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Income Tax Act 1967- Part 7

(a) any deductions made under section 34 pursuant to this Schedule in respect of that expenditure from the gross income of the operator from the relevant business for the basis period for any year of assessment, being a basis period ending before that date; and

(b) any recovered expenditure in relation to that mine received by the operator on or before that date;

"residual life", in relation to any particular mine forming part of the relevant business and to any particular date, means the number of years of the estimated life of the mine remaining at that date.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53/Schedule 3

Schedule 3

[Section 42]

Capital Allowances and Charges

Qualifying expenditure

1. Subject to this Schedule, qualifying expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is qualifying plant expenditure or qualifying building expenditure within the meaning of paragraphs 2 to 6.

2. (1) Subject to subparagraph (2) and paragraph 67, qualifying plant expenditure is capital expenditure incurred on the provision of machinery or plant used for the purposes of a business, including--

(a) expenditure incurred on the alteration of an existing building for the purpose of installing that machinery or plant and other expenditure incurred incidentally to the installation thereof; and

(b) expenditure incurred on preparing, cutting, tunnelling or levelling land in order to prepare a site for the installation of that machinery or plant but if the expenditure exceeds ten per cent of the aggregate of itself and any other expenditure (being qualifying plant expenditure) incurred for the purposes of the business this subparagraph shall not apply;

(c) expenditure incurred on fish ponds, animal pens, chicken houses, cages, buildings (other than those used wholly or partly for the living accommodation of a director, an individual having control of that business or an individual who is a member of the management, administrative or clerical staff engaged in the business), and other structural improvements on land which are used for the purposes of poultry farms, animal farms, inland fishing industry or other agricultural or pastoral pursuits.

(2) In the case of a motor vehicle, other than a motor vehicle licensed by the appropriate authority for commercial transportation of goods or passengers, the qualifying plant expenditure incurred on or after the first day of the basis period for the year of assessment 1991 shall be limited to a maximum of fifty thousand ringgit:

Provided that where the qualifying plant expenditure is incurred on a motor vehicle purchased on or after 28 October 2000, the maximum amount shall be increased to not more than one hundred thousand ringgit if the motor vehicle has not been used prior to purchase and the total cost of the motor vehicle does not exceed one hundred and fifty thousand ringgit:

Provided further that where the qualifying plant expenditure incurred between the period from 28 October 2000 to 31 December 2000, and that period forms part of the basis period of a person for the year of assessment prior to the year of assessment 2001, that expenditure shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule to be incurred in the basis period for the year of assessment 2001.

2A. Subject to this Schedule, where any person had in use machinery or plant for a non-business purpose, and that machinery or plant is subsequently brought into use for the purposes of a business of his, he is deemed to have incurred qualifying plant expenditure in relation to that machinery or plant and the amount of the qualifying plant expenditure shall be taken to be the market value of the machinery or plant on the day the machinery or plant was so brought into use.

2B. (Deleted by Act 684).

2C. Subject to this Schedule, where machinery or plant is brought into use for the purposes of a business in Malaysia by any person and prior thereto the machinery or plant had been used for the purposes of a business outside Malaysia, the person shall be deemed to have incurred qualifying plant expenditure and the amount of the qualifying plant expenditure in respect thereof shall be taken to be the market value or the net book value of the machinery or plant, whichever is the lower, on the day the machinery or plant was so brought into use in Malaysia.

2D.For the purpose of paragraph 1, the capital expenditure incurred by a person on the provision of machinery or plant shall not include any amount paid to a non-resident person in consideration of services rendered in connection with the installation or operation of that machinery or plant, if tax has not been deducted therefrom and paid to the Director General under paragraph 109B(1)(a)of the Act:

Provided that this paragraph shall not apply if the person has paid the amount referred to in subsection 109B(2).

3. (1) Subject to paragraph 6, qualifying building expenditure is capital expenditure incurred on the construction or purchase of a building which is used at any time after its construction or purchase, as the case may be, as an industrial building.

(2) For the purpose of this Schedule, the qualifying building expenditure in the case of purchase of a building shall be the amount of the purchase price of that building.

3A-5. (Deleted by Act A639).

6. Qualifying building expenditure does not include--

(a) subject to paragraph 67, expenditure which is qualifying plant expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule;

(b) subject to paragraph 42, expenditure which is qualifying agriculture expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule; or

(c) expenditure which is qualifying mining expenditure for the purposes of Schedule 2.

Qualifying agriculture expenditure

7. (1) Subject to this Schedule, qualifying agriculture expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is capital expenditure incurred by a person on--

(a) the clearing and preparation of land for the purposes of agriculture;

(b) the planting (but not replanting) of crops on land cleared for planting;

(c) the construction on a farm of a road or bridge;

(d) the construction on a farm of a building used for the purposes of a business of that person which consists wholly or partly of the working of the farm, or the construction on that farm of a building which is provided by that person for the welfare of persons, or as living accommodation for a person, employed in or in connection with the working of that farm and which, if the farm ceases to be worked, is likely to be of little or no value to any person except in connection with the working of another farm.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "agriculture" includes the reafforestation of timber.

Qualifying forest expenditure

8. (1) Subject to this Schedule, qualifying forest expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is capital expenditure incurred only by a person who has a concession or licence to extract timber on the construction in a forest of--

(a) a road or building used for the purposes of a business of his which consists wholly or partly of the extraction of timber from the forest; or

(b) a building provided by him for the welfare of persons, or as living accommodation for a person, employed in or in connection with such extraction,and which, if the forest ceases to be used for such extraction, would be likely to be of little or no value to any person except in connection with the extraction of timber from another forest or with a business which consists wholly or partly of the working of a farm.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "forest", in relation to a person, means a forest in respect of which he has a concession or a licence to extract timber therefrom, being a forest in use by him for the extraction of timber therefrom for the purposes of a business of his which consists wholly or partly of that extraction.

Qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure

8A. (1) Subject to this Schedule, qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is capital expenditure incurred by a person on renovation or refurbishment of a premises which is used for the purpose of a business of his.

(2) For the purposes of this Schedule, the qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure shall be an amount incurred by a person between the period from 10 March 2009 to 31 December 2010 and the total amount of expenditure for that period in respect of all of his sources consisting of a business shall not exceed one hundred thousand ringgit.

(3) Qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure does not include--

(a) expenditure which is qualifying plant expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule;

(b) expenditure which is qualifying agriculture expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule;

(c) expenditure which is qualifying forest expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule; and

(d) expenditure which is qualifying mining expenditure for the purposes of Schedule 2.

8b. For the purpose of paragraphs 8A and 32B of this Schedule renovation or refurbishment expenditure shall be an expenditure prescribed by the Minister.

Qualifying expenditure: initial allowances

9. An allowance made under paragraphs 10 and 12 shall be known as an initial allowance.

10. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purpose of a business of his incurred qualifying plant expenditure, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to one-fifth of the expenditure or such other fraction as may be prescribed.

11-11A. (Deleted by Act A1028).

12. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to one tenth of that expenditure.

13. Notwithstanding paragraphs 10 and 12--

(a) no allowance shall be made to a person under paragraph 10 for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his if at the end of the basis period for that year he was not the owner of the asset or it was not in use for the purposes of the business or, where the asset was disposed of by him in that period, he was not the owner of the asset or it was not in use, prior to its disposal, for the purposes of the business at some time in that period;

(b) (Deleted by Act A1028);

(c) no allowance shall be made to a person under paragraph 12 for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his if at the end of the basis period for that year he was not the owner of the asset or it was not in use or was not about to be used as an industrial building or, where the asset was disposed of by him in that period, it was not in use, prior to its disposal, for the purposes of a business of his as an industrial building at some time in that period;

(d) where an allowance has been made to a person under paragraph 12 for a year of assessment in relation to a building and a business of his and that building was not in use or was not about to be used as an industrial building for the purposes of that business of his at some time in the basis period for the next following year of assessment, a balancing charge equal to the amount of the allowance shall be made on him in relation to that business for that year of assessment for which the allowance was given.

13A. Notwithstanding paragraph 10 no initial allowance shall be made to a person for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his referred to in paragraph 2A, 2B or 2C, as the case may be.

Qualifying expenditure: annual allowances

14. An allowance made under paragraphs 15 to 16A shall be known as an annual allowance.

15. Subject to this Schedule, where a person has for the purposes of a business of his, incurred qualifying plant expenditure in relation to an asset and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment he was the owner of the asset and it was in use for the purposes of the business, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to such proportion of that expenditure as may be prescribed.

15A. (Deleted by Act 619).

16. Subject to this Schedule, where a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment he was the owner of the building and it was in use as an industrial building for the purposes of the business, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to three hundredth or such other fraction as may be prescribed of that expenditure.

16A.Subject to this Schedule, where a person has incurred qualifying building expenditure on the construction of a building to which paragraph 67b applies and at the end of the basis period for a year of assessment the building was on lease to the Government, there shall be made to him in relation to the income from that lease for that year an allowance equal to three-fiftieths or such other fraction as may be prescribed of that expenditure.

17. (1) (Deleted by Act 619).

(2) (Deleted by Act 619).

18. An allowance made to a person in relation to a business of his under paragraph 15 or 16 for a year of assessment in respect of any expenditure in relation to an asset shall not exceed the amount of the residual expenditure at the end of the basis period for that year.

19. Where in relation to any particular asset the Director General is of the opinion that the proportion prescribed under paragraph 15 is too high or too low having regard to the use of which the asset is put, he may give a direction for such other proportion as he considers appropriate to be adopted in relation to the qualifying plant expenditure.

Special allowances for small value assets

19A.(1) Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying plant expenditure in relation to an asset or assets, the value of each asset being not more than one thousand three hundred ringgit, and at the end of the basis period he was the owner of the asset and it was in use for the purposes of the business, there shall be made in lieu of the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 10 or 15, an allowance equal to the amount of that expenditure for that year of assessment:

Provided that where the total qualifying plant expenditure in respect of such asset for each year of assessment exceeds the amount of thirteen thousand ringgit, the total allowance that shall be made in respect of that expenditure under this paragraph shall be equal to such amount.

(2) Allowance under paragraph 10 or 15 in respect of the qualifying plant expenditure referred to in subparagraph (1)--

(a) shall be made a person if that person has not made a claim in respect of that expenditure under that subparagraph; or

(b) shall not be made to that person in respect of that expenditure which has been given allowance under that subparagraph.

(3) The proviso to subparagraph (1) shall not apply to a company resident in Malaysia which has a paid up capital in respect of ordinary shares of two million and five hundred thousand ringgit and less at the beginning of the basis period for a year of assessment.

(4) A company referred to in subparagraph (3) shall not include a company where more than--

(a) fifty per cent of the paid up capital in respect of ordinary share of the second mentioned company is directly or indirectly owned by a related company;

(b) fifty per cent of the paid up capital in respect of ordinary shares of the related company is directly or indirectly owned by the second mentioned company; or

(c) fifty per cent of the paid up capital in respect of ordinary shares of the second mentioned company and the related company is directly or indirectly owned by another company.

(5) For the purpose of subparagraph (4), "related company" means a company which has a paid up capital in respect of ordinary shares of more than two million and five hundred thousand ringgit at the beginning of the basis period for a year of assessment.

Agriculture allowances

20. An allowance made under paragraph 22 or 23 shall be known as an agriculture allowance.

21. A person entitled to an agriculture allowance in respect of any expenditure shall not be entitled to an allowance under any other paragraph in respect of the same expenditure.

22. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying agriculture expenditure on the construction of--

(a) a building for the welfare of persons or as living accommodation for a person referred to in subparagraph 7(1)(d) there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and for each of the four following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-fifth of that expenditure; and

(b) any other building referred to in subparagraph 7(1)(d) there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-tenth of that expenditure.

22A. (Deleted by Act A643).

23. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying agriculture expenditure to which paragraph 22 does not apply, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and for the following year of assessment an allowance equal to one-half of that expenditure.

24. Subject to this Schedule, where a person (in this paragraph referred to as the transmitter) would but for this paragraph be entitled to an agriculture allowance for a year of assessment in respect of qualifying agriculture expenditure incurred by him in relation to an asset for the purposes of a business of his and in the basis period for that year that asset is transferred or transmitted by operation of law or otherwise to some other person (in this paragraph referred to as the recipient)--

(a) the transmitter shall for that year be entitled to only a part of that allowance, being a part which bears the same proportion to the whole of that allowance as the number of days comprised in the period which begins at the beginning of that basis period and ends on the day of transfer or transmission bears to the number three hundred and sixty-five; and

(b) where the asset is--

(i) a farm used by the recipient for the purposes of a business of his which consists wholly or partly of the working of the farm; or

a building which is used by the recipient for the purposes of that business and is adjacent to or closely in the vicinity of that farm or another farm of his forming part of that business,

the recipient shall be entitled for the year of assessment in the basis period for which the transfer or transmission took place to the other part of that allowance, and for subsequent years of assessment to any agriculture allowance which would have been made to the transmitter if the asset had not been transferred or transmitted and had continued to be owned and used by the transmitter for the purposes of his business at all material times.

25. Notwithstanding paragraphs 22 to 24, no agriculture allowance shall be made to a person for a year of assessment in relation to an asset and a business of his--

(a) where the asset is transferred or transmitted in the basis period for that year, if it was not in use for the purposes of the business within one month (or such further period as the Director General may allow) before that transfer or transmission took place: or

(b) in any other case, if at the end of the basis period for that year he was not the owner of the asset or it was not in use for the purposes of the business.

