exceeding one month. 

(2) If in any contract of service no wage period is specified the wage period shall for the purposes of the contract be deemed to be one month.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265/19.Time of payment of wages

19. Time of payment of wages

(1) Subject to subsection (2), every employer shall pay to each of his employees not later than the seventh day after the last day of any wage period the wages, less lawful deductions earned by such employee during such wage period.

(2) Wages for work done on a rest day, gazetted public holiday referred to in paragraphs 60D(1) (a) and (b) and overtime referred to in section 60A shall be paid not later than the last day of the next wage period.

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2) if the Director General is satisfied that payment within such time is not reasonably practicable, he may, on the application of the employer, extend the time of payment by such number of days he thinks fit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 19. Time of payment of wages

19.   Time of payment of wages 

(1) Subject to subsection (2), every employer shall pay to each of his employees not later than the seventh day after the last day of any wage period the wages, less lawful deductions earned by such employee during such wage period. 

(2) Wages for work done on a rest day, gazetted public holiday referred to in paragraphs 60d(1) (a) and (b) and overtime referred to in section 60a shall be paid not later than the last day of the next wage period. 

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2) if the Director General is satisfied that payment within such time is not reasonably practicable, he may, on the application of the employer, extend the time of payment by such number of days he thinks fit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/20.Payment on normal termination of contract

20. Payment on normal termination of contract

The wages, less lawful deductions, earned by but not yet paid to an employee whose contract of service terminates in accordance with subsection 11(1) or of section 12 shall be paid to such employee not later than the day on which such contract of service so terminates.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 20. Payment on normal termination of contract

20.   Payment on normal termination of contract

The wages, less lawful deductions, earned by but not yet paid to an employee whose contract of service terminates in accordance with subsection 11(1) or of section 12 shall be paid to such employee not later than the day on which such contract of service so terminates.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/21.Payment on termination of contract in special circumstances and on breach of contract

21. Payment on termination of contract in special circumstances and on breach of contract

(1) Where an employer terminates the contract of service of an employee without notice in accordance with subsection13(1) or (2) and paragraph 14(1)(a)--

(a) the wages, less any deductions which the employer is entitled to make under section 24, earned by such employee up to and including the day immediately preceding the day on which the termination of the contract of service takes effect; and 

(b) in addition, where the employer terminates the contract of service under subsection 13(1), the indemnity payable to the employee under that subsection, shall be paid by the employer to the employee not later than the day on which such contract of service is so terminated.

(2) Where an employee terminates his contract of service with an employer without notice in accordance with subsection 13(1) or (2) or subsection 14(3), the wages, less any deductions which the employer is entitled to make under section24, earned by such employee up to and including the day immediately preceding the day on which the termination of the contract of service takes effect shall be paid by the employer to the employee not later than the third day after the day on which the contract of service is so terminated.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 21. Payment on termination of contract in special circumstances and on breach of contract

21.   Payment on termination of contract in special circumstances and on breach of contract 

(1) Where an employer terminates the contract of service of an employee without notice in accordance with subsection13(1) or (2) and paragraph 14(1)(a)-

(a) the wages, less any deductions which the employer is entitled to make under section 24, earned by such employee up to and including the day immediately preceding the day on which the termination of the contract of service takes effect; and 

(b) in addition, where the employer terminates the contract of service under subsection 13(1), the indemnity payable to the employee under that subsection, shall be paid by the employer to the employee not later than the day on which such contract of service is so terminated. 

(2) Where an employee terminates his contract of service with an employer without notice in accordance with subsection 13(1) or (2) or subsection 14(3), the wages, less any deductions which the employer is entitled to make under section24, earned by such employee up to and including the day immediately preceding the day on which the termination of the contract of service takes effect shall be paid by the employer to the employee not later than the third day after the day on which the contract of service is so terminated.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/22.Limitation on advances to employees

22. Limitation on advances to employees

(1) No employer shall during any one month make to an employee an advance or advances of wages not already earned by such employee which exceeds in the aggregate the amount of wages which the employee earned in the preceding month from his employment with such employer, or if he has not been so long in the employment of such employer, the amount which he is likely to earn in such employment during one month, unless such advance is made to the employee--

(a) to enable him to purchase a house or to build or improve a house; 

(b) to enable him to purchase land; 

(c) (deleted by A1419)

(d) to enable him to purchase a motorcar, a motorcycle or a bicycle;

(da) to enable him to purchase shares of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer; 

(db) to enable him to purchase a computer; 

(dc) to enable him to pay for medical expenses for himself or his immediate family members; 

(dd) to enable him to pay for daily expenses pending receipt of any periodical payments for temporary disablement under the Employees' Social Security Act 1969 [Act 4]; 

(de) to enable him to pay for educational expenses for himself or his immediate family members; 

(e) for any other purpose-- 

(i) in respect of which an application in writing is made by the employer to the Director General; 

(ii) which is, in the opinion of the Director General, beneficial to the employee; and 

(iii) which is approved in writing by the Director General, provided that in granting such approval, the Director General may make such modifications thereto or impose such conditions thereon as he may deem proper; 

(f) for such other purpose as the Minister may, from time to time, by notification in the Gazette, specify either generally in respect of all employees, or only in respect of any particular employee, or any class, category or description of employees. 

(2) For the purpose of this section, "immediate family members" means the employees' parents, children, siblings or any other person under the employee's guardianship.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 22. Limitation on advances to employees

22.   Limitation on advances to employees 

(1) No employer shall during any one month make to an employee an advance or advances of wages not already earned by such employee which exceeds in the aggregate the amount of wages which the employee earned in the preceding month from his employment with such employer, or if he has not been so long in the employment of such employer, the amount which he is likely to earn in such employment during one month, unless such advance is made to the employee- 

 (a) to enable him to purchase a house or to build or improve a house; 

(b) to enable him to purchase land; 

(c) (deleted by A1419)  

(d) to enable him to purchase a motorcar, a motorcycle or a bicycle; 

(da) to enable him to purchase shares of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer; 

(db) to enable him to purchase a computer; 

(dc) to enable him to pay for medical expenses for himself or his immediate family members; 

(dd) to enable him to pay for daily expenses pending receipt of any periodical payments for temporary disablement under the Employees' Social Security Act 1969 [Act 4];  

(de) to enable him to pay for educational expenses for himself or his immediate family members; 

(e) for any other purpose- 

(i) in respect of which an application in writing is made by the employer to the Director General; 

(ii) which is, in the opinion of the Director General, beneficial to the employee; and 

(iii) which is approved in writing by the Director General, provided that in granting such approval, the Director General may make such modifications thereto or impose such conditions thereon as he may deem proper; 

(f) for such other purpose as the Minister may, from time to time, by notification in the Gazette, specify either generally in respect of all employees, or only in respect of any particular employee, or any class, category or description of employees.  

 (2) For the purpose of this section, "immediate family members" means the employees' parents, children, siblings or any other person under the employee's guardianship.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/23.Wages not due for absence from work through imprisonment or attendance in court

23. Wages not due for absence from work through imprisonment or attendance in court

Wages shall not become payable to or recoverable by any employee from his employer for or on account of the term of any sentence of imprisonment undergone by him or for any period spent by him in custody or for or on account of any period spent by him in going to or returning from prison or other place of custody or for or on account of any period spent by him in going to, attending before or returning from a court otherwise than as a witness on his employer's behalf.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 23. Wages not due for absence from work through imprisonment or attendance in court

23.   Wages not due for absence from work through imprisonment or attendance in court

Wages shall not become payable to or recoverable by any employee from his employer for or on account of the term of any sentence of imprisonment undergone by him or for any period spent by him in custody or for or on account of any period spent by him in going to or returning from prison or other place of custody or for or on account of any period spent by him in going to, attending before or returning from a court otherwise than as a witness on his employer's behalf.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/24.Lawful deductions

Part IV DEDUCTIONS FROM WAGES

24. Lawful deductions

(1) No deductions shall be made by an employer from the wages of an employee otherwise than in accordance with this Act.