Agriculture charges

26. (Deleted by Act 755)

27. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset and in relation to that asset and a business of his an agriculture allowance has been made to him for a year of assessment, and the qualifying agriculture expenditure incurred in relation to that asset was incurred over a period ending on a particular day and the disposal of the asset took place less than five years after that day, there shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that first-mentioned year of assessment an agriculture charge equal to the amount of--

(a) that agriculture allowance; or

(b) where an agriculture allowance in relation to that asset has been made to him for more than one year of assessment, the aggregate of all those allowances for all those years, and where that asset is disposed of by that person after the end of the basis period (for a year of assessment) in which that business has permanently ceased to be carried on by him, the disposal shall be deemed to have been made in that basis period:

Provided that within three months (or such further period as the Director General may allow) of the beginning of the year of assessment following that first-mentioned year of assessment or, where that asset was disposed of by that person after the end of that last-mentioned basis period, the year of assessment following that in which he disposed of that asset, he may by notice in writing delivered to the Director General elect that the amount of any agriculture charge falling to be made on him in respect of the amount of that aggregate for that first-mentioned year be divided by the number of years of assessment for which those allowances were made; and an agriculture charge equal to the amount resulting from that division shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for each of those years of assessment.

Forest allowances and forest charges

28. An allowance made under paragraph 30, 30A or 31 shall be known as a forest allowance and a charge made under paragraph 32 shall be known as a forest charge.

29. A person entitled to a forest allowance in respect of any expenditure shall not be entitled to an allowance under any other paragraph in respect of the same expenditure.

30. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying forest expenditure on the construction of--

(a) a building of the kind referred to in subparagraph 8(1)(b) there shall be allowed to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and for each of the four following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-fifth of that expenditure; and

(b) a road or buildings of the kind referred to in subparagraph 8(1)(a) there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and each of the nine following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-tenth of that expenditure.

30A. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970 a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying forest expenditure on the construction of a building of the kind referred to in subparagraph 8(1)(b) and a forest allowance was made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for a year of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970 in respect of that expenditure there shall be allowed to him for the year of assessment 1970 and for each of the four following years of assessment an allowance equal to one-fifth of the difference between that qualifying forest expenditure and the forest allowances made to him in respect of that qualifying expenditure for years of assessment prior to the year of assessment 1970.

31. Where a person in relation to a business of his in the basis period for a year of assessmentpermanently ceases to extract timber from a forest in relation to which he has incurred qualifying forest expenditure, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance in an amount equal to the excess, if any, of that expenditure over the total of any allowances made to him under paragraph 30 or 30A in relation to that expenditure; and he shall not be entitled to an allowance under paragraph 30 or 30A in relation to that expenditure for any year of assessment subsequent to that first-mentioned year of assessment.

32. (1) Where a person who in relation to a business of his and a forest has incurred qualifying forest expenditure disposes of that forest, there shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for the year of assessment in the basis period for which the disposal took place a forest charge equal to the amount of any allowance or to the aggregate amount of any allowances made to him in relation to that expenditure under paragraph 30, 30A or 31; and where a forest is disposed of by that person after the end of the basis period (for a year of assessment) in which that business has permanently ceased to be carried on by him, the disposal shall be deemed to have been made in that basis period:

Provided that within three months (or such further period as the Director General may allow) of the beginning of the year of assessment following that year in which he disposed of the forest he may by notice in writing delivered to the Director General elect that the amount of that forest charge be divided by the number of years of assessment for which those allowances were made, and in lieu of that charge a forest charge equal to the amount resulting from that division shall be made on him in relation to the source consisting of that business for each of those years of assessment.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, a person shall be taken to have disposed of a forest if, having a concession or licence to extract timber therefrom, he transfers or assigns that concession or licence or surrenders that concession or licence for valuable consideration.

Renovation or refurbishment allowances

32A. (1) Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year and the immediate following year of assessment an allowance equal to one-half of that expenditure.

(2) No renovation or refurbishment allowances shall be made to a person for a year of assessment and a business of his, if at the end of the basis period for that year of assessment the premises which has been renovated or refurbished is not in use by that person for the purpose of his business.

32B. Subject to paragraph 8A, where a person incurs between the period from 10 March 2009 to 31 December 2010 capital expenditure on renovation or refurbishment of a premises which is used for the purpose of a business and such capital expenditure qualifies both as qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure and qualifying building expenditure, that person shall elect to claim an allowance in respect of that capital expenditure as qualifying renovation or refurbishment expenditure, or qualifying building expenditure.

Qualifying expenditure: balancing allowances and balancing charges

33. Allowances made under paragraph 34 and charges made under paragraph 35 shall be known as balancing allowances and balancing charges respectively.

34. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset in relation to which he has incurred qualifying expenditure for the purposes of a business of his and the residual expenditure at the date of its disposal exceeds its disposal value, there shall be made to him in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year an allowance equal to the amount of the excess.

35. Subject to this Schedule, where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person disposes of an asset in relation to which he has incurred qualifying expenditure for the purposes of a business of his and its disposal value exceeds the residual expenditure at the date of its disposal, there shall be made on him in relation to that business source for that year a charge equal to the amount of the excess.

36. No allowance shall be made for a year of assessment under paragraph 34 to a person in relation to an asset which has been disposed of unless an initial or annual allowance in relation to that asset has been made or would have been made, if claimed, to him;

Provided that this paragraph shall not apply in respect of any amount incurred under paragraph 67C.

37. A charge made on a person under paragraph 35 in relation to an asset shall not exceed the total of all allowances made to him under this Schedule in relation to that asset.

Qualifying expenditure: Licensed private hospital, maternity home and nursing home

37A. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a private hospital, maternity home and nursing home licensed under the provisions of any written law for the time being in force relating to registration of private hospital, maternity home and nursing home, or where no such law is in force, approved by the Director General after consultation with the Director General of Health; and in such application the reference to capital expenditure incurred on the construction of a building shall include any capital expenditure incurred on the alteration or renovation of rented premises for the purpose of carrying on therein a private hospital, maternity home or nursing home.

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for research

37B. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof being in use for the purpose of--

(a) research approved by the Minister within the meaning of paragraph 34A(1)(a) and subsection 34B(4); or

(b) (Deleted by Act 693);

(c) (Deleted by Act 544);

(d) (Deleted by Act 693);

(e) research undertaken by a research and development company or a contract research and development company as defined in section 2 of the Promotion of Investments Act 1986, and in such application, the reference to capital expenditure incurred on the construction of a building or part thereof, shall include any capital expenditure incurred on the alteration or renovation of rented premises for the purpose of carrying on therein such research and the building or part thereof shall be deemed to be in use for the purposes of the business referred to in section 34a, notwithstanding that in the case of research referred to in subparagraph (a), such research is not related to that business.

Proviso -- (Deleted by Act 693).

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for warehouse

37C. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of storage of goods for export or for the storage of imported goods which are to be processed and distributed or re-exported and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12 or 16 an allowance of an amount equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.

Qualifying expenditure: Machinery or plant used for research

37D. The provisions of this Schedule relating to qualifying plant expenditure shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to capital expenditure incurred on the provision of machinery or plant used for the purposes of research approved by the Minister within the meaning of section 34A; and in such application the machinery or plant shall be deemed to be in use for the purposes of the business referred to in section 34A, notwithstanding that such research is not related to that business.

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for approved service project

37E. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of the provision of services and modernization of operations in relation to an approved service project as defined under Schedule 7B.

Qualifying expenditure: Building used for hotel

37F. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a building or part thereof used by a person solely for the purpose of an hotel and that hotel is registered with the Ministry of Tourism.

Qualifying expenditure: Airport

37G. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to an airport and the reference to capital expenditure incurred in relation to that airport shall include the capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension, improvement or purchase of any building, runaway or ancillary structures.

Qualifying expenditure: Motor racing circuit

37H. The provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial buildings shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a motor racing circuit approved by the Minister and the reference to capital expenditure incurred in relation to that motor racing circuit shall include the capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension or improvement of that motor racing circuit or ancillary structures.

Disposal subject to control, etc.

38. (1) Paragraphs 39 and 40 shall apply where a person disposes of an asset in relation to which an initial or annual allowance or an agriculture allowance or forest allowance has been made or would have been made, if claimed, to him and at the time of the disposal--

(a) the disposer of the asset is a person over whom the acquirer of the asset has control;

(b) the acquirer of the asset is a person over whom the disposer of the asset has control;

(c) some other person has control over the disposer and acquirer of the asset;

(d) the disposal is effected in consequence of a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation of companies; or

(e) the disposal is effected by way of a settlement or gift or by devolution of the property in the asset on death, the disposer of the asset, the asset in question and the acquirer of the asset being in those paragraphs referred to as the disposer, the asset and the acquirer respectively.

(2) In this paragraph "control", in relation to a company, means the power of a person to secure, by means of the holding of shares or the possession of voting power in or in relation to that or any other company, or by virtue of any powers conferred by the articles of association or other document regulating that or any other company, that the affairs of the first-mentioned company are conducted in accordance with the wishes of that person, and, in relation to a partnership, means the right to a share of more than one-half of the assets of the partnership, or to more than one-half of the divisible profits of partnership, or in relation to a limited liabilty partnership, means the right to a share of more than one-half of the capital contribution whether in cash or in kind of the limited liability partnership and in relation to business trust, means the right to not less than fifty per cent of residual profits of the business trust available for distribution, or not less than fifty per cent of any residual assets of the business trust available for distribution on a winding up.

38A. (1) Paragraphs 39 and 40 shall apply where a company disposes of an asset in respect of industrial building to a unit trust in relation to which an initial or annual allowance has been made or would have been made, if claimed, to the company.

(2) For the purpose of this paragraph--

(a) "unit trust" has the same meaning assigned to it in section 61A; and

(b) "company" means a company which holds not less than fifty per cent of residual profits of the unit trust available for distribution, or not less than fifty per cent of any residual assets of the unit trust available for distribution on a winding up.

38B.Paragraphs 39 and 40 shall apply where a partnership or a company is converted into a limited liability partnership in accordance with section 29 or 30 of the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2012 and the partnership or that company disposes of an asset to that limited liability partnership in relation to which an initial or annual allowance has been made or would have been made, if claimed by the partnership or the company.

39. (1) Subject to any rules made under paragraph 40, the disposal of the asset shall be deemed to have taken place on the first day of the disposer's final period for a sum equal to the disposer's residual expenditure on that day.

(2) In this paragraph "the disposer's final period" means, in relation to the disposal and acquisition of the asset, the basis period (appropriate to the disposer's business for the purposes of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred in relation to the asset) for the year of assessment which coincides with the first year of assessment for which an initial or annual allowance may be made to the acquirer in relation to the asset if it is used for the purposes of a business carried on by the acquirer or as an industrial building.

40. Any qualifying expenditure incurred by the acquirer in relation to the asset to which regard would be had but for this paragraph shall be disregarded for the purposes of this Schedule and the acquirer shall be deemed to have incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to the asset of an amount equal to the sum ascertained under paragraph 39 in relation to the asset; and in relation to the asset--

(a) the date on which the acquirer shall be treated as having incurred the expenditure so deemed to have been incurred by him;

(b) the withdrawal of any allowance which would but for paragraph 39 and this paragraph fall to be made to the disposer;

(c) the amount of any allowance or charge to be made to or on the acquirer; and

(d) such other matters as may be considered necessary by the Minister, shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by rules to be made for the purposes of paragraphs 38, 38A, 38B, 39 and this paragraph.

Asset used in more than one business

41. In any case where a person has incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to an asset and any one or more of the following circumstances are found--

(a) that expenditure was incurred for and that asset is used for the purposes of two or more businesses of his;

(b) that expenditure was incurred and the asset was used for the purposes of one business of his and thereafter the asset is used in that business and in another business, or two or more other businesses, of his;

(c) hat expenditure was incurred and the asset was used for the purposes of one business of his and thereafter the asset ceases to be used in that business and is used in another business, or two or more other businesses, of his; or

(d) after any of the circumstances referred to in the preceding subparagraphs, the asset is disposed of or, where it was used in two or more businesses of his, it was disposed of in relation to one or more of those businesses, the amount of any initial or annual allowances to be made to that person from time to time in any of those circumstances and any balancing allowance or balancing charge to be made on him on the disposal of the asset, and such other matters as may be considered necessary by the Minister, shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made for the purposes of this paragraph.

Certain buildings treated as industrial buildings

42. (1) Where an industrial building is in use in the basis period for a year of assessment for the purposes of a business of a person and a building is constructed by him and provided by him as living accommodation for an individual employed by him in that business, that last-mentioned building shall be treated as an industrial building in use as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is occupied by an individual so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the initial allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12 an initial allowance equal to two-fifths of the qualifying expenditure incurred by that person on that last-mentioned building:

Provided that, where the expenditure incurred by that person on the construction of that last-mentioned building is expenditure of a kind to which paragraph 7 or 8 is applicable, that person may elect in a return for the basis period for a year of assessment in which the expenditure was incurred that, in lieu of having allowances made to him under paragraph 22 or 30 in relation to that expenditure, allowances be made to him under this paragraph.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, in relation to a business of a person, "employee" does not include a director, an individual having control of that business or an individual who is a member of the management, administrative or clerical staff engaged in that business.

42A.(1) Where a person carrying on a manufacturing, hotel or tourism business or an approved service project under Schedule 7B has incurred in the basis period for a year of assessment expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of that business for the provision of living accommodation for individuals employed by him in that business, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is occupied by individuals so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.

(2) Where a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred in the basis period for a year of assessment expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of that business for the provision of child care facilities for individuals employed by him in that business, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business at any time that it is used by individuals so employed, and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Schedule, for the purposes of this paragraph the qualifying expenditure in the case of a purchased building shall be the purchase price of that building.