(2) It shall be lawful for an employer to make the following deductions:

(a) deductions to the extent of any overpayment of wages made during the immediately preceding three months from the month in which deductions are to be made, by the employer to the employee by the employer's mistake; 

(b) deductions for the indemnity due to the employer by the employee under subsection 13(1); 

(c) deductions for the recovery of advances of wages made under section 22 provided no interest is charged on the advances; and 

(d) deductions authorized by any other written law. 

(3) The following deductions shall only be made at the request in writing of the employee:

(a) deductions in respect of the payments to a registered trade union or co-operative thrift and loan society of any sum of money due to the trade union or society by the employee on account of entrance fees, subscriptions, instalments and interest on loans, or other dues; and 

(b) deductions in respect of payments for any shares of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer and purchased by the employee. 

(4) The following deductions shall not be made except at the request in writing of the employee and with the prior permission in writing of the Director General:

(a) deductions in respect of payments into any superannuation scheme, provident fund, employer's welfare scheme or insurance scheme established for the benefit of the employee; 

(b) deductions in respect of repayments of advances of wages made to an employee under section 22 where interest is levied on the advances and deductions in respect of the payments of the interest so levied; 

(c) deductions in respect of payments to a third party on behalf of the employee; 

(d) deductions in respect of payments for the purchase by the employee of any goods of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer; and 

(e) deductions in respect of the rental for accommodation and the cost of services, food and meals provided by the employer to the employee at the employee's request or under the terms of the employee's contract of service. 

(5) The Director General shall not permit any deduction for payments under paragraph (4)(e) unless he is satisfied that the provision of the accommodation, services, food or meals is for the benefit of the employee.

(6) Where an employee obtains foodstuff, provisions or other goods on credit from a shop the business of which is carried on by a co-operative society registered under the Co-operative Societies Act 1993 [Act 502], it shall be lawful for his employer, at the request in writing of the employee and with the agreement of the manager of the co-operative shop, to make deductions from the wages of the employee of an amount not exceeding the amount of the credit and to pay the amount so deducted to the manager in satisfaction of the employee's debt.

(7) Notwithstanding subsections (2), (3), (4) and (6) the Director General, on an application by an employer or a specified class or classes of employers, may permit any deduction for a specified purpose from the wages of an employee or a specified class or classes of employees subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose.

(8) The total of any amounts deducted under this section from the wages of an employee in respect of any one month shall not exceed fifty per centum of the wages earned by that employee in that month.

(9) The limitation in subsection (8) shall not apply to --

(a) deductions from the indemnity payable by an employer to an employee under subsection 13(1); 

(b) deductions from the final payment of the wages of an employee for any amount due to the employer and remaining unpaid by the employee on the termination of the employee's contract of service; and 

(c) deductions for the repayment of a housing loan which, subject to the prior permission in writing of the Director General, may exceed the fifty per centum limit by an additional amount of not more than twenty-five per centum of the wages earned. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 24. Lawful deductions

24.   Lawful deductions 

(1) No deductions shall be made by an employer from the wages of an employee otherwise than in accordance with this Act. 

(2) It shall be lawful for an employer to make the following deductions:

(a) deductions to the extent of any overpayment of wages made during the immediately preceding three months from the month in which deductions are to be made, by the employer to the employee by the employer's mistake; 

(b) deductions for the indemnity due to the employer by the employee under subsection 13(1); 

(c) deductions for the recovery of advances of wages made under section 22 provided no interest is charged on the advances; and 

(d) deductions authorized by any other written law.  

(3) The following deductions shall only be made at the request in writing of the employee:

(a) deductions in respect of the payments to a registered trade union or co-operative thrift and loan society of any sum of money due to the trade union or society by the employee on account of entrance fees, subscriptions, instalments and interest on loans, or other dues; and 

(b) deductions in respect of payments for any shares of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer and purchased by the employee.  

 (4) The following deductions shall not be made except at the request in writing of the employee and with the prior permission in writing of the Director General:

(a) deductions in respect of payments into any superannuation scheme, provident fund, employer's welfare scheme or insurance scheme established for the benefit of the employee; 

(b) deductions in respect of repayments of advances of wages made to an employee under section 22 where interest is levied on the advances and deductions in respect of the payments of the interest so levied; 

(c) deductions in respect of payments to a third party on behalf of the employee; 

(d) deductions in respect of payments for the purchase by the employee of any goods of the employer's business offered for sale by the employer; and 

(e) deductions in respect of the rental for accommodation and the cost of services, food and meals provided by the employer to the employee at the employee's request or under the terms of the employee's contract of service.  

 (5) The Director General shall not permit any deduction for payments under paragraph (4)(e) unless he is satisfied that the provision of the accommodation, services, food or meals is for the benefit of the employee. 

(6) Where an employee obtains foodstuff, provisions or other goods on credit from a shop the business of which is carried on by a co-operative society registered under the Co-operative Societies Act 1993 [Act 502], it shall be lawful for his employer, at the request in writing of the employee and with the agreement of the manager of the co-operative shop, to make deductions from the wages of the employee of an amount not exceeding the amount of the credit and to pay the amount so deducted to the manager in satisfaction of the employee's debt. 

(7) Notwithstanding subsections (2), (3), (4) and (6) the Director General, on an application by an employer or a specified class or classes of employers, may permit any deduction for a specified purpose from the wages of an employee or a specified class or classes of employees subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose. 

(8) The total of any amounts deducted under this section from the wages of an employee in respect of any one month shall not exceed fifty per centum of the wages earned by that employee in that month. 

(9) The limitation in subsection (8) shall not apply to -

(a) deductions from the indemnity payable by an employer to an employee under subsection 13(1); 

(b) deductions from the final payment of the wages of an employee for any amount due to the employer and remaining unpaid by the employee on the termination of the employee's contract of service; and 

(c) deductions for the repayment of a housing loan which, subject to the prior permission in writing of the Director General, may exceed the fifty per centum limit by an additional amount of not more than twenty-five per centum of the wages earned.  

 Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/25.Wages to be paid through bank

 

Part V SYSTEM OF PAYMENT OF WAGES

25. Wages to be paid through bank

(1) The entire amount of wages earned by, or payable to, any employee in respect of any work done by him less any lawful deductions, shall be actually paid to him through payment into an account at a bank, finance company, financial institution or other institutions licensed or established under the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989 [Act 372] or any other written law, in any part of Malaysia being an account in the name of the employee or an account in the name of the employee jointly with one or more persons as stipulated by the employee.

(2) Every employee shall be entitled to recover in the courts so much of his wages, exclusive of sums lawfully deducted under Part IV, as shall not have been actually paid to him in accordance with subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 25. Wages to be paid through bank

25.   Wages to be paid through bank 

(1) The entire amount of wages earned by, or payable to, any employee in respect of any work done by him less any lawful deductions, shall be actually paid to him through payment into an account at a bank, finance company, financial institution or other institutions licensed or established under the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989 [Act 372] or any other written law, in any part of Malaysia being an account in the name of the employee or an account in the name of the employee jointly with one or more persons as stipulated by the employee. 

(2) Every employee shall be entitled to recover in the courts so much of his wages, exclusive of sums lawfully deducted under Part IV, as shall not have been actually paid to him in accordance with subsection (1).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/25A.Payment of wages other than through bank

25A. Payment of wages other than through bank

(1) Notwithstanding subsection 25(1), an employer may, upon a written request of the employee, other than a domestic servant, make payment of his employee's wages--

(a) in legal tender; or 

(b) by cheque made payable to or to the order of the employee. 

(2) In the case of a domestic servant, the employer shall, upon the request of his domestic servant, obtain approval from the Director General for the payment of wages of the domestic servant to be paid in legal tender or by cheque.

(3) The request by the employee under subsections (1) and (2) may be withdrawn by the employee at any time, by notice in writing, to the employer.

(4) The notice referred to in subsection (3) shall take effect at, but not before, the end of the period of four weeks beginning with the day on which the notice is given.

(5) The request of the employee to the mode of payment of wages under subsections (1) and (2) shall not be unreasonably withheld by the employer.

(6) Any dispute arising out of the request by the employee under subsections (1) and (2) shall be referred to the Director General whose decision on the matter shall be final.

(7) Section 69 shall not apply in respect of any dispute under subsection (6).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 25 a . Payment of wages other than through bank

25a.   Payment of wages other than through bank 

(1) Notwithstanding subsection 25(1), an employer may, upon a written request of the employee, other than a domestic servant, make payment of his employee's wages-

(a) in legal tender; or 

(b) by cheque made payable to or to the order of the employee.  

(2) In the case of a domestic servant, the employer shall, upon the request of his domestic servant, obtain approval from the Director General for the payment of wages of the domestic servant to be paid in legal tender or by cheque. 

(3) The request by the employee under subsections (1) and (2) may be withdrawn by the employee at any time, by notice in writing, to the employer. 

(4) The notice referred to in subsection (3) shall take effect at, but not before, the end of the period of four weeks beginning with the day on which the notice is given. 

(5) The request of the employee to the mode of payment of wages under subsections (1) and (2) shall not be unreasonably withheld by the employer. 

(6) Any dispute arising out of the request by the employee under subsections (1) and (2) shall be referred to the Director General whose decision on the matter shall be final. 

(7) Section 69 shall not apply in respect of any dispute under subsection (6).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/26.Conditions restricting place at which, manner in which and person with whom wages paid to be spent, illegal

26. Conditions restricting place at which, manner in which and person with whom wages paid to be spent, illegal

No employer shall impose any condition in any contract of service as to the place at which, or the manner in which, or the person with whom, any wages paid to the employee are to be expended and any such condition in a contract of service shall be void and of no effect.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 26. Conditions restricting place at which, manner in which and person with whom wages paid to be spent, illegal

26.   Conditions restricting place at which, manner in which and person with whom wages paid to be spent, illegal

No employer shall impose any condition in any contract of service as to the place at which, or the manner in which, or the person with whom, any wages paid to the employee are to be expended and any such condition in a contract of service shall be void and of no effect.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/27.Interest on advances forbidden

27. Interest on advances forbidden

No employer shall--

(a)  make any deduction; or 

(b) receive any payment, from any employee by way of discount, interest or any similar charge on account of any advance or advances of wages made to an employee in anticipation of the regular date for the payment of wages, where such advance or advances do not exceed in the aggregate one month's wages

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 /EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 27. Interest on advances forbidden

27.   Interest on advances forbidden

No employer shall-

(a) make any deduction; or 

(b) receive any payment,  

 from any employee by way of discount, interest or any similar charge on account of any advance or advances of wages made to an employee in anticipation of the regular date for the payment of wages, where such advance or advances do not exceed in the aggregate one month's wages.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/28.Restriction on places at which wages may be paid

28. Restriction on places at which wages may be paid

No employer shall pay wages to employees in taverns or other similar establishments or in places of amusement or in shops or stores for the retail sale of merchandise except in the case of employees employed therein.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 28. Restriction on places at which wages may be paid

28.   Restriction on places at which wages may be paid

No employer shall pay wages to employees in taverns or other similar establishments or in places of amusement or in shops or stores for the retail sale of merchandise except in the case of employees employed therein.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/29.Remuneration other than wages

29. Remuneration other than wages

(1) Nothing in this Part shall render illegal a contract of service with an employee under which the employer agrees to provide the employee with house accommodation, food, fuel, light, water, medical attendance, or any approved amenity or approved service in addition to wages but no employer shall provide any employee with any intoxicating liquor as part of the terms of a contract of service.

(2) The Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer, approve in writing any amenity or service as an approved amenity or approved service, and in granting such approval the Director General may make such modifications thereto or impose such conditions thereon as he may deem proper.

(3) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General under subsection (2) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister.

(4) On any appeal made to him under subsection (3), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just, and such decision or order shall be final.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 29. Remuneration other than wages

29.   Remuneration other than wages 

(1) Nothing in this Part shall render illegal a contract of service with an employee under which the employer agrees to provide the employee with house accommodation, food, fuel, light, water, medical attendance, or any approved amenity or approved service in addition to wages but no employer shall provide any employee with any intoxicating liquor as part of the terms of a contract of service. 

(2) The Director General may, on application made to him in writing by an employer, approve in writing any amenity or service as an approved amenity or approved service, and in granting such approval the Director General may make such modifications thereto or impose such conditions thereon as he may deem proper. 

(3) Any person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General under subsection (2) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister. 

(4) On any appeal made to him under subsection (3), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just, and such decision or order shall be final.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/30.Omitted or Deleted Section

30. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A1026).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 30. Omitted or Deleted Section

30.   Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted by Act A1026).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/31.Priority of wages over other debts

Part VI PRIORITY OF WAGES

31. Priority of wages over other debts

(1) Where by order of a court made upon the application of any person holding a mortgage, charge, lien or decree (hereinafter referred to as "the secured creditor") or in the exercise of rights under a debenture the property of any person (hereinafter referred to as "the person liable") liable under any of the provisions of this Act to pay the wages due to any employee or to pay money due to any contractor for labour is sold, or any money due to the person liable is attached or garnished, the court or the receiver or manager shall not authorize payment of the proceeds of the sale, or of the money so attached or garnished, to the secured creditor or the debenture holder until the court or the receiver or manager shall have ascertained and caused to be paid, out of such proceeds or money, the wages of such employee, or the money due to any contractor for labour under a contract between him and the person liable, which the person liable was liable to pay at the date of such sale, attachment or garnishment:

Provided that this section shall only apply to the sale of a place of employment on which--

(a) any employee to whom wages are due as aforesaid; 

(b) any employee to whom wages are due by such contractor for labour as aforesaid; 

(c) any contractor for labour to whom money is owed on account of the sub-contract by the contractor for labour as aforesaid, was employed or worked at the time when such wages were earned or such money accrued due, and to the proceeds of the sale of any products of such place of employment and of any movable property therein used in connection with such employment and to any money due to the person liable on account of work performed by such employee or contractor for labour or derived from the sale of the products of such work:

Provided further that--

(a) where the person liable is an employer the total amount of the wages of any employee to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by the employer to the employee as wages for any four consecutive months' work; 

(b) where the person liable is a principal and where the wages are claimed from such principal under section 33 the total amount of the wages of any employees to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by the principal to the contractor at the date of the sale, attachment or garnishment unless the contractor is also a contractor for labour; 

(c) where the person liable is a contractor or sub-contractor who owes money to a contractor for labour the total amount due to such contractor for labour to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by such contractor for labour to his employees (including any further sub-contractors for labour under such first-mentioned contractor for labour) for any four consecutive months' work. 