(4) For the purposes of subparagraph (1), "individuals employed by him" does not include a director, an individual having control of that business or an individual who is a member of the management, administrative or clerical staff engaged in that business.

42B. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred capital expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for a school or an educational institution approved by the Minister of Education or Minister of Higher Education or any relevant authority, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year and for each of the nine following years of assessment.

42C. Where in the basis period for a year of assessment a person has for the purposes of a business of his incurred capital expenditure on the construction or purchase of a building for the purposes of industrial, technical or vocational training approved by the Minister, that building shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of that business and there shall be substituted for the amount of the allowance which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42 an allowance equal to one-tenth of the qualifying expenditure for that year end for each of the nine following years of assessment.

Interpretation

43. In this Schedule "asset", except where the context otherwise requires, means an asset in relation to which qualifying expenditure, qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure, as the case may be, has been incurred.

44. Any reference in this Schedule to any asset or to any relevant interest therein shall be construed whenever necessary as including a reference to a part of any asset or of any relevant interest therein (or, in the case of an asset or any relevant interest therein held in undivided shares, the undivided share in the asset or in the relevant interest therein); and, whenit is so construed, the Director General shall make such necessary apportionments as may be just and reasonable to give proper effect to this Schedule.

45. For the purposes of this Schedule, capital expenditure incurred on--

(a) the provision of machinery or plant, includes capital expenditure incurred on the reconstruction of that machinery or plant;

(b) the construction of a building, includes capital expenditure incurred on the reconstruction or rebuilding of that building.

46. Where a person incurs capital expenditure under a hire purchase agreement on the provision of any machinery or plant for the purposes of a business of his, he shall for the purposes of this Schedule be taken to be the owner of that machinery or plant; and the qualifying expenditure incurred by him on that machinery or plant in the basis period for a year of assessment shall be taken to be the capital portion of any instalment payment (or, where there is more than one such payment, of the aggregate of those payments) made by him under the agreement in that period.

47. For the purposes of this Schedule, where an asset consists of a building the owner thereof shall be taken to be the owner of the relevant interest in the building.

48. A building in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule on the occurrence of any of the following events:

(a) the sale, transfer or assignment of the relevant interest in the building;

(b) where that interest depends on the duration of a concession, the coming to an end of the concession;

(c) where that interest is a leasehold interest, the determination of that relevant interest otherwise than on the person entitled thereto acquiring the reversion;

(d) the demolition or destruction of the building, or on the building ceasing to be used as an industrial building.

49. In this Schedule "relevant interest", in relation to a building on which qualifying building expenditure has been incurred, means (subject to paragraphs 50 and 51) the interest in the building to which the person who incurred that expenditure was entitled when he incurred it.

50. Where--

(a) person is entitled to two or more interests in a building when he incurs qualifying expenditure on it; and

(b) one of those interests is an interest which is reversionary on all the others, that reversionary interest shall be the relevant interest for the purposes of this Schedule.

51. An interest shall not cease to be the relevant interest for the purposes of this Schedule by reason of the creation of any lease or other interest to which that first- mentioned interest is subject; and, where the relevant interest is a leasehold interest and is extinguished by the surrender thereof or on the person entitled thereto acquiring the interest which is reversionary thereon, the interest into which that leasehold interest merges shall thereupon become the relevant interest.

52.(1) An asset in relation to which qualifying agriculture expenditure has been incurred by a person is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule on the occurrence of any of the following events:

(a) on the sale of the relevant interest in that asset;

(b) where the relevant interest is a leasehold interest and the lease comes to an end, if an incoming lessee or the owner of the interest in immediate reversion makes any payment to that first-mentioned person;

(c) on the transfer or transmission of the asset for valuable consideration; or

(d) on the asset ceasing to be used by him for the purposes of a business of his which consists wholly or partly of the working of a farm.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, "relevant interest" shall have the meaning which it would have if in paragraphs 49 and 50 the reference to--

(a) a building, were to land or a building;

(b) qualifying building expenditure, were to qualifying agriculture expenditure;

(c) the building, were to land or a building; and

(d) qualifying expenditure, were to qualifying agriculture expenditure.

53.(1) Any reference in this Schedule to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission of any asset includes a reference to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be, of that asset together with any other asset, whether or not qualifying expenditure, qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure, as the case may be, has been incurred on that last-mentioned asset, and in any such case so much of the disposal value or the purchase price, as the case may be, of those assets as, on a just apportionment, is properly attributable to the first-mentioned asset shall, for the purposes of this Schedule, be deemed to be the disposal value or the purchase price, as the case may be, of that first-mentioned asset.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph, all the assets which are disposed of, purchased, transferred or transmitted in pursuance of one bargain shall be deemed to be disposed of, purchased, transferred, or transmitted, as the case may be, together, notwithstanding that separate prices are or purport to be agreed for each of those assets or that there are or purport to be separate disposals, purchases, transfers or transmissions, as the case may be, of those assets.

(3) Subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this paragraph shall apply, with any necessary modifications, to the disposal, purchase, transfer or transmission of any asset or the relevant interest in any asset together with any other asset or relevant interest in any other asset.

54. Where any person has incurred expenditure in relation to an asset which is allowed to be deducted under Chapter 4 of Part III in computing the adjusted income or adjusted loss of that person for the basis period for a year of assessment from a business of his, that expenditure shall not be treated as qualifying expenditure or qualifying agriculture expenditure or qualifying forest expenditure or qualifying renovation or refurbishmen expenditure in relation to that asset.

55. For the purposes of this Schedule--

(a) in the case of any expenditure incurred on the construction of a building, the day on which that expenditure is incurred is the day on which the construction of the building is completed and in the case of any expenditure incurred on the provision of machinery or plant for the purposes of a business the day on which that expenditure is incurred is the day on which the machinery or plant is capable of being used for the purposes of the business; and

(b) in any other case, the day on which the amount of any expenditure becomes payable is the day on which that amount of expenditure is incurred:

Provided that, where a person incurs expenditure for the purposes of a business of his which he is about to carry on, that expenditure shall be deemed to be incurred when he commences to carry on the business.

56. For the purposes of this Schedule, an asset which is temporarily disused in relation to a business of a person shall be deemed to be in use for the purposes of the business if it was in use for the purposes of the business immediately before becoming disused and if during the period of disuse it is constantly maintained in readiness to be brought back into use for those purposes.

57. If an asset which is temporarily disused in relation to a business of a person ceases to be ready for use for the purposes of the business or if its disuse can no longer reasonably be regarded as temporary, it shall be deemed to have ceased at the beginning of the period of disuse to be used for the purposes of the business, and all such assessments shall be made as may be necessary to counteract the benefit of any allowances made to him for any year of assessment by reason of the application of paragraph 56 in relation to the asset.

58. For the purposes of this Schedule, a building is purchased by a person on the sale, transfer or assignment to him of a relevant interest in the building.

59. Any reference in this Schedule to the date of any sale, purchase, transfer or transmission shall be construed as a reference to the date of completion of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be, or the date when possession of the asset the subject matter of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be (or of the asset in which there is a relevant interest which is the subject matter of the sale, purchase, transfer or transmission, as the case may be) is given, whichever is the earlier.

60. Where a person who owns a building grants a lease thereof and that building is in use as an industrial building, then, in the application of this Schedule to that person in relation to that building any reference to a business of his shall be taken to be a reference to the source in respect of any income to which that person is entitled under that lease, and any reference to a basis period (in relation to any such reference to a business) shall be taken to be a reference to the basis period in relation to that source.

61. Any plant or machinery which is used for the purposes of a business and in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred is disposed of within the meaning of this Schedule if it is sold, discarded or destroyed or if it ceases to be used for the purposes of that business.

61a. (1) Notwithstanding paragraph 48 or 61, as the case may be, but subject to this paragraph, where in the basis period for a year of assessment an asset for which qualifying capital expenditure has been incurred is classified as asset held for sale in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, such asset shall be deemed to have ceased to be used for the purposes of that paragraph.

(2) Where subparagraph (1) applies and the asset is sold in the basis period the asset is classified as asset held for sale, the disposal value of the asset for the purpose of this Schedule shall be an amount equal to its market value at the date it was classified as asset held for sale or the net proceeds of the sale, whichever is greater.

(3) Where in the basis period for a year of assessment an asset for which qualifying capital expenditure has been incurred is classified as asset held for sale in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, such asset shall be deemed to have ceased to be used for the purposes of paragraph 48 or 61, as the case may be, in the following basis period--

(a) where the asset is sold in the following basis period; or

(b) where the asset is not sold after the end of the following basis period.

(4) For the purpose of subsection (3), the disposal value of the asset shall be--

(a) in the case where the asset is sold in the following basis period, an amount equal to its market value at the end of the basis period such asset is held for sale or the net proceeds of the sale, whichever is greater;

(b) in the case where the asset is not sold in the following basis period, the market value of the asset at the end of that following basis period.

(5) Where paragraph (4) applies, in determining the residual expenditure of such asset for that following basis period, the total qualifying expenditure incurred by that person shall be reduced by an amount of annual allowance which would have been made to him for that following basis period as if the asset had been in use in that following basis period for the purpose of business of his.

(6) Where an asset deemed ceased to be used in accordance with subparagraph (3)(b) is brought into use by the person in a business of his in a basis period for any year of assessment after the basis period the asset is deemed ceased to be used--

(a) that person shall be deemed to have incurred qualifying capital expenditure for that asset equal to its market value at the date it is brought into use for the purpose of that business; and

(b) no initial allowance shall be made to that person in relation to an asset under subparagraph (a).

(7) In this paragraph, "market value" in the case of an industrial building, means the market value as determined by a valuation officer employed by the Government.

62.(1) Subject to subparagraph (2), for the purposes of this Schedule, where an asset is disposed of by a person, its disposal value shall be taken to be an amount equal to its market value at the date of its disposal or, in the case of its disposal by way of sale, transfer or assignment--

(a) an amount equal to its market value at the date of the sale, transfer or assignment, as the case may be; or

(b) the net proceeds of the sale, transfer or assignment as the case may be, whichever is the greater:

Provided that, where the asset is disposed of in such circumstances that insurance or compensation moneys are received by that person in respect of the asset, its disposal value shall be taken to be an amount equal to its market value at the date of its disposal or those moneys, whichever is the greater.

(2) Where an asset of the kind to which subparagraph 2(2) applies is disposed of, the disposal value shall be deemed to be an amount which bears the same proportion to the disposal value ascertained under subparagraph (1) as the qualifying plant expenditure ascertained under subparagraph 2(2) bears to the qualifying plant expenditure ascertained under subparagraph 2(1).

(3) Where pursuant to an agreement with the Government, State Government or a local authority in respect of a privatization project an asset used in the privatization project is disposed of to the Government, State Government or local authority as the case may be, its disposal value shall be taken to be an amount equal to the net proceeds of the disposal.

(4) Notwithstanding subparagraph 62(1) where an asset in relation to which the person has incurred qualifying plant expenditure for the purposes of a business of his is disposed of by way of gift, its disposal value shall be deemed to be zero if the gift is made to--

(a) a technical or vocational training institute established and maintained by the government or a statutory body;

(b) a technical or vocational training institute as approved by the Minister; or

(c) an approved research institute as defined in section 34B.

63. Subject to paragraphs 64 to 66, a building is an industrial building within the meaning of this Schedule if it is used for the purposes of a business and--

(a) it is used as a factory;

(b) it is used as a dock, wharf, jetty or other similar building;

(c) it is used as a warehouse and the business consists or mainly consists of the hire of storage space to the public;

(d) the business is that of a water or electricity undertaking supplying water or electricity for consumption by the public or is that of a telecommunication undertaking providing telecommunication services to the public;

(e) it is used in connection with the working of a farm and the business consists or mainly consists of the working of the farm, with or without other farms; or

(f) it is used in connection with the working of a mine and the business consists or mainly consists of the working of a mine, with or without other mines.

64. In subparagraph 63(a) "factory" includes--

(a) a building consisting of a mill, workshop (other than a workshop used for the repair or servicing of goods, if the repair or servicing is carried out in conjunction with or incidentally to the business of selling those goods) or other building for the housing of machinery or plant of any description for the manufacture of any product or the subjection of goods or materials to any process or the generating of power used for the purposes of that manufacture or process; and

(b) a building (within the same curtilage as a building which is used as a factory) used for the storage of any raw material, fuel or stores necessary for the manufacture of that product or the processing of those goods or materials, or for the storage of that product or those goods or materials when processed prior to the sale thereof.

65. (1) Where a building is an industrial building, any building provided as a canteen, rest-room, recreation room, lavatory, bathhouse, bathroom, or wash-room for persons employed in the business for the purposes of which that industrial building is used shall be treated as an industrial building.

(2) In the case of a farm, where a building is provided for the welfare of persons, or as living accommodation for a person, employed in connection with the working of a farm, then, if the building is likely to be of little or no value to any person except in connection with the working of that farm or of another farm, that building shall be treated as an industrial building.

(3) Subject to paragraph 67B, a building used as a dwelling house (not being for accommodation of the kind mentioned in subparagraph (2)) or a retail shop, showroom or office is not and shall not be treated as an industrial building.

66. Where part of a building or of an extension of a building is used as an industrial building and the other part of the building or extension, as the case may be, is not so used, then, if the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the part which is not so used is not more than one-tenth of the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the whole building or extension, as the case may be, the building or extension, as the case may be, shall be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of this Schedule; and, where the whole or some of the capital expenditure incurred on the construction of the part not so used is not identifiable as the capital expenditure incurred on the whole building or extension as the case may be, that last-mentioned expenditure or the part thereof not identifiable as incurred on the respective parts of the building or extension, as the case may be, shall be apportioned by reference to the respective floor areas of those respective parts or in such other manner as the Director General may direct.

67. Where capital expenditure is incurred on preparing, cutting, tunnelling or levelling land in order to prepare a site for the installation of machinery or plant to be used for the purposes of a business, then, if that expenditure amounts to more than seventy-five per cent of the aggregate of that expenditure and the capital expenditure incurred on that machinery or plant, the machinery or plant shall as regards that aggregate expenditure be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as a building so long as that machinery or plant is used for the purposes of that business; and that aggregate expenditure shall be treated as the amount of the qualifying expenditure incurred on that building, which shall be treated as disposed of if that plant or machinery is disposed of.

67A. Where pursuant to an agreement with the Government a person incurs capital expenditure on the construction, reconstruction, extension or improvement of any public road and ancillary structures which expenditure is recoverable through toll collection, the road and ancillary structures as regards such expenditure shall, for the purposes of this Schedule, be treated as a building and the provisions of this Schedule relating to industrial building shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to such building:

Provided that--

(a) the balance of residual expenditure under paragraph 68 of this Schedule shall be reduced by the amount of any compensation received; and

(b) the disposal value of the asset shall be taken to be zero when the agreement expires or is terminated.

67B. (1) A building constructed by a person pursuant to an agreement entered into between that person and the Government on a build-lease-transfer basis shall, subject to the approval of the Minister, be treated as an industrial building for the purposes of this Schedule.

(2) Where subparagraph (1) applies--

(a) the balance of residual expenditure under paragraph 68 of this Schedule shall be reduced by the amount of any compensation received; and

(b) the disposal value of the asset shall be taken to be zero when the agreement expires or is terminated.

67C. (1) For the purpose of this Schedule, where--

(a) a person has incurred qualifying plant expenditure in respect of an asset for the purposes of a business of his and in the basis period for a year of assessment the asset is disposed of; and

(b) pursuant to any written law or agreement, that person is subsequently required to dismantle and remove the asset and restore the site on which the asset is located,

the residual expenditure under paragraph 68 of this Schedule shall be deemed to include any amount incurred for dismantling and removing the asset and restoring the site.

(2) Notwithstanding paragraph 61, in this paragraph "disposed of" means discarded, destroyed or ceased to be used for the purposes of the business.

(3) This paragraph shall not apply if the asset which has been dismantled and removed is subsequently used for any other business of that person or any other person.

(4) The amount incurred in subparagraph (1) shall not include any amount paid to a non-resident which are subject to section 109B, if tax has not been deducted therefrom and paid to the Director General under that section:

Provided that this paragraph shall not apply if the person has paid the amount referred to in subsection 109B(2).

68. A reference in this Schedule to residual expenditure at any date in relation to an asset in respect of which qualifying expenditure has been incurred by a person is to be construed as a reference to the total qualifying expenditure incurred by him on the provision, construction or purchase of the asset before that date, reduced by--

(a) the amount of any initial allowance made to that person in relation to that asset for any year of assessment;

(b) any annual allowance made to that person in relation to that asset for any year of assessment before that date;

(c) any annual allowance which, if it had been claimed (or could have been claimed, if the expenditure in respect of the asset had been qualifying expenditure and if the asset had been in use for the purposes of a business of his) by that person in relation to that asset, would have been made to him for a year of assessment before that date.

69. Any reference in this Schedule to an allowance made to a person for a year of assessment or to an allowance to which a person is entitled under this Schedule for a year of assessment is a reference to--

(a) an allowance which is claimed for a year of assessment and is made or is due to be made for that year (any such allowance being treated as having been made at the end of the basis period for the appropriate source consisting of a business for that year); and

(b) an allowance which would have been made or to which that person would have been entitled in relation to a source consisting of a business of his for a year of assessment but for an insufficiency or absence of adjusted income or the existence of an adjusted loss for the basis period for that year.

70. In this Schedule "purchase price", in relation to the purchase of an industrial building, includes any legal fee, stamp duty or other incidental expenditure incurred by the purchaser in connection with the purchase, but does not include so much of the purchase price of the building and of any land or an interest therein purchased with the building as is attributable to the land or that interest; and, for the purposes of paragraph 53, the building and that land or the interest therein, as the case may be, shall be treated as being separate assets.

Supplemental provisions

71. Where a person has incurred qualifying expenditure in relation to an asset which is owned by that person for a period of less than two years, execpt by reason of the death of that person or any other reasons as the Director General thinks appropriate, that any allowance which but for this paragraph would fall to be made to him in relation to that asset shall not be made; and, where any such allowance has been made, a balancing charge in an amount equal to any such allowance shall be made on him for the year of assessment in the basis period for which the asset was disposed of by him (being the basis period appropriate to the source consisting of the business for the purposes of which the expenditure was incurred).

72. (Deleted by Act A226).

73. Where qualifying expenditure has been incurred by a person in relation to an asset used for the purposes of a business of his, then, if the asset is used only partly for the purposes of the business, any allowance to be made to that person under this Schedule for a year of assessment in relation to the asset shall consist of so much of what would have been the amount of the allowance claimed and due for that year if the asset had been used in the basis period for that year wholly for the purposes of the business, as shall be determined by the Director General having regard to all the circumstances of the case:

Provided that in ascertaining the residual expenditure at any date in relation to the asset regard shall be had, with respect to any allowance claimed in relation to that asset for any year of assessment, to the full amount of that allowance which but for this paragraph would then have been made to him for that year in relation to that asset.

74. Where a person has a source within the meaning of sections 55 to 58, any allowance or charge to be made to or on him for a year of assessment in relation to a source and to an asset for a year of assessment shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed by rules made for the purposes of this paragraph.

75. Subject to paragraph 75A, where, by reason of an insufficiency or absence of adjusted income of a person from a business of his for the basis period for a year of assessment or by reason of the existence of an adjusted loss from the business for that period, effect cannot be given or cannot be given in full to any allowance or to the aggregate amount of any allowances falling to be made to him for that year in relation to the source consisting of that business, that allowance or that aggregate amount, as the case may be, which has not been so made (or so much thereof as has not been so made to him for that year) shall be deemed to be an allowance to be made to him for the first subsequent year of assessment for the basis period for which there is adjusted income from that business, and so on for subsequent years of assessment until the whole amount of the allowance or that aggregate amount to be made to him has been made to him.

*75A.* Any allowance or aggregate amount of allowances for a year of assessment which has not been so made to a company as ascertained under paragraph 75 shall not be made to that company for the purposes of this Schedule and section 42 unless the Director General is satisfied that the shareholders of that company on the last day of the basis period for the year of assessment in which that allowance or that aggregate amount has not been so made were substantially the same as the shareholders of that company on the first day of the basis period for the year of assessment in which that allowance or that aggregate amount would otherwise be made to that company under this Schedule and available for the purposes of that section and that allowance or that aggregate amount which but for this paragraph would have been made to the company in a year of assessment shall be disregarded for subsequent years of assessment.

75AA. Where a partnership or a company is converted into a limited liability partnership in accordance with section 29 or 30 of the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2012, any allowance or aggregate amount of allowances for a year of assessment which has not been so made to that partnership or company as ascertained under paragraph 75 shall be made to that limited liability partnership for the purposes of this Schedule and section 42 for the following year of assessment.

75B.(1) For the purpose of paragraph 75A----

(a) the shareholders of the company at any date shall be substantially the same as the shareholders at any other date if on both those dates--

(i) more than fifty per cent of the paid-up capital in respect of the ordinary share of the company is held by or on behalf of the same person; and

(ii) more than fifty per cent of the nominal value of the alloted shares in respect of ordinary share in the company is held by or on behalf of the same person;

(b) shares in the company held by or on behalf of another company shall be deemed to be held by the shareholders of the last mentioned company; and

(c) any allowance or aggregate amount of allowances which has not been so made for any year of assessment referred to in that paragraph shall consist of an allowance falling to be made under this Schedule for that year of assessment but shall not include any amount of allowance deemed to have been made for that year of assessment pursuant to paragraph 75.

(2) In this paragraph, "ordinary share" has the same meaning assigned to it under subsection 44(5C).

75C. Where there is a substantial change in the shareholders of a company referred to in paragraph 75A, the Minister may under special circumstances exempt that company from the provisions of paragraph 75A.

76. A person shall not be entitled to an allowance under this Schedule for a year of assessment unless he makes a claim for the allowance for that year in accordance with paragraph 77.

76a.Where in a year of assessment a partnership or a company is converted into a limited liability partnership in accordance with section 29 or 30 of the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2012, the limited liability partnership shall not be entitled to an allowance under this Schedule in relation to an asset which is transferred to that limited liability partnership for that year of assessment unless for that year of assessment no allowance in relation to that asset has been claimed by the partners of that partnership or that company in accordance with paragraph 77.

77. (1) Any claim by a person for an allowance under this Schedule for a year of assessment shall be made in a written statement containing such particulars as may be requisite to show that the claimant is entitled to the allowance and a certificate signed by the claimant verifying those particulars.

(2) Any claim to be made by a person for a year of assessment in accordance with this paragraph shall be furnished with a return of his income made under section 77 or 77A for that year.

78. Where in the case of a business of a person the basis periods for two years of assessment overlap, the period common to those periods shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule to fall into the earlier of those periods and not into the later of those periods.

79. Where as regards a business of a person the Director General has exercised the power conferred upon him by subsection 21A(3) to direct that the basis period for a year of assessment shall consist of a specified period, any allowance or charge to be made on or to that person under this Schedule in relation to the source consisting of that business for that year shall be ascertained by reference to such a period as shall be determined by the Director General, and that last-mentioned period shall be taken to be the basis period for that year in the application of this paragraph with this Schedule.

80. The Minister may prescribe a building which is constructed or purchased by any person and used by him for the purposes of his business as an industrial building and the amount of the allowance or allowances which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraph 12, 16 or 42.

81. The Minister may prescribe any capital expenditure incurred by a person in his business as qualifying agriculture expenditure under paragraph 7 and the amount of the allowance or allowances in respect of that qualifying agriculture expenditure which would otherwise fall to be made to him under paragraphs 22 and 23.

* *NOTE - See section 33 of Act 644 for explanation.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53,,/Schedule 4

Schedule 4

[Sections 43 and 44]

Expenditure on Prospecting Operations

1. Qualifying prospecting expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is expenditure wholly and exclusively incurred in searching for, discovering or winning access to deposits of minerals in an eligible area or in testing any such deposits, but excludes expenditure on the acquisition of--

(a) the site of the source of the deposits;

(b) the site of any works which are likely to be of little or no value when the source is no longer worked;

(c) rights in or over any such site; or

(d) rights in or over the deposits.

2.(a) A person who has incurred qualifying prospecting expenditure in the basis period for a year of assessment may elect to claim in a return of his income for that year of assessment a deduction to be made under subparagraph 5(a) (in this Schedule that person and that year of assessment being referred to as "the prospector" and "the relevant year" respectively).

(b) Where no election has been made under subparagraph (a), a person who has incurred qualifying prospecting expenditure may claim for the relevant year a deduction under subparagraph 5(b).

3. A claim under paragraph 2 shall--

(a) if an election is made, be made in writing and shall be irrevocable;

(b) specify the eligible area to which the claim relates and the amount of the qualifying prospecting expenditure claimed to be deductible;

(c) contain a declaration described in paragraph 4 if a claim is made for a deduction under subparagraph 5(b); and in the case of subparagraph (b) or (c) , shall contain such other information as may be necessary to enable the Director General to dispose of the claim in accordance with this Schedule.

4. The declaration referred to in subparagraph 3(c) is a declaration by the prospector that--

(a) on a date before the end of the basis year for the relevant year he permanently ceased to search for deposits of minerals in the area to which the claim relates, to win access to any such deposits discovered by him in that area and to test any such deposits; and

(b) he has not carried on and has formed the permanent intention not to carry on any business consisting of or including the working of a mine in that area.

5. Subject to this Schedule, there shall be deducted for the relevant year under subsection 44(1)--

(a) an amount equal to so much of the qualifying prospecting expenditure as was incurred in the basis period for the relevant year:

Provided that where the area specified in subparagraph 3(b) ceased to be an eligible area by reason of a lease, licence or certificate (other than a prospecting licence or certificate) granted or issued under any written law regulating mining being granted, issued or assigned to the prospector in any year of assessment subsequent to the relevant year, there shall be added under paragraph 43(1)(c) in ascertaining the prospector's aggregate income for that year of assessment subsequent to that relevant year an amount equal to that prospecting expenditure or where a prospecting expenditure has been made to him for more than one relevant year the aggregate of all those expenditure for all those years; or

(b) an amount equal to so much of the qualifying prospecting expenditure as was incurred before, but not more than ten years before, the end of the basis year for the relevant year.

6. Where--

(a) a claim under this Schedule is not allowable because the area specified under subparagraph 3(b) is not an eligible area or is misdescribed or because the amount of expenditure so specified is excessive; and

(b) the Director General is of the opinion that the claim would be wholly or partly allowable, if amendments were made affecting the area or amount so specified, he may make those amendments and allow the claim (in whole or in part) as amended.

7. Subject to paragraph 8, where a claim under this Schedule in respect of any area and expenditure has been allowed or disallowed, no other claim may be made for any year of assessment in respect of that area or expenditure.

8. Where a claim under this Schedule in respect of any area and expenditure is disallowed because the Director General is not satisfied as to any matter to which the declaration described in paragraph 4 relates, a further claim in respect of that area and expenditure may be made for a subsequent year of assessment.