(2) In this section, except for the second proviso, "wages" includes termination and lay-off benefits, annual leave pay, sick leave pay, public holiday pay and maternity allowance.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 31. Priority of wages over other debts

31.   Priority of wages over other debts 

(1) Where by order of a court made upon the application of any person holding a mortgage, charge, lien or decree (hereinafter referred to as "the secured creditor") or in the exercise of rights under a debenture the property of any person (hereinafter referred to as "the person liable") liable under any of the provisions of this Act to pay the wages due to any employee or to pay money due to any contractor for labour is sold, or any money due to the person liable is attached or garnished, the court or the receiver or manager shall not authorize payment of the proceeds of the sale, or of the money so attached or garnished, to the secured creditor or the debenture holder until the court or the receiver or manager shall have ascertained and caused to be paid, out of such proceeds or money, the wages of such employee, or the money due to any contractor for labour under a contract between him and the person liable, which the person liable was liable to pay at the date of such sale, attachment or garnishment:

Provided that this section shall only apply to the sale of a place of employment on which-

(a) any employee to whom wages are due as aforesaid; 

(b) any employee to whom wages are due by such contractor for labour as aforesaid; 

(c) any contractor for labour to whom money is owed on account of the sub-contract by the contractor for labour as aforesaid, was employed or worked at the time when such wages were earned or such money accrued due, and to the proceeds of the sale of any products of such place of employment and of any movable property therein used in connection with such employment and to any money due to the person liable on account of work performed by such employee or contractor for labour or derived from the sale of the products of such work:

Provided further that-

(a) where the person liable is an employer the total amount of the wages of any employee to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by the employer to the employee as wages for any four consecutive months' work; 

(b) where the person liable is a principal and where the wages are claimed from such principal under section 33 the total amount of the wages of any employees to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by the principal to the contractor at the date of the sale, attachment or garnishment unless the contractor is also a contractor for labour; 

(c) where the person liable is a contractor or sub-contractor who owes money to a contractor for labour the total amount due to such contractor for labour to which priority over the claim of a secured creditor is given by this section shall not exceed the amount due by such contractor for labour to his employees (including any further sub-contractors for labour under such first-mentioned contractor for labour) for any four consecutive months' work.  

 (2) In this section, except for the second proviso, "wages" includes termination and lay-off benefits, annual leave pay, sick leave pay, public holiday pay and maternity allowance.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/32.Reference by the court to Director General

32. Reference by the court to Director General

(1) For the purposes of ascertaining the amount due to any employee or sub-contractor for labour under section31, the court or the receiver or manager may refer the question to the Director General with a request that he hold an inquiry thereinto and forward his findings in respect thereof to the court or the receiver or manager, and the Director General shall comply with any such request.

(2) For the purpose of any inquiry under subsection (1) the Director General shall have all the powers conferred upon him by paragraph 70(f) and section 80 shall have effect as if the inquiry were being held under section 69.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 32. Reference by the court to Director General

32.   Reference by the court to Director General 

(1) For the purposes of ascertaining the amount due to any employee or sub-contractor for labour under section31, the court or the receiver or manager may refer the question to the Director General with a request that he hold an inquiry thereinto and forward his findings in respect thereof to the court or the receiver or manager, and the Director General shall comply with any such request. 

(2) For the purpose of any inquiry under subsection (1) the Director General shall have all the powers conferred upon him by paragraph 70(f) and section 80 shall have effect as if the inquiry were being held under section 69.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/33.Liability of principals and contractors for wages

Part VII CONTRACTORS, PRINCIPALS AND CONTRACTORS FOR LABOUR

33. Liability of principals and contractors for wages

(1) Where a principal in the course of or for the purposes of his trade or business, contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal, and any wages are due to any employee by the contractor or any sub-contractor under the contractor for work done in the course of the performance of the contract, the principal and the contractor and any such sub-contractor (not being the employer) shall be jointly and severally liable with the employer to pay such wages as if that employee had been immediately employed by the principal and by the contractor and any such sub-contractor:

Provided that--

(a) in the case of a contract for constructional work the principal shall not be liable for the payment of wages under this subsection unless he is also a constructional contractor or a housing developer; 

(b) the principal, and the contractor and any sub-contractor (not being the employer), shall not be liable to any employee under this subsection for more than the wages due to him for any three consecutive months; and 

(c) the employee shall have instituted proceedings against the principal for the recovery of his wages or made a complaint to the Director General under Part XV within ninety days from the date on which such wages became due for payment by his employer in accordance with the provisions for the payment of wages contained in Part III. 

(2) Any person, other than the employer, who has paid wages under this section to the employee of any employer may institute civil proceedings against such employer for the recovery of the amount of wages so paid.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 33. Liability of principals and contractors for wages

33.   Liability of principals and contractors for wages 

(1) Where a principal in the course of or for the purposes of his trade or business, contracts with a contractor for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal, and any wages are due to any employee by the contractor or any sub-contractor under the contractor for work done in the course of the performance of the contract, the principal and the contractor and any such sub-contractor (not being the employer) shall be jointly and severally liable with the employer to pay such wages as if that employee had been immediately employed by the principal and by the contractor and any such sub-contractor:

Provided that-

(a) in the case of a contract for constructional work the principal shall not be liable for the payment of wages under this subsection unless he is also a constructional contractor or a housing developer; 

(b) the principal, and the contractor and any sub-contractor (not being the employer), shall not be liable to any employee under this subsection for more than the wages due to him for any three consecutive months; and 

(c) the employee shall have instituted proceedings against the principal for the recovery of his wages or made a complaint to the Director General under Part XV within ninety days from the date on which such wages became due for payment by his employer in accordance with the provisions for the payment of wages contained in Part III.  

 (2) Any person, other than the employer, who has paid wages under this section to the employee of any employer may institute civil proceedings against such employer for the recovery of the amount of wages so paid.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/33A.Information relating to supply of employees

33A. Information relating to supply of employees

(1) A contractor for labour who intends to supply or undertakes to supply any employee shall register with the Director General in the prescribed form within fourteen days before supplying the employee.

(2) If a contractor for labour referred to in subsection (1) supplies any employee, he shall keep or maintain one or more registers containing information regarding each employee supplied by him and shall make such registers available for inspection.

(3) A contractor for labour who--

(a) supplies his employee without registering with the Director General as required under subsection (1); or 

(b) fails to keep or maintain any register, or make available any register for inspection as required under subsection (2), commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 33 a . Information relating to supply of employees

33a.   Information relating to supply of employees 

(1) A contractor for labour who intends to supply or undertakes to supply any employee shall register with the Director General in the prescribed form within fourteen days before supplying the employee. 

(2) If a contractor for labour referred to in subsection (1) supplies any employee, he shall keep or maintain one or more registers containing information regarding each employee supplied by him and shall make such registers available for inspection. 

(3) A contractor for labour who-

(a)  supplies his employee without registering with the Director General as required under subsection (1); or  

(b) fails to keep or maintain any register, or make available any register for inspection as required under subsection (2), commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/34.Prohibition of night work

Part VIII EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN

34. Prohibition of night work

(1) Except in accordance with regulations made under this Act or any exemption granted under the proviso to this subsection no employer shall require any female employee to work in any industrial or agricultural undertaking between the hours of ten o'clock in the evening and five o'clock in the morning nor commence work for the day without having had a period of eleven consecutive hours free from such work:

Provided that the Director General may, on application made to him in any particular case, exempt in writing any female employee or class of female employees from any restriction in this subsection, subject to any conditions he may impose.