9. Where a claim is made under this Schedule in respect of any area and expenditure, the amount of any deduction which would otherwise be made under subsection 44(1) pursuant to this Schedule for any or all relevant years shall be reduced to the extent provided by paragraphs 10 to 13 (that amount being referred to in those paragraphs as the provisional deduction).

10. (1) Where machinery or plant has been purchased by the prospector and used in any operation connected with any qualifying prospecting expenditure to which the provisional deduction relates (whether or not is was first used in that way), the provisional deduction under subparagraph 5(a) shall be reduced--

(a) if the machinery or plant has been sold in the basis period for the relevant year by the amount of any consideration for the sale (ascertained in accordance with paragraph 11);

(b) by an amount equal to any sum received or receivable by the prospector in the basis period for the relevant year for the use of the machinery or plant otherwise than in any such operation; and

(c) if the machinery or plant has not been sold in the basis period for the relevant year in which he permanently ceased to search for deposits of minerals in the area to which the claim relates, to win access to any such deposits discovered by him in that area and to test any such deposits, by an amount equal to its market value at the date he permanently ceased to prospect in that area.

(2) Where machinery or plant has been purchased by the prospector and used in any operation connected with any qualifying prospecting expenditure to which the provisional deduction relates (whether or not it was first used in that way), the provisional deduction under subparagraph 5(b) shall be reduced--

(a) if the machinery or plant has been sold before the date referred to in subparagraph 4(a), by the amount of any consideration for the sale (ascertained in accordance with paragraph 11);

(b) if the machinery or plant has not been sold before that date, by an amount equal to its market value at that date; and

(c) by an amount equal to any sum received or receivable by the prospector before that date (and, in the case of machinery or plant to which paragraph 14 applies, after the date on which the machinery or plant was first used in any such operation) for the use of the machinery or plant otherwise than in any such operation.

11. For the purposes of paragraph 10, the consideration for a sale of machinery or plant shall be ascertained by taking the amount of any monetary consideration and the amount of the market value of any non-monetary consideration or, where there is only non-monetary consideration, by taking the amount of the market value of either--

(a) the non-monetary consideration; or

(b) the machinery or plant at the date of the sale, whichever is the greater:

Provided that the consideration shall be taken to be the amount of the market value of the plant or machinery at the time of the sale in any case where the monetary consideration is less than the market value and the Director General is satisfied that the sale is a transaction to which section 140 applies.

12. The provisional deduction shall be reduced--

(a) by an amount equal to any sum received or receivable by the prospector at any time before the end of the basis year for the relevant year or in the basis period for the relevant year, as the case may be, from the sale of any rights or other benefits arising from or connected with the area to which the provisional deduction relates, and by an amount equal to the market value at the time of the sale of any non-monetary consideration so received or receivable; and

(b) by an amount equal to any sum received or receivable by the prospector at any time before the end of the basis year for the relevant year or in the basis period for the relevant year, as the case may be, as a grant or other payment by the Government, a State Government or a statutory authority intended directly or indirectly to reduce the burden of the qualifying prospecting expenditure to which the provisional deduction relates.

13. Where, by reason of the fact that as regards the prospector there is for the relevant year no or no sufficient defined aggregate, a deduction which would otherwise be made under subsection 44(1) pursuant to this Schedule cannot be made or can be made only in part, the deduction (or, where the deduction can be made only in part, so much of the deduction as cannot be made) shall be made for the first year of assessment (being a year of assessment subsequent to the relevant year) for which in computing the total income of the prospector there is a defined aggregate, and so on for the years of assessment subsequent to that first year until the whole amount of the deduction has been made.

14. Where the operator uses in operations connected with qualifying prospecting expenditure any machinery or plant acquired by him otherwise than for such a use, the market value of the machinery or plant when first used in any of those operations (and not its price or market value when it was first acquired by him) shall be deemed to be included in that expenditure.

15. Where--

(a) there has been made under paragraphs 10 to 13 a reduction consisting of an amount equal to a sum receivable (but not received) by the prospector; and

(b) within the five years following the relevant year the prospector satisfies the Director General that the sum in question or a part of that sum is irrecoverable, such adjustments in the ascertainment of the prospector's total income for any year of assessment shall be made as are necessary to compute the tax paid by him which would not have been paid if there had been allowed to him the deduction which would have been allowed if that sum or that part of that sum, as the case may be, had not been taken into account as receivable; and a sum equal to any tax so computed shall be repaid to the prospector by the Director General:

Provided that, where this paragraph has been applied to a part of that sum, that part shall be left out of account in any subsequent application of this paragraph.

16. Where the prospector receives in the basis year for a year of assessment subsequent to the relevant year which coincides with the year in which he permanently ceased to search for, win access or test deposits of minerals in that area--

(a) an amount to which, if it had been received or receivable by him in the basis year for the relevant year, paragraph 12 would have applied; or

(b) an amount on account or in respect of an amount treated as irrecoverable with regard to which an adjustment has been made under paragraph 15, the amount so received shall be added under paragraph 43(1)(c) in ascertaining the prospector's aggregate income for that subsequent year:

Provided that the amount (if any) so added in ascertaining the prospector's aggregate income for a year of assessment by virtue of this paragraph, together with any amount so added in ascertaining his aggregate income for any previous year of assessment in relation to the same claim, shall not exceed the total deductions allowed in pursuance of the claim under any of the foregoing paragraphs for the relevant year and any subsequent year of assessment.

17. In this Schedule--

"defined aggregate", in relation to the prospector and a year of assessment, means his aggregate income for that year reduced by any deduction falling to be made for that year pursuant to subsection 44(2);

"eligible area" means any particular area in Malaysia which does not consist of or include an area with respect to which there is or has been in force at any time before the end of the basis year for the relevant year any lease, licence or certificate (other than a prospecting licence or certificate) granted or issued under any written law regulating mining and granted, issued or assigned to the prospector before the end of that basis year.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53/Schedule 4A

Schedule 4A

[Sections 43 and 44]

(Deleted by Act 644)

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53,,/Schedule 4B

Schedule 4B

[Sections 43 and 44]

Qualifying Pre-Operational Business Expenditure

1. Qualifying pre-operational business expenditure for purposes of this Schedule is expenditure within the meaning of paragraph 2, incurred by a company resident in Malaysia in connection with a proposal by that company to undertake investment in a business venture as approved by the Minister in a country outside Malaysia.

2. Subject to paragraph 1, qualifying pre-operational business expenditure for the purposes of this Schedule is--

(a) expenses directly attributable to the conduct of feasibility studies;

(b) expenses directly attributable to the conduct of market research or the obtaining of marketing information, or

(c) expenses by way of fares in respect of travel to a country outside Malaysia by a representative of the company, being travel necessarily undertaken for the purposes of conducting feasibility study or market survey, and actual expenses, subject to a maximum of four hundred ringgit per day, for accommodation and sustenance for the whole period commencing with the representative's departure from Malaysia and ending with his return to Malaysia.

3. Subject to this Schedule, there shall be deducted for a year of assessment under subsection 44(1) an amount equal to so much of the qualifying pre-operational business expenditure as was incurred in the basis period for the year of assessment (in this Schedule that year of assessment being referred to as "the relevant year").

4. Where by reason of the fact that there is for the relevant year no or no sufficient defined aggregate, a deduction which would otherwise be made under subsection 44(1) pursuant to this Schedule cannot be made or can be made only in part, the deduction (or, where the deduction can be made only in part, so much of the deduction as cannot be made) shall be made for the first year of assessment (being a year of assessment subsequent to the relevant year) for which in computing the total income there is a defined aggregate, and so on for the years of assessment subsequent to that first year until the whole amount of the deduction has been made.

5. In this Schedule, "defined aggregate", in relation to a year of assessment, means the aggregate income for that year reduced by a deduction made pursuant to subsection 44(2) or Schedule 4.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53/Schedule 4C

Schedule 4C

[Section 44]

(Deleted by Act 644)

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53,,/Schedule 5

Schedule 5

[Section 102]

Appeals

Hearing of appeals

1. (1) Every appeal shall be heard by three Special Commissioners, at least one of whom shall be a person with judicial or other legal experience within the meaning of subsection 98(3).

(2) If a Chairman or Deputy Chairman of the Special Commissioners has been appointed and is present at the hearing of an appeal, he shall preside at the hearing.

(3) Two or more hearing of appeals may be heard concurrently at any one time.

(4) If the Chairman or Deputy Chairman has not been appointed or is not present at the hearing of the appeals, the Special Commissioners present at the hearing of the appeals shall choose one of their number, who shall be a person with experience of the kind mentioned in subparagraph (1), to preside at the hearing.

1a. If any one of the Special Commissioners who has commenced hearing any of the appeals is unable to complete the hearing due to expiration of the term of his appointment or other reason, the hearing may, with the consent of both parties, be heard afresh or continued by the remaining Special Commissioners with another Special Commissioner.

Place of sitting

2. The Special Commissioners shall sit for the hearing of appeals in--

(a) Ipoh;

(b) Kota Kinabalu;

(c) Kuala Lumpur;

(d) Kuching;

(e) Malacca;

(f) Penang; and

(g) such other places (if any) as they think appropriate.

3. The Special Commissioners shall draw up in advance a programme for each half-year of the places at which and the dates on which they intend to sit and shall conform with their programme so far as is reasonably practicable, without prejudice to their right to make such variations in the programme as circumstances appear to them to require.

4. The Clerk shall inform the Director General of the programme drawn up under paragraph 3 as soon as possible after it has been drawn up and shall, so far as may be, keep him informed of any variations therein.

Sending forward of appeals, etc.

5. Where the Director General sends an appeal forward in pursuance of section 102, he shall do so by forwarding to the Clerk a copy of the notice of appeal given under section 99, together with an address for service and a request for the appeal to be set down for hearing.

6. The notice forwarded under paragraph 5 shall constitute the petition of appeal and the appellant's address contained therein shall constitute the appellant's address for service.

7. Either party to an appeal may change his address for service by giving written notice of the change to the Clerk and the other party.

Place and date of hearing

8. On receipt of a request under paragraph 5 for an appeal to be set down for hearing, the Clerk shall fix a place and date of hearing which he considers suitable and shall give the appellant and the Director General at least twenty-eight days notice of the date and place so fixed:

Provided that, before sending an appeal forward, the Director General may make an agreement in writing with the appellant fixing one of the places included in any programme drawn up under paragraph 3 as the place of hearing of the appeal, and, where he does so--

(a) he shall forward a copy of the agreement to the Clerk when he sends the appeal forward; and

(b) the Clerk shall fix as the place of hearing the place so agreed.

9. One of the Special Commissioners on the application of a party to an appeal may, after giving the other party an opportunity to be heard, vary any date or place fixed under paragraph 8 and may do so, in the case of a place so fixed, notwithstanding that the appeal has been partly heard in that place.

Appeals may be heard together

10. One of the Special Commissioners may order--

(a) two or more appeals by the same person; or

(b) two or more appeals by different persons, if they agree, to be heard together.

11. One of the Special Commissioners may make an order under subparagraph 10(a) either of his own motion or on the application of a party to one of the appeals in question, but no such order shall be made until the parties to those appeals have been given an opportunity to be heard.

Scope of argument

12. At the hearing of an appeal the appellant may rely on grounds of appeal other than those stated in the petition of appeal and may vary any ground of appeal so stated:

Provided that, where he does so without giving reasonable notice to the Director General, the Special Commissioners shall adjourn the hearing for a reasonable period if requested to do so by the Director General.

Onus of proof

13. The onus of proving that an assessment against which an appeal is made is excessive or erroneous shall be on the appellant.

Representation and attendance

14. For the purposes of an appeal--

(a) the Director General may be represented by an authorized officer, a legal officer or an advocate;

(b) the appellant may be represented by an advocate or a tax agent or by both an advocate and a tax agent; and

(c) if the appellant is the principal within the meaning of section 67, he may be represented by the representative within the meaning of that section.

15. In paragraph 14--

"legal officer" means a legally qualified public officer entitled under the law in force in any part of Malaysia to represent the Government in civil proceedings by or against the Government.

16. The Director General and the appellant may--

(a) attend at the time and place fixed for the hearing of the appeal; and

(b) do any other thing or take any other action in connection with the appeal, either personally or by a representative of the kind referred to in paragraph 14.

16a. Where both parties to an appeal attend, either personally or by a representative of the kind referred to in paragraph 14, at the time and place fixed for the hearing of the appeal, the Special Commissioners may on the application of either or both of the parties grant a postponement of the hearing on such terms as they consider reasonable, including terms as to the costs of the postponement to the Special Commissioners and to the party not applying for postponement, against the party or parties (as the case may be) applying for the postponement.

17. (1) Where a party to an appeal fails to attend, either personally or by a representative of the kind referred to in paragraph 14, at the time and place fixed for the hearing of the appeal, the Special Commissioners--

(a) if they are then and there satisfied that the defaulting party is prevented from attending by sickness or other reasonable cause, shall postpone the hearing for what appears to them to be an appropriate time, or they may hear and decide the appeal in the absence of the defaulting party if he requests them to do so;

(b) if they are not so satisfied, may hear and decide the appeal in the absence of the defaulting party, or may dismiss the appeal if the defaulting party is the appellant, or may postpone the hearing for what appears to them to be an appropriate time.