(2) Any person--

(a) who is affected by any decision made or condition imposed under the proviso to subsection (1); and 

(b) who is dissatisfied with such decision or condition, may within thirty days of such decision or condition being communicated to him appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister.

(3) In deciding any appeal made to him under subsection(2), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon, including the alteration or removal of any condition imposed or the imposition of any further condition, as appears just and such decision or order shall be final.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 34. Prohibition of night work

34.   Prohibition of night work 

(1) Except in accordance with regulations made under this Act or any exemption granted under the proviso to this subsection no employer shall require any female employee to work in any industrial or agricultural undertaking between the hours of ten o'clock in the evening and five o'clock in the morning nor commence work for the day without having had a period of eleven consecutive hours free from such work:

Provided that the Director General may, on application made to him in any particular case, exempt in writing any female employee or class of female employees from any restriction in this subsection, subject to any conditions he may impose. 

(2) Any person-

(a)  who is affected by any decision made or condition imposed under the proviso to subsection (1); and 

(b) who is dissatisfied with such decision or condition, may within thirty days of such decision or condition being communicated to him appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister. 

(3) In deciding any appeal made to him under subsection(2), the Minister may make such decision or order thereon, including the alteration or removal of any condition imposed or the imposition of any further condition, as appears just and such decision or order shall be final.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/35.Prohibition of underground work

35. Prohibition of underground work

No female employee shall be employed in any underground working.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 35. Prohibition of underground work

35.   Prohibition of underground work

No female employee shall be employed in any underground working.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/36.Prohibition of employment by Minister

36. Prohibition of employment by Minister

Notwithstanding the provisions of this Part the Minister may by order prohibit or permit the employment of female employees in such circumstances or under such conditions as may be described in such order.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 36. Prohibition of employment by Minister

36.   Prohibition of employment by Minister

Notwithstanding the provisions of this Part the Minister may by order prohibit or permit the employment of female employees in such circumstances or under such conditions as may be described in such order.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/37.Length of eligible period and entitlement to maternity allowance

Part IX MATERNITY PROTECTION

37. Length of eligible period and entitlement to maternity allowance

(1) (a)  Every female employee shall be entitled -- 

(i) to maternity leave for an eligible period in respect of each confinement; and 

(ii) subject to this Part, to receive from her employer a maternity allowance to be calculated or prescribed as provided in subsection (2) in respect of the eligible period. 

(aa) Where a female employee is entitled to maternity leave under paragraph (a)(i) but is not entitled to receive maternity allowance from her employer for the eligible period under paragraph (c), or because she has not fulfilled the conditions set out in paragraph(2)(a), she may, with the consent of the employer, commence work at any time during the eligible period if she has been certified fit to resume work by a registered medical practitioner. 

(b) Subject to section 40, maternity leave shall not commence earlier than a period of thirty days immediately preceding the confinement of a female employee or later than the day immediately following her confinement:

Provided that where a medical officer or the registered medical practitioner appointed by the employer certifies that the female employee as a result of her advanced state of pregnancy is unable to perform her duties satisfactorily, the employee may be required to commence her maternity leave at any time during a period of fourteen days preceding the date of her confinement as determined in advance by the medical officer or the registered medical practitioner appointed by the employer. 

(bb) Where a female employee abstains from work to commence her maternity leave on a date earlier than the period of thirty days immediately preceding her confinement, such abstention shall not be treated as maternity leave and she shall not be entitled to any maternity allowance in respect of the days during which she abstains from work in excess of the period of thirty days immediately preceding her confinement. 

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(ii), a female employee shall not be entitled to any maternity allowance if at the time of her confinement she has five or more surviving children. 

(d) For the purposes of this Part-- 

(i)  "children"

means all natural children, irrespective of age; and

(ii) "eligible period"

means a period of maternity leave of not less than sixty consecutive days.

(2) (a) 

A female employee shall be entitled to receive maternity allowance for the eligible period from her employer if-- 

(i) she has been employed by the employer for a period of, or periods amounting in the aggregate to, not less than ninety days during the nine months immediately before her confinement; and 

(ii) she has been employed by the employer at any time in the four months immediately before her confinement; 

(b) A female employee who is eligible for maternity allowance under paragraph (a) shall be entitled to receive from the employer for each day of the eligible period a maternity allowance at her ordinary rate of pay for one day, or at the rate prescribed by the Minister under paragraph 102(2)(c), whichever is the greater. 

(c) A female employee employed on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received her maternity allowance if she continues to receive her monthly wages during her abstention from work during the eligible period without abatement in respect of the abstention. 

(d)  Where a female employee claims maternity allowance under this section from more than one employer, she shall not be entitled to receive a maternity allowance of an amount exceeding in the aggregate the amount which she would be entitled to receive if her claim was made against one employer only. 

(3) Where there are more employers than one from whom the female employee would be entitled to claim maternity allowance in accordance with subsection (2) the employer who pays the maternity allowance shall be entitled to recover from such other employer, as a civil debt, a contribution which shall bear the same proportion to the amount of the maternity allowance paid to the female employee as the number of days on which she worked for such other employer during the period of nine months immediately preceding her confinement bears to the total number of days on which she worked during the said period:

Provided that if the female employee has failed to comply with subsection 40(1) or (2), the employer who pays the maternity allowance shall not thereby be prevented from recovering contribution calculated in accordance with this subsection.

(4) Any employer who terminates the service of a female employee during the period in which she is entitled to maternity leave commits an offence:

Provided that for the purpose of this section, such termination shall not include termination on the ground of closure of the employer's business.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 37. Length of eligible period and entitlement to maternity allowance

37.   Length of eligible period and entitlement to maternity allowance 

(1) (a) Every female employee shall be entitled - 

(i) to maternity leave for an eligible period in respect of each confinement; and 

(ii) subject to this Part, to receive from her employer a maternity allowance to be calculated or prescribed as provided in subsection (2) in respect of the eligible period. 

(aa) Where a female employee is entitled to maternity leave under paragraph (a)(i) but is not entitled to receive maternity allowance from her employer for the eligible period under paragraph (c), or because she has not fulfilled the conditions set out in paragraph(2)(a), she may, with the consent of the employer, commence work at any time during the eligible period if she has been certified fit to resume work by a registered medical practitioner. 

(b) Subject to section 40, maternity leave shall not commence earlier than a period of thirty days immediately preceding the confinement of a female employee or later than the day immediately following her confinement:

Provided that where a medical officer or the registered medical practitioner appointed by the employer certifies that the female employee as a result of her advanced state of pregnancy is unable to perform her duties satisfactorily, the employee may be required to commence her maternity leave at any time during a period of fourteen days preceding the date of her confinement as determined in advance by the medical officer or the registered medical practitioner appointed by the employer. 

(bb) Where a female employee abstains from work to commence her maternity leave on a date earlier than the period of thirty days immediately preceding her confinement, such abstention shall not be treated as maternity leave and she shall not be entitled to any maternity allowance in respect of the days during which she abstains from work in excess of the period of thirty days immediately preceding her confinement. 

(c) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(ii), a female employee shall not be entitled to any maternity allowance if at the time of her confinement she has five or more surviving children. 

(d) For the purposes of this Part- 

(i)  "children" 

means all natural children, irrespective of age; and

(ii) "eligible period" 

means a period of maternity leave of not less than sixty consecutive days.