(2) Where both parties to an appeal fail to attend, either personally or by a representative of the kind referred to in paragraph 14, at the time and place fixed for the hearing of the appeal--

(a) if each of the parties fails to satisfy the Special Commissioners that he is prevented from attending by sickness or other reasonable cause, they may either decide or dismiss the appeal in the absence of both parties or postpone the hearing for what appears to them to be an appropriate time, and where they postpone the hearing they may order either or both parties to pay to them such costs as they consider reasonable;

(b) if the Special Commissioners are then and there satisfied that one of the parties is prevented from attending by sickness or other reasonable cause and are not satisfied that the other party is so prevented, they shall postpone the hearing for what appears to them to be an appropriate time, or they may decide the appeal in the absence of the parties if the party so prevented requests them to do so;

(c) if the Special Commissioners are satisfied that both parties are prevented from attending by sickness or other reasonable cause, they shall postpone the hearing for what appears to them to be an appropriate time, or they may decide the appeal in the absence of the parties if the parties request them to do so.

18. Where, after a deciding order has been made under paragraph 17 as the result of a party's failure to attend at the time and place fixed for the hearing of an appeal, the Special Commissioners are satisfied on an application made within a period of thirty days after the making of the order that the defaulting party was prevented from attending by sickness or other reasonable cause, they may set aside the order and fix a time and place for a fresh hearing of the appeal.

Powers of Special Commissioners

19. The Special Commissioners shall have--

(a) power to summon to attend at the hearing of an appeal any person who in their opinion is or might be able to give evidence respecting the appeal;

(b) power, where a person is so summoned, to examine him as a witness on oath or otherwise;

(c) power, where a person is so summoned, to require him to produce any books, papers or documents which are in his custody or under his control and which the Special Commissioners may consider necessary for the purposes of the appeal;

(d) power, where a person is so summoned, to allow him any reasonable expenses incurred by him in connection with his attendance;

(e) all the powers of a subordinate court with regard to the enforcement of attendance of witnesses, hearing evidence on oath and punishment for contempt;

(f) subject to subsection 142(5), power to admit or reject any evidence adduced, whether oral or documentary and whether admissible or inadmissible under the provisions of any written law for the time being in force relating to the admissibility of evidence; and

(g) power to postpone or adjourn the hearing of an appeal from time to time (including power to adjourn to consider their decision).

Witnesses bound to tell truth, etc.

20. Every person examined as a witness by or before the Special Commissioners, whether on oath or otherwise, shall be legally bound to state the truth and if summoned under subparagraph 19(a) to produce such books, papers or documents in his custody or under his control as the Special Commissioners may require under subparagraph 19(c).

Witnesses' expenses

21. (1) Expenses allowed under subparagraph 19(d) shall be assessed by the Clerk on the scale used in civil proceedings in a subordinate court and shall be paid by the appellant or the Government as the Special Commissioners may direct.

(2) In a case where section 67 applies, the Special Commissioners may direct that expenses assessed under subparagraph (1) shall be paid by the representative (within the meaning of that section); and, where they so direct, subsections (4) to (7) of that section shall apply as if those expenses were tax due from the representative.

Procedure

22. Subject to this Act and any rules made under paragraph 154(1)(d), the Special Commissioners may regulate the procedure at the hearing of an appeal and their own procedure.

Deciding orders

23. As soon as may be after completing the hearing of an appeal, the Special Commissioners shall give their decision on the appeal in the form of an order which shall be known as a deciding order and which, subject to this Schedule, shall be final.

23a. For the purpose of paragraph 23, "deciding order" includes an order where the Special Commissioners dismiss an appeal under paragraph 17.

24. A deciding order may, if the Special Commissioners think fit, be read or summarized in the presence of the parties by one of the Special Commissioners or the Clerk; but the fact that any deciding order is not so read or summarized shall not affect its validity and the fact that any deciding order is so read or summarized shall not relieve the Clerk of his obligation under paragraph 44 to cause a copy of the order to be served on the parties.

25. If the Special Commissioners differ among themselves as to the decision to be given on an appeal--

(a) the opinion of the majority shall prevail; and

(b) the Special Commissioner who dissents from the majority view shall sign the deciding order as required by paragraph 44 (unless he is incapacitated from doing so as mentioned in that paragraph), but in doing so shall indicate the fact of his dissent and may, if he thinks fit, add a statement of his reasons therefor.

26. Subject to paragraphs 25 and 31, a deciding order shall either confirm or discharge the assessment to which the appeal relates or shall direct the Director General to amend the assessment; and, where it directs amendment, the order shall--

(a) specify the appropriate amendments;

(b) require the appropriate amendments to be determined by agreement between the parties or, failing agreement, by the Special Commissioners; or

(c) specify some of the appropriate amendments and require the others to be so determined.

27. Where a deciding order is made pursuant to subparagraph 26(b) or (c) in respect of an appeal, section 101 shall apply as if references to the order were substituted for references to the notice of appeal under subsection 99(1) (any agreement come to pursuant to the order being deemed to be and to have the same effect as an agreement of the kind mentioned in subsection 101(2)) and section 102 shall apply as it applies on a failure to come to an agreement of that kind:

Provided that--

(a) if the Special Commissioners are required under paragraph 34 to state a case in respect of the order, section 102 shall not come into operation until all proceedings respecting the case have been completed; and

(b) if the Director General has cause to send the appeal forward to the Special Commissioners pursuant to section 102, he shall do so by sending to the Clerk and the appellant a written statement that a further hearing has become necessary by reason of the parties' failure to agree.

28. Where an appeal is set down for further hearing pursuant to paragraph 27, it shall not be necessary for the further hearing to take place before the same Special Commissioners as those who heard the earlier proceedings.

Vexatious and frivolous appeals

29. (1) Where on an appeal the Special Commissioners do not discharge or amend an assessment, they may, if in their opinion the appeal was vexatious or frivolous, order the appellant to pay as costs to the Special Commissioners a sum not exceeding five thousand ringgit.

(2) In a case where section 67 applies, the Special Commissioners may order the representative (within the meaning of that section) to pay costs under subparagraph (1); and, where they do so, subsections (4) to (7) of that section shall apply as if those costs were tax due from the representative.

30. Subject to any representation made under paragraph 31 a sum ordered to be paid under paragraph 29 shall become due and payable on the expiration of a period of seven days starting on the date when the order for payment was served on the appellant or the representative (within the meaning of section 67), as the case may be, and shall be recoverable as a debt due to the Government.

31. (1) The Special Commissioners may make an order as to costs under paragraph 29 notwithstanding that the appellant was not present at the hearing of the appeal.

(2) Where the Special Commissioners make an order as to costs under paragraph 29--

(a) it shall be included in the deciding order made under paragraph 26; and

(b) the appellant or the representative (within the meaning of section 67) may within twenty-one days of the service on him of the deciding order make representation orally or in writing to the Special Commissioners showing cause why the order as to costs ought not to have been made or why the costs ordered ought to be reduced, and the Special Commissioners if satisfied with the representation may remit the costs ordered either wholly or partly.

Costs and fees

32. Except as expressly provided in this Schedule, the Special Commissioners shall not make any order as to the payment of the costs of an appeal.

32a. (1) Except as provided in paragraph 30, any sum ordered to be paid by the Special Commissioners as costs shall become due and payable on the order for payment being made and shall be recoverable--

(a) in the case of costs ordered to be paid to the appellant, as a debt due to him; and

(b) in the case of costs ordered to be paid to the Special Commissioners or the Director General, as a debt due to the Government.

(2) In any proceedings for the recovery of costs ordered by the Special Commissioners the production of a certificate signed by one of the Special Commissioners giving the names and addresses of the persons to whom and by whom such costs are to be paid and the amount of the costs due shall be sufficient evidence of the amount so due and sufficient authority for the court to give judgment for that amount.

33. ( Deleted by Act A108).

Further appeals

34. Either party to proceedings before the Special Commissioners may appeal on a question of law against a deciding order made in those proceedings (including a deciding order made pursuant to subparagraph 26(b) or (c) ) by requiring the Special Commissioners to state a case for the opinion of the High Court and by paying to the Clerk at the time of making the requisition such fee as may be prescribed from time to time by the Minister in respect of each deciding order against which he seeks to appeal.

35. A requisition under paragraph 34 shall be in writing and shall be sent or delivered to the Clerk within twenty-one days after the service on the intending appellant of the order against which he seeks to appeal.

36. The High Court on the application of an intending appellant made by summons in chambers may extend the period of twenty-one days mentioned in paragraph 35.

37. A case stated under paragraph 34--

(a) shall set forth the facts as found by the Special Commissioners, the deciding order and the grounds of their decision; and

(b) shall be signed by the Special Commissioners who heard the appeal (or, if any of them are incapacitated from signing by reason of death, illness, absence or any other cause, by such of them as are able to do so).

37a. (1) The appellant shall pay to the Clerk the cost of preparing the case stated at such rate as may be prescribed from time to time by the Minister.

(2) The Special Commissioners may at any time before a case stated is transmitted to the High Court require the appellant to deposit with the Clerk a sum which in their opinion will cover the cost of preparing copies of the case stated for the High Court and the parties, and where they do so they may refrain from stating the case or prevent the case stated from being transmitted to the High Court unless the required deposit is made.

(3) Any party to an appeal may obtain from the Clerk extra copies of the case stated on payment of such fee as may be prescribed from time to time by the Minister.

38. When a case has been stated and signed in accordance with paragraph 37, the Clerk shall transmit it to the High Court and serve a copy of it on the parties to the proceedings in respect of which it is stated.

39. The High Court shall hear and determine any question of law arising on a case stated under paragraph 34 and may in accordance with its determination thereof--

(a) order the assessment to which the case relates to be confirmed, discharged or amended;

(b) remit the case to the Special Commissioners with the opinion of the court thereon; or

(c) make such other order as it thinks just and appropriate.

40. At any time before it determines the questions of law arising on a case stated under paragraph 34, the High Court may--

(a) cause the case to be sent back to the Special Commissioners for amendment; or

(b) require the Special Commissioners to find further facts and state a supplementary case, and may postpone or adjourn the proceedings before it until the amendment has been made or the requisition complied with.

41. There shall be such rights of appeal from decisions of the High Court on cases stated under paragraph 34 as exist in respect of decisions of the High Court on questions of law in its appellate civil jurisdiction.

42. Unless it is otherwise provided by rules of court, the rules of court for the time being in force in relation to appeals in civil matters from a subordinate court to the High Court and from the High Court in its appellate jurisdiction to the Court of Appeal and the Federal Court shall, subject to this Schedule, apply with the necessary modifications to appeals under this Schedule to the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the Federal Court respectively.

Supplemental provisions

42a.Where any matter of procedure or practice is not provided for in this Schedule, the procedure and practice for the time being in force or in use in the subordinate court or in the High Court, as the case may be, shall be adopted and followed with the necessary modifications.

43. (1) Proceedings under this Schedule before the Special Commissioners or the court shall take place in camera:

Provided that where the Director General applies to the Special Commissioners or the court, as the case may be, that the proceedings, or such part thereof as he may deem necessary, be heard by way of a hearing open to the public, the Special Commissioners or the court, as the case may be, shall direct that the proceedings or the part thereof, as the case may be, shall be so heard, notwithstanding any objection from any other party to the proceedings:

Provided further that, where in the opinion of the Special Commissioners or the court any proceedings or part thereof heard in camera ought to be reported, the Special Commissioners or the court, as the case may be, may publish or authorize publication of the facts of the case, the arguments and the decision relating to the proceedings or the part thereof heard in camera, but without identifying the parties (other than the Director General) where the whole proceedings were heard in camera.

(2) Any publication authorized under subparagraph (1) may be obtained from the Special Commissioners or the court on payment of such fee as may be prescribed from time to time by the Minister.

44. Where a deciding order or any other order is made by the Special Commissioners or one of the Special Commissioners in or in connection with proceedings under this Schedule--

(a) the order shall be dated and signed by the Special Commissioners or Special Commissioner making it; and

(b) a copy of the order shall be served by the Clerk on the parties to the proceedings:

Provided that, if any of the Special Commissioners who have made a deciding order are incapacitated from signing by reason of death, illness, absence or any other cause, the order shall be signed by such of them as are able to do so.

45. Directions for the settlement or disposal of any matter of a procedural nature arising in connection with proceedings before the Special Commissioners, the High Court, the Court of Appeal or the Federal Court under this Schedule may, if no other provision is made by or under this Act or rules of court for the settlement or disposal of the matter, be given--

(a) in relation to proceedings before the Special Commissioners, by one of the Special Commissioners on an application made in whatever manner he considers appropriate; and

(b) in relation to proceedings before the High Court, the Court of Appeal or the Federal Court, by the High Court on an application made by summons in chambers.

46. The Special Commissioners in the exercise of their functions shall enjoy the same judicial immunity as is enjoyed by the person presiding in a subordinate court.

47. In sections 193 and 228 of the Penal Code the words "judicial proceeding" shall be deemed to include an appeal.

48. In this Schedule--

"appeal", except in paragraphs 34 to 42, means an appeal to the Special Commissioners under section 99;

"deciding order" means a deciding order made under paragraph 23;

"subordinate court" means a sessions court or the court of a magistrate of the first class;

"High Court", in relation to an appeal heard by the Special Commissioners, means (unless the parties to the appeal agree otherwise in writing) the High Court having jurisdiction in the place where the appeal begins to be heard by the Special Commissioners.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53/Schedule 6

Schedule 6

[Section 127]

Exemption from tax

Part I

INCOME WHICH IS EXEMPT

1. The official emoluments of a Ruler or Ruling Chief as defined in section 76.

1A. The official emoluments of the Consort of a Ruler of a State having the title of Raja Perempuan, Sultanah, Tengku Ampuan, Raja Permaisuri, Tengku Permaisuri, or Permaisuri:

Provided that where there are two or more consorts of a Ruler of a State having the above titles, the exemption shall be given only to the one recognized to be the official Consort.

1B. The official income of a former Ruler or Ruling Chief as defined in section 76 (excluding a former Governor or Yang di-Pertua Negara of a State) or a Consort of a former Ruler of a State previously having the title of Raja Perempuan, Sultanah, Tengku Ampuan, Raja Permaisuri, Tengku Permaisuri, or Permaisuri.

[Proviso Deleted by P.U.(B) 47/2014]

2. The official emoluments received by any person in respect of the exercise by him of the functions of a State Authority in a temporary or acting capacity.

3. Any income which is exempt by virtue of the Diplomatic Privileges (Vienna Convention) Act 1966 [Act 24 of 1966 ], or by virtue of an order made under Part III of the *Diplomatic and Consular Privileges Ordinance 1957 [Ord. 53 of 1957] or under the Foreign Representatives (Privileges and Immunities) Act 1967 [Act 541].

4. The official emoluments of consular officers and consular employees (as defined in the Diplomatic and Consular Privileges Ordinance 1957*) in the service of a country to which Part IV of that Ordinance applies, to the extent provided by any consular convention between Malaysia and that country or, in the absence of a consular convention, to the extent that reciprocal treatment is accorded by that country to persons exercising corresponding functions in the service of Malaysia.

5. The income of the Government or a State Government.

6. The income of a local authority.

7. Wound and disability pensions granted to persons in respect of--

(a) service in the armed forces of Malaysia or a Commonwealth country;

(b) service on and after Merdeka Day in the armed forces;

(c) service before Merdeka Day in the Malay Regiment, the Federation Regiment, the Johore Military Forces, any volunteer force or local defence corps within the meaning of the Volunteer Forces and Local Defence Corps (Demobilization) Ordinance 1946 [Ord. 16 of 1946], or any force raised or established by or under the Malayan Auxiliary Air Force Ordinance 1950 [Ord. 1 of 1950], the Volunteer Force Ordinance 1951 [Ord. 5 of 1951 ], the Malayan Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Ordinance 1952 [Ord. 3 of 1952], or the Military Forces Ordinance 1952 [Ord. 47 of 1952]; or

(d) service in the Sarawak Volunteer Force or the Sarawak Rangers, and pensions granted to wives or dependant relatives of members of any of those forces or local defence corps killed on war service.

8. Disability pensions granted in respect of war service injuries to members of civil defence organizations in any territory comprised in Malaysia on 1 January 1968.

9. Sums payable out of moneys provided by Parliament by way of bounty to members of any of the following reserve forces, that is to say--

(a) Royal Malaysian Naval Volunteer Reserve;

(b) Malaysian Territorial Army;

(c) Royal Malaysian Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

10. The emoluments of any person who is a member of the armed forces of a Commonwealth country or in the service of the government of a Commonwealth country, if--

(a) he is in Malaysia for the purpose of performing his duties as a member of those forces or as a person in that service, as the case may be; and

(b) those emoluments are payable from the public funds of that country and subject to foreign tax of that country.

11. (Deleted by Act 328).

12. (1) The income of any co-operative society--

(a) in respect of a period of five years commencing from the date of registration of such co-operative society; and

(b) thereafter where the members' funds of such co-operative society as at the first day of the basis period for the year of assessment is less than seven hundred and fifty thousand ringgit.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph "members' funds" means the aggregate of the paid up capital (in respect of shares and subscriptions and not including any amount in respect of bonus shares to the extent they were issued out of capital reserve created by revaluation of fixed assets) statutory reserve fund, reserves (other than any capital reserve which was created by revaluation of fixed assets and provisions for depreciation, renewals or replacements and diminution in value of assets), balance of share premium account (not including any amount credited therein at the instance of issuing bonus shares at premium out of capital reserve created by revaluation of fixed assets), and balance of profit and loss appropriation account.

12A. Any dividend paid, credited or distributed to any member by a co-operative society.

12B. Any dividend paid, credited or distributed to any person where the company paying such dividend is not entitled to deduct tax under this Act and any expenses incurred in relation to such dividend shall be disregarded for the purpose of ascertaining the adjusted income of the person.

12C. Any profit paid, credited or distributed to partners by a limited liability partnership.

13. (1) The income of--

(a) an institution or organization approved for the purposes of subsection 44(6) so long as the approval remains in force; or

(b) a religious institution or organization which is not operated or conducted primarily for profit and which is established in Malaysia exclusively for the purposes of religious worship or the advancement of religion.

14. Sums received by way of death gratuities or as consolidated compensation for death or injuries.

15. (1) A payment (other than a payment by a controlled company to a director of the company who is not a whole-time service director) made by an employer to an employee of his as compensation for loss of employment or in consideration of any covenant entered into by the employee restricting his right to take up other employment of the same or a similar kind--

(a) if the Director General is satisfied that the payment is made on account of loss of employment due to ill-health; or

(b) in the case of a payment made in connection with a period of employment with the same employer or with companies in the same group, in respect of so much of the payments as does not exceed an amount ascertained by multiplying the sum of ten thousand ringgit by the number of completed years of service with that employer or those companies:

Provided that this subsubparagraph shall aply to the payment made in respect of an individual who has ceased employment on or after 1 July 2008.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph the Director General may direct that a period of employment in a business with different employers where the control and management of that business substantially remains with the same person or persons or where the employment is with different employers whose businesses are conducted by or through a central agency shall be treated as a period of employment with the same employer.

(3) In this paragraph, "compensation for loss of employment" shall include any payment made by an employer to an employee of his pursuant to a separation scheme where employees are given an option for an early termination of an employment contract provided that such scheme from which payment was made does not expressly or impliedly provide for the employee to be reemployed under any other scheme of employment by the same or any other employer.

16. Pensions granted to any person under any written law relating to widows', widowers and orphans' pensions (or under any approved scheme within the meaning of any such law) and pensions paid under an approved scheme to or for the benefit of the widow, widower, child or children of a deceased contributor to the scheme.

17. The income of a trade union registered under any written law relating to trade unions, in so far as the income does not consist of the gains or profits from a business carried on by the union.

18. Any income for the basis period for a year of assessment derived by a person who was not resident for the basis year for that year of assessment from trading in Malaysia through consignees in any commodity of the following kind, that is to say, rubber, copra, pepper, tin, tin ore, gambier, sago flour or cloves being a commodity produced outside Malaysia.

19. Interest paid or credited to any person in respect of any savings certificates issued by the Government.

20. The income of any approved scheme.

20A.Any income of a life insurer or takaful operator from an investment made out of a life fund or family fund in respect of a deferred annuity established in accordance with the Retirement Savings Standards approved by the Central Bank of Malaysia and any adjusted loss from the investment in respect of the deferred annuity shall be disregarded for the purposes of the Act.

21. Subject to paragraph 22, the income of an individual from an employment exercised by him in Malaysia--

(a) for a period or periods which together do not exceed sixty days in the basis year for a year of assessment; or

(b) for a continuous period (not exceeding sixty days) which overlaps the basis years for two successive years of assessment); or

(c) for a continuous period (not exceeding sixty days) which overlaps the basis years for two successive years of assessment and for a period or periods which together with that continuous period do not exceed sixty days, if he is not resident for that basis year or for each of those basis years, as the case may be.

22. Paragraph 21 shall not apply to the income of an individual from an employment--

(a) if that individual has income derived from Malaysia from that employment for a period or periods amounting in all to more than sixty days in the basis year referred to in that paragraph or in the period consisting of the basis years so referred to; or

(b) if the income is income from an employment exercised by a public entertainer (that is to say, any professional entertainer, artiste, athlete or other individual who entertains whether in public or private for profit on stage, radio or television, at a stadium or sports ground, or otherwise) and no part of that income is paid out of the public funds of the government of a country outside Malaysia.

23. Education allowances paid to designated officers under the Overseas Service (North Borneo) Agreement 1961, or the Overseas Service (Sarawak) Agreement 1961.

24. Any sums paid by way or in the nature of a scholarship or other similar grant or allowance to an individual, whether or not in connection with an employment of that individual.

25. (1) Sums received by way of gratuity on retirement from an employment--

(a) if the Director General is satisfied that the retirement was due to ill-health;

(b) if the retirement takes place on or after reaching the age of 55, or on reaching the compulsory age of retirement from employment specified under any written law and in either case from an employment which has lasted ten years with the same employer or with companies in the same group; or

(c) if the retirement takes place on reaching the compulsory age of retirement pursuant to a contract of employment or collective agreement at the age of 50 but before 55 and that employment has lasted for ten years with the same employer or with companies in the same group.

(2) For the purposes of this paragraph the Director General may direct that a period of employment in a business with different employers where the control and management of that business substantially remains with the same person or persons or where the employment is with different employers whose businesses are conducted by or through a central agency shall be treated as a period of employment with the same employer.

25A. Sum received by way of gratuity or by way of payment in lieu of leave paid out of public funds on retirement from an employment under any written law.

25B. Sums received by way of gratuity paid out of public funds on termination of a contract of employment (less the employer's contribution to the Employees Provident Fund, if any, and interest thereon).

25C. Perquisite consisting of long service, past achievement, service excellence, innovation or productivity award, whether in money or otherwise, provided to an employee pursuant to his employment, limited to a maximum amount or value of two thousand ringgit for each employee for a year of assessment provided that exemption in respect of long service award shall apply only after the employee has exercised an employment for more than ten years with the same employer.

26. The income of--

(a) any national amateur sports organization certified by the President and Secretary of the Olympic Council of Malaysia to be affiliated to that Council during the basis year for any year of assessment; and

(b) any State amateur sports organization certified by the President (or corresponding officer) and Secretary of an organization to which paragraph (a) applies to be affiliated to that organization during the basis year for any year of assessment, being in each case income for that year of assessment.

27. Income of any person not resident in Malaysia for the basis year for a year of assessment in respect of interest derived from Malaysia on an approved loan.

28. (1) Income of any person, other than a resident company carrying on the business of banking, insurance or sea or air transport, for the basis year for a year of assessment derived from sources outside Malaysia and received in Malaysia.

(2) Paragraphs 5 and 6 of Schedule 7A shall apply mutatis mutandis to the amount of income derived and received by a resident company exempted under subparagraph (1).

29. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 44(6), the aggregate income of any person remaining after the reductions made pursuant to paragraphs 44(1)(a),(b) and (c) to the extent of the amount of any contribution made by him during the basis period for a year of assessment to the National Monument Restoration Fund established for the purpose of restoring the National Monument in Kuala Lumpur.

30. Pensions derived from Malaysia and paid to a person on reaching the age of 55, or on reaching the compulsory age of retirement from employment specified under any written law or if the Director General is satisfied that the retirement was due to ill-health--

(a) in respect of services rendered in exercising a former employment in Malaysia; and

(b) where the pension is paid other than under any written law, from a pension or provident fund, scheme or society which is an approved scheme.

Provided that where a person is paid more than one pension, this paragraph shall apply to the higher or the highest pension paid, as the case may be.

30A. Gratuity or pension derived from Malaysia and paid to a person resident for the basis year for a year of assessment under any written law applicable to the President or Deputy President of the Senate, Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, Speaker of the State Legislative Assembly, member of the Senate, member of the House of Representatives or member of the State Legislative Assembly:

Provided that--

(a) the exemption in respect of pension shall apply only when the person has attained the age of fifty-five or if the Director General is satisfied that such person ceased to be President, Deputy President, Speaker, Deputy Speaker or member due to ill-health; and

(b) where such person is eligible for exemption in respect of pension under this paragraph and also under paragraph 30 of this Schedule, exemption shall be applicable only to the higher or the highest pension payable, as the case may be.

31. (Deleted by Act 323).

32. Income of ten thousand ringgit for the basis year for a year of assessment derived by an individual resident in Malaysia for that basis year from royalty or payment in respect of the publication of, or the use of or the right to use, any artistic work (other than any original painting), and from royalty in respect of recording discs or tapes.

32A. Income of twelve thousand ringgit for the basis year for a year of assessment, derived by an individual resident in Malaysia, being payment received in that year in respect of any translation of books or literary work at the specific request of any agency of the Ministry of Education or Ministry of Higher Education or the Attorney General's Chambers:

Provided that the exemption shall not apply where the payment arises to the individual as part of his emoluments in the exercise of his official duties.

32B. Income of twenty thousand ringgit for the basis year for a year of assessment derived by an individual resident in Malaysia for that basis year from royalty (other than royalty in respect of recording discs or tapes) or payment in respect of the publication of, or the use of or the right to use, any literary work or any original painting.

32C. Income of an individual resident in Malaysia in that basis year in respect of his performances in cultural performances approved by the Minister:

Provided that the exemption shall not apply where the payment arises to the individual as part of his emoluments in the exercise of his official duties.

32D. Income of twenty thousand ringgit for the basis year for a year of assessment, derived by an individual resident in Malaysia, being payment in respect of any musical composition:

Provided that the exemption shall not apply where the payment arises to the individual as part of his emoluments in the exercise of his official duties.

32E. Income of an individual for the basis year for a year of assessment being payment by way of fee or honorarium in respect of services provided for purposes of validation, moderation or accreditation of franchised educational programmes in higher educational institutions and the services are verified by the Lembaga Akreditasi Negara:

Provided that the exemption shall not apply where the payment arises to the individual as part of his emoluments in the exercise of his official duties.

33. Income of any person not resident in Malaysia for the basis year for a year of assessment, in respect of interest derived from Malaysia (other than such interest accruing to a place of business in Malaysia of such person) and paid or credited by any person (whether the same person or not) carrying on the business of banking or finance in Malaysia and licensed under the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989 or the Islamic Banking Act 1983, or by any other institution approved by the Minister:

Provided that the exemption under this paragraph shall not apply to interest paid or credited on funds required for purposes of maintaining net working funds as prescribed by the Central Bank of Malaysia pursuant to section 37 of the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989 and subsection 5(2) of the Islamic Banking Act 1983, as the case may be.