(2) (a) A female employee shall be entitled to receive maternity allowance for the eligible period from her employer if- 

(i) she has been employed by the employer for a period of, or periods amounting in the aggregate to, not less than ninety days during the nine months immediately before her confinement; and 

(ii) she has been employed by the employer at any time in the four months immediately before her confinement; 

(b) A female employee who is eligible for maternity allowance under paragraph (a) shall be entitled to receive from the employer for each day of the eligible period a maternity allowance at her ordinary rate of pay for one day, or at the rate prescribed by the Minister under paragraph 102(2)(c), whichever is the greater. 

(c) A female employee employed on a monthly rate of pay shall be deemed to have received her maternity allowance if she continues to receive her monthly wages during her abstention from work during the eligible period without abatement in respect of the abstention. 

(d) Where a female employee claims maternity allowance under this section from more than one employer, she shall not be entitled to receive a maternity allowance of an amount exceeding in the aggregate the amount which she would be entitled to receive if her claim was made against one employer only.  

 (3) Where there are more employers than one from whom the female employee would be entitled to claim maternity allowance in accordance with subsection (2) the employer who pays the maternity allowance shall be entitled to recover from such other employer, as a civil debt, a contribution which shall bear the same proportion to the amount of the maternity allowance paid to the female employee as the number of days on which she worked for such other employer during the period of nine months immediately preceding her confinement bears to the total number of days on which she worked during the said period:

Provided that if the female employee has failed to comply with subsection 40(1) or (2), the employer who pays the maternity allowance shall not thereby be prevented from recovering contribution calculated in accordance with this subsection. 

(4) Any employer who terminates the service of a female employee during the period in which she is entitled to maternity leave commits an offence: 

Provided that for the purpose of this section, such termination shall not include termination on the ground of closure of the employer's business.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/38.Payment of maternity allowance

38. Payment of maternity allowance

The maternity allowance referred to in subsection 37(2) and accruing in each wage period under the contract of service of the female employee shall be paid in the same manner as if such allowance were wages earned during such wage period as provided in section19.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 38. Payment of maternity allowance

38.   Payment of maternity allowance

The maternity allowance referred to in subsection 37(2) and accruing in each wage period under the contract of service of the female employee shall be paid in the same manner as if such allowance were wages earned during such wage period as provided in section19.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/39.Payment of allowance to nominee on death of female employee

39. Payment of allowance to nominee on death of female employee

If a female employee, after giving notice to her employer that she expects to be confined, commences her maternity leave and dies from any cause during the eligible period, her employer or any employer who would have been, but for the death of the female employee, liable to pay any maternity allowance shall pay to the person nominated by her under section 41 or, if there is no such person, to her legal personal representative, an allowance at the rate calculated or prescribed as provided in subsection 37(2) from the day she commenced her maternity leave to the day immediately preceding her death.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 39. Payment of allowance to nominee on death of female employee

39.   Payment of allowance to nominee on death of female employee

If a female employee, after giving notice to her employer that she expects to be confined, commences her maternity leave and dies from any cause during the eligible period, her employer or any employer who would have been, but for the death of the female employee, liable to pay any maternity allowance shall pay to the person nominated by her under section 41 or, if there is no such person, to her legal personal representative, an allowance at the rate calculated or prescribed as provided in subsection 37(2) from the day she commenced her maternity leave to the day immediately preceding her death.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/40.Loss of maternity allowance for failure to notify employer

40. Loss of maternity allowance for failure to notify employer

(1) A female employee who is about to leave her employment and who knows or has reason to believe that she will be confined within four months from the date upon which she leaves shall before leaving her employment notify her employer of her pregnancy and if she fails so to do, she shall not be entitled to receive any maternity allowance from such employer.

(2) A female employee shall within a period of sixty days immediately preceding her expected confinement notify her employer of it and the date from which she intends to commence her maternity leave and if she commences such leave without so notifying her employer, the payment of maternity allowance to her may be suspended, notwithstanding section 38, until such notice is given to her employer.

(3) (Deleted by Act A1419).

(4) Any female employee whose employer provides free medical treatment for his employees and who when she is pregnant persistently refuses or fails to submit to such medical treatment offered free by her employer as a registered medical practitioner certifies to be necessary or desirable in connection with her pregnancy, expected confinement or confinement shall, if she would otherwise be entitled to receive any maternity allowance, forfeit such allowance to the extent of seven days.

(5) The want of or any defect or inaccuracy in any notice required to be given in accordance with this section shall not be a bar to the maintenance of any claim to maternity allowance unless the employer is proved to have been prejudiced by the want, defect or inaccuracy of such notice.

(6) The failure to give any such notice within the period specified in this section shall not prejudice the right of a female employee to receive any maternity allowance if it is found that the failure was occasioned by mistake or other reasonable cause:

Provided that any dispute as to whether such failure was occasioned by mistake or other reasonable cause shall be referred under section 69 to the Director General for his decision.

(7) Notice to an employer or, if there is more than one employer, to one of such employers, may be given either in writing or orally or to the foreman or other person under whose supervision the female employee was employed or to any person designated for the purpose by the employer.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 40. Loss of maternity allowance for failure to notify employer

40.   Loss of maternity allowance for failure to notify employer 

(1) A female employee who is about to leave her employment and who knows or has reason to believe that she will be confined within four months from the date upon which she leaves shall before leaving her employment notify her employer of her pregnancy and if she fails so to do, she shall not be entitled to receive any maternity allowance from such employer. 

(2) A female employee shall within a period of sixty days immediately preceding her expected confinement notify her employer of it and the date from which she intends to commence her maternity leave and if she commences such leave without so notifying her employer, the payment of maternity allowance to her may be suspended, notwithstanding section 38, until such notice is given to her employer. 

(3) (Deleted by Act A1419). 

(4) Any female employee whose employer provides free medical treatment for his employees and who when she is pregnant persistently refuses or fails to submit to such medical treatment offered free by her employer as a registered medical practitioner certifies to be necessary or desirable in connection with her pregnancy, expected confinement or confinement shall, if she would otherwise be entitled to receive any maternity allowance, forfeit such allowance to the extent of seven days. 

(5) The want of or any defect or inaccuracy in any notice required to be given in accordance with this section shall not be a bar to the maintenance of any claim to maternity allowance unless the employer is proved to have been prejudiced by the want, defect or inaccuracy of such notice. 

(6) The failure to give any such notice within the period specified in this section shall not prejudice the right of a female employee to receive any maternity allowance if it is found that the failure was occasioned by mistake or other reasonable cause:

Provided that any dispute as to whether such failure was occasioned by mistake or other reasonable cause shall be referred under section 69 to the Director General for his decision. 

(7) Notice to an employer or, if there is more than one employer, to one of such employers, may be given either in writing or orally or to the foreman or other person under whose supervision the female employee was employed or to any person designated for the purpose by the employer.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/41.Payment of allowance to nominee

41. Payment of allowance to nominee

A female employee may nominate some other person to whom the maternity allowance may be paid on her behalf and any payment of the maternity allowance made to the person so nominated shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be a payment to the female employee herself.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 41. Payment of allowance to nominee

41.   Payment of allowance to nominee

A female employee may nominate some other person to whom the maternity allowance may be paid on her behalf and any payment of the maternity allowance made to the person so nominated shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be a payment to the female employee herself.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/42.Restriction on dismissal of female employee after eligible period

42. Restriction on dismissal of female employee after eligible period

(1) Where a female employee remains absent from her work after the expiration of the eligible period as a result of illness certified by a registered medical practitioner to arise out of her pregnancy and confinement and to render her unfit for her work, it shall be an offence, until her absence exceeds a period of ninety days after the expiration of the eligible period, for her employer to terminate her services or give her notice of termination of service.