33A.Interest paid or credited to any company not resident in Malaysia, other than such interest accruing to a place of business in Malaysia of such company--

(a) in respect of securities issued by the Government; or

(b) in respect of Islamic securities or debenture issued in Ringgit Malaysia, other than convertible loan stock, approved by the Securities Commission.

33B.Interest paid or credited to any person in respect of Islamic securities originating from Malaysia, other than convertible loan stock--

(a) issued in any currency other than Ringgit; and

(b) approved by the Securities Commission or the Labuan Offshore Financial Services Authority.

34. (1) Income of an individual derived from exercising an employment on board a ship used in a business operated by a person being a registered owner of a ship under the Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952 who is resident in Malaysia.

(2) For the purpose of this paragraph "ship" means a sea-going ship other than a ferry, barge, tug-boat, supply vessel, crew boat, lighter, dredger, fishing boat or other similar vessel.

34A.Interest paid or credited to any individual in respect of Merdeka Bonds issued by the Central Bank of Malaysia.

35. Interest or discount paid or credited to any individual, unit trust and listed closed-end fund--

(a) in respect of securities or bonds issued or guaranteed by the Government; or

(b) in respect of debentures or Islamic Securities, other than convertible loan stock, approved by the Securities Commission; or

(c) (Deleted by Act 624);

(d) in respect of Bon Simpanan Malaysia issued by the Central Bank of Malaysia.

35A. Income of a unit trust in respect of interest derived from Malaysia and paid or credited by any bank or financial institution licensed under the Banking and Financial Institutions Act 1989 or the Islamic Banking Act 1983 , or any development financial institution regulated under the Development Financial Institutions Act 2002.

36. Sums received by way of annuities granted under annuity contracts issued by Malaysian life insurers.

For the purposes of this paragraph "Malaysian life insurers" means life insurers and takaful operators whose ownership or membership are held in majority by Malaysian citizens.

Part II

(Deleted by Act 328)

* *NOTE--This Ordinance has been repealed by Act A1064 w.e.f. 3-9-1999.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53,,/Schedule 7

Schedule 7

[Sections 132 and 133]

Double Taxation Relief

Bilateral credit

1. Subject to this Schedule, the amount of Malaysian tax payable for a year of assessment shall be reduced by the amount of any bilateral credit.

2. Bilateral credit shall not be allowed against Malaysian tax for any year of assessment unless the person chargeable to the Malaysian tax is resident for the basis year for that year of assessment.

3. Where foreign income charged to foreign tax is income for a period which overlaps the basis period for a year of assessment, that income shall be apportioned in the manner provided by subsection 25(4) and for that year of assessment bilateral credit may be given only in respect of so much of that income as is apportioned to the part of the overlapping period which overlaps the basis period.

4. Where foreign income (being income for a particular period) is charged to Malaysian tax for more than one year of assessment or is charged to foreign tax more than once, bilateral credit may be allowed for a year of assessment for the total amount of foreign tax charged on that foreign income:

Provided that--

(a) the credit so allowed should not exceed the total amount of Malaysian tax charged on that foreign income; and

(b) where credit has been allowed for a year of assessment for any foreign tax, no credit shall be given for the same tax for any other year of assessment.

5. The bilateral credit to be allowed to a person in respect of any foreign income for a year of assessment shall not exceed a sum equal to so much of the Malaysian tax payable by him for that year (before the allowance of any credit under this Schedule) as bears to the whole of that Malaysian tax the same proportion as his statutory income in respect of that foreign income bears to his total income for that year.

6. Notwithstanding paragraph 5, the total bilateral credit to be allowed to a person for a year of assessment shall not exceed the total Malaysian tax payable by him on his chargeable income for that year before the allowance of any credit under this Schedule.

7. Bilateral credit shall not be allowed against Malaysian tax payable by a person for a year of assessment if he elects that credit shall not be allowed for that year.

8. (Deleted by Act 591).

9. Any claim for bilateral credit for a year of assessment shall be made in writing to the Director General not more than two years after the end of that year; and, where the claimant is aggrieved by the Director General's decision on the claim, subsection 131(5) shall apply (with any necessary modifications) as it applies where an applicant is aggrieved by the Director General's decision on an application under subsection 131(1).

10. Where the amount of any bilateral credit given is rendered excessive or insufficient by reason of any adjustment of the amount of any Malaysian tax or foreign tax, nothing in this Act limiting the time for making assessments, for making applications for relief or for giving notice of appeal shall apply to any assessment, application for relief or notice of appeal to which the adjustment gives rise, being an assessment, application or notice made or given not more than two years after the time when all such assessments, adjustments and other determinations have been made (in Malaysia or elsewhere) as are material in determining whether any and if so what bilateral credit falls to be given.

Special provisions for trusts

11. Where the trust body of a trust is resident for the basis year for a year of assessment and the total income of the trust body includes foreign income which has suffered foreign tax, every beneficiary of the trust who is resident for that basis year shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule--

(a) to have a part of that foreign income proportionately equal to the share of the total income of the trust body to which he is entitled; and

(b) to have paid on that part of that foreign income a part of that foreign tax proportionately equal to that share of the total income of the trust body.

12. Where a trust is not resident for the basis year of a year of assessment, any beneficiary of the trust (including an annuitant) who is resident for that basis year shall, if he satisfies the Director General that--

(a) he has paid or suffered foreign tax on his income from his further source (within the meaning of subsection 61(5)) in relation to the trust body or on so much of the annuity as is derived from outside Malaysia; or

(b) any income from such further source or any annuity so derived was paid by the trust body from income which had suffered foreign tax, be allowed bilateral credit in respect of that foreign tax in accordance with this Schedule.

Unilateral credit

13. Subject to paragraphs 14 and 15, unilateral credit shall be allowed in the same way as bilateral credit, and paragraphs 1 to 12 shall apply accordingly.

14. The unilateral credit allowed in respect of any foreign income for a year of assessment shall not exceed half the foreign tax payable on that income for that year.

15. Where an employee pays Malaysian tax and foreign tax in respect of income from an employment exercised outside Malaysia, then, whether or not he was resident for the basis year for the year of assessment for which the Malaysian tax was paid, unilateral credit may be allowed for foreign tax.

Interpretation

16. In this Schedule--

"bilateral credit" means credit in respect of foreign tax which, by virtue of any arrangements having effect under section 132, is to be allowed as a credit against Malaysian tax;

"foreign income" means income derived from outside Malaysia or in the case of bilateral credit, includes income derived from Malaysia charged to foreign tax;

"Malaysian tax" means tax imposed by this Act;

"unilateral credit" means credit in respect of foreign tax payable under the laws of a territory outside Malaysia with respect to which no arrangements under section 132 are in force.

Unannotated Statutes of Malaysia - Principal Acts/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 Act 53/INCOME TAX ACT 1967 ACT 53/Schedule 7A

Schedule 7A

[Section 133a]

Reinvestment Allowance

1. Subject to this Schedule, where a company which is resident in Malaysia--

(a) has been in operation for not less than thirty-six months; and

(b) has incurred in the basis period for a year of assessment capital expenditure on a factory, plant or machinery used in Malaysia for the purposes of a qualifying project referred to under subparagraph 8(a);

(c) (Deleted by Act 591), there shall be given to the company for that year of assessment a reinvestment allowance of an amount equal to sixty per cent of that expenditure:

Provided that such expenditure shall not include capital expenditure incurred on plant or machinery which is provided wholly or partly for the use of a director, or an individual who is a member of the management, or administrative or clerical staff.

1A. Subject to this Schedule, where a company which has been in operation for not less than thirty-six months and is resident in Malaysia for the basis year for a year of assessment has incurred in the basis period for that year of assessment, capital expenditure in relation to an agricultural project in Malaysia for the purposes of any qualifying project referred to under subparagraph 8(c) there shall be given to the company for that year of assessment a reinvestment allowance of sixty per cent of that expenditure.

1B. (1) Where a company has incurred capital expenditure in respect of an asset for the purposes of a qualifying project and that asset is acquired by a person (in this paragraph referred to as "the acquirer") from that company or from any other person (in this paragraph referred to as "the disposer") and at the time of the acquisition--

(a) the disposer of the asset is a person over whom the acquirer of the asset has control;

(b) the acquirer of the asset is a person over whom the disposer of the asset has control;

(c) some other person has control directly or indirectly over the disposer and acquirer of the asset; or

(d) the acquisition is effected in consequence of a scheme of reconstruction or amalgamation of companies, this Schedule shall not apply to the acquirer in respect of the asset.

(2) In this paragraph--

"asset" means a factory, plant or machinery referred to in paragraph 1, or plant, machinery or building referred to in the definition of "capital expenditure" in paragraph 9;

"control", in relation to a company, means the power of a person to secure, by means of the holding of shares or the possession of voting power in or in relation to that or any other company, or by virtue of any powers conferred by the articles of association or other document regulating that or any other company, that the affairs of the first mentioned company are conducted in accordance with the wishes of that person.

1C. (Deleted by Act 755)

2. An allowance under paragraph 1 or 1A shall be given in respect of capital expenditure incurred in the basis periods for fifteen consecutive years of assessment beginning from the year of assessment for the basis period in which a claim for that allowance was first made in the return of his income in respect of that capital expenditure.

2A.(1) Where an asset is disposed of at any time within five years from the date of acquisition of that asset, an allowance given under paragraph 1 or 1A in respect of that asset shall be deemed to have not been given to the person to which it would otherwise be entitled.(2) The allowance which is deemed to have not been given under subparagraph (1) shall be part of the person's statutory income in the basis period for the year of assessment in which such asset is disposed of.

3. Where an allowance is given to a person under paragraph 1 or 1A for a year of assessment, so much of the statutory income of that business of that person for that year of assessment as is equal to the amount of the allowance (or to the aggregate amount of any such allowances as the case may be) but not exceeding seventy per cent of the statutory income shall be exempt from tax for that year of assessment:

Provided that where the qualifying project has achieved the level of productivity as prescribed by the Minister, the amount to be exempt shall be equal to the allowance (or to the aggregate amount of any such allowances as the case may be) but not exceeding the statutory income for that year of assessment.

4. Where, by reason of the restriction of the allowance to seventy per cent of the statutory income or of an insufficiency or absence of statutory income from a business of the person for the basis period for a year of assessment, effect cannot be given or cannot be given in full to any allowance or allowances to which the person is entitled under this Schedule for that year of assessment in relation to the source consisting of that business, so much of the allowance or allowances as cannot be given for that year shall be given to the person under this Schedule for the first subsequent year of assessment for the basis period for which there is statutory income from that business, and for subsequent years of assessment until the person has received the whole of the allowance or allowances to which it is so entitled.

4A. Statutory income referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 shall be construed as the amount of statutory income of a person from a source consisting of a business in respect of a qualifying project referred to in paragraph 8.

5. (1) In the case of a company as soon as any amount of income has become exempted under paragraph 3, that amount shall be credited to an account to be kept by that company for the purposes of this paragraph (that account and company being in this paragraph and paragraph 6 referred to as the exempt account and the relevant company respectively).

(2) Where the exempt account is in credit at the date on which any dividends are paid by the relevant company out of income which has been exempted under paragraph 3, an amount equal to those dividends or that credit, whichever is the less, shall be debited to the exempt account.

(3) So much of the amount of any dividends debited to the exempt account under subparagraph (2) as is received by a shareholder in the relevant company shall, if the Director General is satisfied with the entries in the exempt account, be exempt from tax in the hands of that shareholder.

(4) Any dividends debited to the exempt account under subparagraph (2) shall be treated as having been distributed to the shareholders (or any particular class of shareholders) of the relevant company in the same proportions as those in which the shareholders in question were entitled to payment of the dividends giving rise to the debit.

(5) Until the Director General is satisfied that there is no further need to maintain the exempt account, the relevant company shall deliver to the Director General a copy of the exempt account made up to a date specified by him whenever it is called upon to do so by notice in writing sent by the Director General to the company's registered office.

(6) Where--

(a) an amount is received by way of dividend from the relevant company by a shareholder;

(b) that amount is exempt from tax under subparagraph (3); and

(c) that shareholder is a company, any dividends paid by that shareholding company to its shareholders shall, to the extent that the Director General is satisfied that the dividends so paid are paid out of that amount, be exempt from tax in the hands of those shareholders.

(7) (Deleted by Act 683).

6. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Schedule, where paragraph 2A applies or where it appears to the Director General that any income of the relevant company exempted under paragraph 3 or any dividend exempted in the hands of a shareholder under paragraph 5 ought not to have been exempted, he may at any time within five years after the expiration of the year of assessment for which the exemption was given make such assessment or additional assessment upon any person as appears to him to be necessary in order to counteract any benefit obtained from the exemption, or direct the relevant company to debit the exempt account with such amount as the circumstances require .

6A. Where in the case of a business of a person the basis periods for two years of assessment overlap, the period common to those periods shall be deemed for the purposes of this Schedule to fall into the earlier of those periods and not into the later of those periods.

7. This Schedule shall not apply to a company--

(a) for the basis period during which the company--

(i) has been granted pioneer status under the Promotion of Investments Act 1986 in respect of a promoted activity or promoted product and which is applying or intends to apply for the grant of a pioneer certificate; or

(ii) has been granted pioneer certificate under the Promotion of Investments Act 1986 in respect of a promoted activity or promoted product and whose tax relief period has not ended or ceased;

(b) for the basis period for which the company has been granted approval for investment tax allowance under the Promotion of Investments Act 1986 in respect of a promoted activity or promoted product for the period prescribed under the relevant provisions of that Act;