(2) Subject to subsection (1), where the service of a female employee is terminated with wages in lieu of notice at any time during the period of four months immediately preceding her confinement, she shall, in computing the period of her employment for the purposes of this Part, be deemed to have been employed as if she had been given due notice instead of wages in lieu thereof.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 42. Restriction on dismissal of female employee after eligible period

42.   Restriction on dismissal of female employee after eligible period 

(1) Where a female employee remains absent from her work after the expiration of the eligible period as a result of illness certified by a registered medical practitioner to arise out of her pregnancy and confinement and to render her unfit for her work, it shall be an offence, until her absence exceeds a period of ninety days after the expiration of the eligible period, for her employer to terminate her services or give her notice of termination of service. 

(2) Subject to subsection (1), where the service of a female employee is terminated with wages in lieu of notice at any time during the period of four months immediately preceding her confinement, she shall, in computing the period of her employment for the purposes of this Part, be deemed to have been employed as if she had been given due notice instead of wages in lieu thereof.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/43.Conditions contrary to Part void

43. Conditions contrary to Part void

Any condition in a contract of service whereby a female employee relinquishes or is deemed to relinquish any right under this Part shall be void and of no effect and the right conferred under this Part shall be deemed to be substituted for such condition.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 43. Conditions contrary to Part void

43.   Conditions contrary to Part void

Any condition in a contract of service whereby a female employee relinquishes or is deemed to relinquish any right under this Part shall be void and of no effect and the right conferred under this Part shall be deemed to be substituted for such condition.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/44.Register of allowances paid

44. Register of allowances paid

Every employer shall keep a register, in a form to be prescribed by the Minister by regulations made under this Act, of all payments made to female employees under this Part and of such other matters incidental thereto as may be prescribed by such regulations.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 44. Register of allowances paid

44.   Register of allowances paid

Every employer shall keep a register, in a form to be prescribed by the Minister by regulations made under this Act, of all payments made to female employees under this Part and of such other matters incidental thereto as may be prescribed by such regulations.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/44A.Application of this Part irrespective of wages of female employee

44A. Application of this Part irrespective of wages of female employee

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of the First Schedule, this Part extends to every female employee who is employed under a contract of service irrespective of her wages.

EDITORIAL NOTE: Section 44A of the Employment Act 1955 was 'Ommitted' when this Act was revised in 1981; and subsequently was deleted by Employment (Amendment) Act 1980 [Act A497] -- see section 19 of Act A497.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 44 a . Application of this Part irrespective of wages of female employee

44a.   Application of this Part irrespective of wages of female employee

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of the First Schedule, this Part extends to every female employee who is employed under a contract of service irrespective of her wages. 

EDITORIAL NOTE:

Section 44a of the Employment Act 1955 was 'Ommitted' when this Act was revised in 1981; and subsequently was deleted by Employment (Amendment) Act 1980 [Act A497] - see section 19 of Act A497.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/45-56.Omitted or Deleted Section

Part X EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS

45-56. Omitted or Deleted Section

(Deleted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 45 56. Omitted or Deleted Section

45 56.   Omitted or Deleted Section (Deleted).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/57.Termination of contract

Part XI DOMESTIC SERVANTS

57. Termination of contract

Subject to any express provision to the contrary contained therein, a contract to employ and to serve as a domestic servant may be terminated either by the person employing the domestic servant or by the domestic servant giving the other party fourteen days' notice of his intention to terminate the contract, or by the paying of an indemnity equivalent to the wages which the domestic servant would have earned in fourteen days:

Provided that any such contract may be terminated by either party without notice and without the paying of an indemnity on the ground of conduct by the other party inconsistent with the terms and conditions of the contract.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 57. Termination of contract

57.   Termination of contract

Subject to any express provision to the contrary contained therein, a contract to employ and to serve as a domestic servant may be terminated either by the person employing the domestic servant or by the domestic servant giving the other party fourteen days' notice of his intention to terminate the contract, or by the paying of an indemnity equivalent to the wages which the domestic servant would have earned in fourteen days:

Provided that any such contract may be terminated by either party without notice and without the paying of an indemnity on the ground of conduct by the other party inconsistent with the terms and conditions of the contract.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/57A.Employment of foreign domestic servant

57A. Employment of foreign domestic servant

(1) An employer who employs a foreign domestic servant shall, within thirty days of the employment, inform the Director General of such employment in a manner as may be determined by the Director General.

(2) An employer who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 57 a . Employment of foreign domestic servant

57a.   Employment of foreign domestic servant 

(1) An employer who employs a foreign domestic servant shall, within thirty days of the employment, inform the Director General of such employment in a manner as may be determined by the Director General. 

(2) An employer who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/57B.Duty to inform Director General of termination of service of foreign domestic servant

57B. Duty to inform Director General of termination of service of foreign domestic servant

(1) If the service of a foreign domestic servant is terminated--

(a) by the employer; 

(b) by the foreign domestic servant; 

(c) upon the expiry of the employment pass issued by the Immigration Department of Malaysia to the foreign domestic servant; or 

(d) by the repatriation or deportation of the foreign domestic servant, the employer shall, within thirty days of the termination of service, inform the Director General of the termination in a manner as may be determined by the Director General.

(2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(b), the terminationof service by a foreign domestic servant includes the act of the foreign domestic servant absconding from his place of employment.

(3) An employer who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 57 b . Duty to inform Director General of termination of service of foreign domestic servant

57b.   Duty to inform Director General of termination of service of foreign domestic servant 

(1) If the service of a foreign domestic servant is terminated-

(a)  by the employer;  

(b) by the foreign domestic servant;  

(c) upon the expiry of the employment pass issued by the Immigration Department of Malaysia to the foreign domestic servant; or  

(d)  by the repatriation or deportation of the foreign domestic servant, the employer shall, within thirty days of the termination of service, inform the Director General of the termination in a manner as may be determined by the Director General. 

(2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(b), the terminationof service by a foreign domestic servant includes the act of the foreign domestic servant absconding from his place of employment. 

(3) An employer who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/58.Omitted or Deleted Section

Part XII REST DAYS, HOURS OF WORK, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER CONDITIONS OF SERVICE

58. Omitted or Deleted Section (Deleted by Act A497).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 58. Omitted or Deleted Section

58.   Omitted or Deleted Section (Deleted by Act A497).

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/58A.Non-application of Part XII

58A. Non-application of Part XII

This Part shall not apply to any term or condition of service which is provided for in any collective agreement entered into before the coming into operation of this Part and taken cognizance of by the Industrial Court or in any award made by the Industrial Court while such collective agreement or award remains in force.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 58 a . Non-application of Part XII

58a.   Non-application of Part XII

This Part shall not apply to any term or condition of service which is provided for in any collective agreement entered into before the coming into operation of this Part and taken cognizance of by the Industrial Court or in any award made by the Industrial Court while such collective agreement or award remains in force.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/59.Rest day

59. Rest day

(1) Every employee shall be allowed in each week a rest day of one whole day as may be determined from time to time by the employer, and where an employee is allowed more than one rest day in a week the last of such rest days shall be the rest day for the purposes of this Part:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply during the period in which the employee is on maternity leave as provided under section 37, or on sick leave as provided under section60f, or during the period of temporary disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952 [Act 273], or under the Employees' Social Security Act 1969 [Act4].

(1ANotwithstanding subsection (1) and the interpretation of the expression "day" in subsection 2(1), in the case of an employee engaged in shift work any continuous period of not less than thirty hours shall constitute a rest day.

(1BNotwithstanding subsection (1), the Director General, on a written application by an employer and subject to any conditions he may deem fit to impose, may permit the employer to grant the rest day for each week on any day of the month in which the rest days fall and the day so granted shall be deemed to be the employee's rest day for the purposes of this section.

(2) The employer shall prepare a roster before the commencement of the month in which the rest days fall informing the employee of the days appointed to be his rest days therein, and where the same day in each week has been appointed as the rest day for all employees in the place of employment, the employer may, in lieu of preparing a roster, display a notice at a conspicuous place in the place of employment informing the employee of the fixed rest day so appointed.

(3) Every such roster and every particular recorded therein shall be preserved and shall be made available for inspection for a period not exceeding six years from the last day of the month in respect of which the roster was prepared or cause to be prepared.

(4) Any employer who contravenes any of the provisions of this section commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 59. Rest day

59.   Rest day 

(1) Every employee shall be allowed in each week a rest day of one whole day as may be determined from time to time by the employer, and where an employee is allowed more than one rest day in a week the last of such rest days shall be the rest day for the purposes of this Part:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply during the period in which the employee is on maternity leave as provided under section 37, or on sick leave as provided under section60f, or during the period of temporary disablement under the Workmen's Compensation Act 1952 [Act 273], or under the Employees' Social Security Act 1969 [Act4]. 

(1a) Notwithstanding subsection (1) and the interpretation of the expression "day" in subsection 2(1), in the case of an employee engaged in shift work any continuous period of not less than thirty hours shall constitute a rest day. 

(1b) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Director General, on a written application by an employer and subject to any conditions he may deem fit to impose, may permit the employer to grant the rest day for each week on any day of the month in which the rest days fall and the day so granted shall be deemed to be the employee's rest day for the purposes of this section. 

(2) The employer shall prepare a roster before the commencement of the month in which the rest days fall informing the employee of the days appointed to be his rest days therein, and where the same day in each week has been appointed as the rest day for all employees in the place of employment, the employer may, in lieu of preparing a roster, display a notice at a conspicuous place in the place of employment informing the employee of the fixed rest day so appointed. 

(3) Every such roster and every particular recorded therein shall be preserved and shall be made available for inspection for a period not exceeding six years from the last day of the month in respect of which the roster was prepared or cause to be prepared. 

(4) Any employer who contravenes any of the provisions of this section commits an offence.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60.Work on rest day

60. Work on rest day

(1) Except as provided in subsection60a(2), no employee shall be compelled to work on a rest day unless he is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually by two or more shifts:

Provided that in the event of any dispute the Director General shall have power to decide whether or not an employee is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually by two or more shifts.

(2) (Omitted).

(3) (a)  In the case of an employee employed on a daily, hourly or other similar rate of pay who works on a rest day, he shall be paid for any period of work-- 

(i) which does not exceed half his normal hours of work, one day's wages at the ordinary rate of pay; or 

(ii) which is more than half but does not exceed his normal hours of work, two days' wages at the ordinary rate of pay. 

(b) In the case of an employee employed on a monthly or weekly rate of pay who works on a rest day, he shall be paid for any period of work-- 

(i) which does not exceed half his normal hours of work, wages equivalent to half the ordinary rate of pay for work done on that day; or 

(ii) which is more than half but which does not exceed his normal hours of work, one day's wages at the ordinary rate of pay for work done on that day. 

(c) For any work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work on a rest day by an employee mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) , he shall be paid at a rate which is not less than two times his hourly rate of pay. 

(d) In the case of an employee employed on piece rates who works on a rest day, he shall be paid twice his ordinary rate per piece. 

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/ EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265 / EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265 / 60. Work on rest day

60.   Work on rest day 

(1) Except as provided in subsection60a(2), no employee shall be compelled to work on a rest day unless he is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually by two or more shifts:

Provided that in the event of any dispute the Director General shall have power to decide whether or not an employee is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously or continually by two or more shifts. 

(2) (Omitted). 

(3) (a) In the case of an employee employed on a daily, hourly or other similar rate of pay who works on a rest day, he shall be paid for any period of work- 

(i) which does not exceed half his normal hours of work, one day's wages at the ordinary rate of pay; or 

(ii) which is more than half but does not exceed his normal hours of work, two days' wages at the ordinary rate of pay. 

(b) In the case of an employee employed on a monthly or weekly rate of pay who works on a rest day, he shall be paid for any period of work- 

(i) which does not exceed half his normal hours of work, wages equivalent to half the ordinary rate of pay for work done on that day; or 

(ii) which is more than half but which does not exceed his normal hours of work, one day's wages at the ordinary rate of pay for work done on that day. 

(c) For any work carried out in excess of the normal hours of work on a rest day by an employee mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) , he shall be paid at a rate which is not less than two times his hourly rate of pay. 

(d) In the case of an employee employed on piece rates who works on a rest day, he shall be paid twice his ordinary rate per piece.  

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 Act 265/EMPLOYMENT ACT 1955 ACT 265,,/60A.Hours of work

60A. Hours of work

(1) Except as hereinafter provided, an employee shall not be required under his contract of service to work--

(a) more than five consecutive hours without a period of leisure of not less than thirty minutes duration; 

(b) more than eight hours in one day; 

(c) in excess of a spread over period of ten hours in one day; 

(d) more than forty-eight hours in one week: 

Provided that--

(i) for the purpose of paragraph (1)(a), any break of less than thirty minutes in the five consecutive hours shall not break the continuity of that five consecutive hours; 

(ii) an employee who is engaged in work which must be carried on continuously and which requires his continual attendance may be required to work for eight consecutive hours inclusive of a period or periods of not less than forty-five minutes in the aggregate during which he shall have the opportunity to have a meal; and 

(iii) where, by agreement under the contract of service between the employee and the employer, the number of hours of work on one or more days of the week is less than eight, the limit of eight hours may be exceeded on the remaining days of the week, but so that no employee shall be required to work for more than nine hours in one day or forty-eight hours in one week. 

(1AThe Director General may, on the written application of an employer, grant permission to the employer to enter into a contract of service with any one or more of his employees, or with any class, category or description of his employees, requiring the employee or employees, or the class, category or description of employees, as the case may be, to work in excess of the limit of hours prescribed under paragraph (1)(a), (b), (c) and (d) but subject to such conditions, if any, as the Director General may deem proper to impose, if he is satisfied that there are special circumstances pertaining to the business or undertaking of the employer which renders it necessary or expedient to grant such permission:

Provided that the Director General may at any time revoke the approval given under this subsection if he has reason to believe that it is expedient to do so.

(1BAny person who is dissatisfied with any decision of the Director General under subsection (1a) may, within thirty days of such decision being communicated to him, appeal in writing therefrom to the Minister.

(1COn an appeal made to him under subsection (1b) the Minister may make such decision or order thereon as appears just, and such decision or order shall be final.

(2) An employee may be required by his employer to exceed the limit of hours prescribed in subsection (1) and to work on a rest day, in the case of--

(a) accident, actual or threatened, in or with respect to his place of work; 

(b) work, the performance of which is essential to the life of the community; 

(c) work essential for the defence or security of Malaysia; 

(d) urgent work to be done to machinery or plant; 

(e) an interruption of work which it was impossible to foresee; or 

(f) work to be performed by employees in any industrial undertaking essential to the economy of Malaysia or any essential service as defined in the Industrial Relations Act 1967:

Provided that the Director General shall have the power to enquire into and decide whether or not the employer is justified in calling upon the employee to work in the circumstances specified in paragraphs (a) to (f).